Carnegie Council Audio Podcast

By Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs

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Listen to events at Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs. Speakers and interviewees include distinguished authors, government and UN officials, economists, policymakers, and businesspeople. Topics range from the ethics of war and peace, to the place of religion in politics, to issues at the forefront of global social justice. To learn more about our work and to explore a wealth of related resources, please visit our website at http://www.carnegiecouncil.org.

Episode Date
Banned in China, with Andrew J. Nathan
38:16
What's the "anaconda in the chandelier" in China that looms over foreign scholars, journalists, and Chinese citizens expressing their opinions? Find out in this podcast with political scientist and China scholar Andrew Nathan of Columbia University.
Aug 15, 2018
China's Presence on U.S. Campuses, with Jack Marr
17:35
Boise State University's Jack Marr discusses how China's approach to the world has changed, from keeping a low profile to "a great push outward." Last year there were over 360,000 Chinese students in the U.S. These students are a great resource, says Marr, and we should welcome them and engage with them. "You don't want [them] just to come, study for a while, and then leave. I think that's not in the United States' best long-term interest."
Aug 13, 2018
Global Ethics Weekly: The Ongoing Crisis in Yemen
27:08
The world's worst humanitarian crisis is ongoing in Yemen, as the Saudi-led coalition, with the support of the U.S., continues its brutal campaign against the entrenched Houthi rebels. Waleed Alhariri, U.S. director of the Sana'a Center for Strategic Studies, details the military stalemate centered on a Red Sea port, the debate about America's role, and the prospects for peace, with a UN-led conference in Geneva scheduled for early September.
Aug 09, 2018
Japan-China Battles for Hearts & Minds, with Giulio Pugliese
24:00
Japan and China, while in a "tactical détente," are engaged in an information battle for foreign hearts and minds over the South China Sea and also Japan's past, says Pugliese of King's College, London. The "China dream" is the doppelganger of the "China nightmare"--the brutal Japanese invasion of China. "To a certain extent, Xi Jinping will need to cater to the China nightmare for foreign and internal consumption as he pushes for the China dream."
Aug 07, 2018
China-Taiwan "Political Warfare" with Russell Hsiao
41:12
China and Taiwan have been trying to influence each other ever since 1949, often through very subversive means, says the Global Taiwan Institute's Russell Hsiao, so Taiwan can provide useful lessons on dealing with CCP operations. Of course all governments try to influence foreign publics. What's concerning are "corrupt, coercive, and covert" activities, such as recent cases where China has directly interfered in Taiwan's political process.
Aug 06, 2018
Global Ethics Weekly: The Assault on Ethics, with Joel Rosenthal
22:02
Carnegie Council President Joel Rosenthal and host Alex Woodson discuss the ethical failures of the first 18 months of Trump's presidency, but also why they both see hope for the future. In the face of the daily assault on basic values, where can Americans look for leadership?
Aug 02, 2018
China's Influence Operations, with Peter Mattis
34:43
What's the difference between "influence" and "interference" when it comes to China's propaganda operations? How are these efforts structured? War on the Rocks contributing editor Peter Mattis breaks it down in this fascinating conversation. Plus, he warns against "McCarthyism" in regards to Chinese-American relations.
Aug 01, 2018
Migration & Citizenship in the Capitalist State, with Lea Ypi
25:28
"In both political debates and academic debates on migration the question of class is often missed," says London School of Economics' Lea Ypi. "When we reduce migration to a problem of open-versus-closed borders, of accepting or under what terms we accept or exclude migrants, we forget that borders are and have always been and will continue to be, at least under the current regimes, open for some people and closed for other people."
Jul 31, 2018
Global Ethics Weekly: Helsinki's Aftermath & the "Montenegro Test"
23:44
The July 16 summit and press conference in Helsinki brought the words "treason" and "blackmail" into mainstream conversations about the Trump White House and put an unwanted spotlight back on Ambassador Michael McFaul and other Americans with Russian connections. But the most lasting effects of this meeting could be on America's alliances. Senior Fellow Nikolas Gvosdev looks beyond the emotional and personal aspects of the Trump-Russia story and details why a small Balkan nation has become a test for American foreign policy.
Jul 26, 2018
Twitter's Moral Flaws, with Mark Hansen
38:08
Columbia Journalism School's Mark Hansen, along with his students and "New York Times" journalists, conducted deep, firsthand research into Twitter, buying followers and charting networks, but he was left with even more questions. What does "trending" really mean? How does someone become an influencer, and how is influence wielded? Plus, Hansen describes his innovative art installations, one of which is currently on display at the "New York Times" building in Manhattan.
Jul 25, 2018
Global Ethics Weekly: Migration in the Age of "Zero Tolerance"
38:44
Today's discussions about immigrants and refugees are focused on the Trump administration's "zero tolerance" policy on the U.S.-Mexico border and the "migration crisis" in the Mediterranean. Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Kavitha Rajagopalan explores the history of these debates, what it means to be undocumented in Europe versus the United States, and why many still view immigration through the prisms of terrorism and crime.
Jul 19, 2018
China's "Opinion Deterrence" with Isaac Stone Fish
32:22
"I think it's important to contrast what China is doing with what Russia is doing," says Asia Society's Isaac Stone Fish. "Russia influence operations and Russia influence is much more about sowing chaos, it's about destabilization, it's about making America weaker. China is much more about making China stronger. The United States is a vector and a way for China to become stronger." Elon Musk, Alibaba, and China's internal power structures are also discussed in this wide-ranging talk.
Jul 18, 2018
American vs. Chinese Propaganda, with Robert Daly
41:14
As China's middle class grows, Hollywood is making films with this audience in mind, says the Wilson Center's Robert Daly, previously a producer for the Chinese version of "Sesame Street." How is this different from filmmaking in the World War II and Cold War eras? And why did the Chinese government have a problem with Cookie Monster and Grover?
Jul 16, 2018
Global Ethics Weekly: A "Peace Regime" on the Korean Peninsula?
In this new podcast series, we'll be connecting current events to Carnegie Council resources through conversations with our Senior Fellows. This week, Devin Stewart discusses how his essay defending the Singapore Summit holds up a month later. Plus, he and host Alex Woodson speak about Mike Pompeo's strange and unproductive trip to Pyongyang, what a "peace regime" could look like, and the prospects for a unified Korean Peninsula.
Jul 12, 2018
Asia's "Opinion Wars" with Historian Alexis Dudden
37:14
As part of our new Information Warfare podcast series, University of Connecticut historian Alexis Dudden looks at the propaganda efforts coming out of Northeast Asia, with a focus on China's Confucius Institutes at American universities. Is China trying to spread its communist ideology through these centers or just teach its language to college students? Are the U.S. and Japan "guilty" of similar efforts?
Jul 11, 2018
Global Ethics Weekly: Trump's "First-Order Questions" & NATO Defense Spending
26:44
Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Nikolas Gvosdev looks at some basic questions Trump is asking about the post-Cold War alliance structures. Referencing a recent panel with George Mason's Colin Dueck and International Institute for Strategic Studies' Kori Schake, should Germany and other NATO allies spend more on defense? And what exactly are we defending when we say the "liberal international order"?
Jul 05, 2018
India in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know, with Mira Kamdar
23:11
What are the challenges that will have the most impact on India's future? Award-winning author Mira Kamdar puts climate change and environmental degradion at the top of the list, including rising sea levels and scarcity of resources. Next is the problem of poverty and unemployment--India has to generate nearly a million new jobs a month for young people joining the workforce. Kamdar also discusses the rise of Hindu nationalism and much more.
Jul 02, 2018
Global Ethics Weekly: Orbán's Hungary, the EU, & a "Values-Free Alliance"
26:20
As Viktor Orbán continues to enact illiberal policies in Hungary, some, including Harvard's Yascha Mounk, have called for the state to be expelled from the European Union. Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Nikolas Gvosdev puts this idea in a geopolitical and historical context and discusses what it could mean for the future of the EU. Is it possible to have an alliance of nations without shared values?
Jun 28, 2018
From Enemies to Partners: Vietnam, the U.S., & Agent Orange, with Charles R. Bailey
38:17
The Vietnam War ended over 40 years ago, but the U.S. and Vietnam are still coming to terms with the legacy of the toxic herbicide Agent Orange. Yet there is some good news: The cleanup is continuing and the U.S. Congress is committed. Bailey, who led Agent Orange programs at the Ford Foundation and the Aspen Institute, shares the inspiring story of the cooperation between former enemies, across multiple U.S. presidential administrations.
Jun 27, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Return of Marco Polo's World, with Robert D. Kaplan
4:13
On the Global Ethics Forum series finale, best-selling author Robert Kaplan discusses China's global ambitions in an increasingly connected world. In this excerpt Kaplan discusses some of the underreported aspects of China's Belt and Road Initiative. Thanks for watching!
Jun 21, 2018
Russian Soft Power in France, with Marlene Laruelle & Jean-Yves Camus
50:58
It's important to understand that Russia and France have had a centuries-long relationship which is mostly positive, say French scholars Marlene Laruelle and Jean-Yves Camus. Today there are layers of close economic and cultural ties, as well as common geopolitical interests, and the French extreme right and Russia share many of the same conservative values. Thus the remarkable strength of Russian influence in France is not surprising.
Jun 20, 2018
Would the World Be Better Without the UN? with Thomas G. Weiss
1:04:25
Thomas Weiss, a leading expert on the history and politics of the United Nations, gives incontrovertible evidence of the UN's achievements, such as the eradication of smallpox, but also details where the organization has fallen short. This is a critical time for all multilateral organizations and treaties, he stresses, as Trump has no regard for international cooperation.
Jun 18, 2018
Global Ethics Weekly: The Singapore Summit & the Specter of Trump
34:42
In the wake of the countless Western media takes on Trump-Kim, Senior Fellow Devin Stewart defends the Singapore summit and the president's negotiating style and U.S. Air Force veteran Phil Caruso gives an inside perspective of what a freeze of military drills means. Did Trump give up too much? What are the next steps? And most importantly, are South Korea and Japan safer today than they were one week, six months, or a year ago?
Jun 15, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Political Tribes: Group Instinct and the Fate of Nations, with Amy Chua
3:54
Next time on Global Ethics Forum Yale Law School’s Amy Chua details the effects of tribalism and group identity on American society. In this excerpt Chua discusses why the United States, after the 2016 election, is acting more like a developing country than one of the richest nations in history.
Jun 14, 2018
Restoring Trust: How Can the American Public Regain its Confidence in its National Security Apparatus?
1:03:06
There is a huge divide in the way Americans assess U.S. foreign policy. Take for example, the June G7 meeting, which ended in a clash between Trump and some of America's closest allies: Some say it was a disaster; others say Trump did the right thing. Where do we go from here to restore trust in expertise and government? Don't miss this fascinating conversation with two leading commentators, Colin Dueck and Kori Schake.
Jun 13, 2018
Edge of Chaos, with Dambisa Moyo
42:51
Why is democracy under siege around the world? Economist Dambisa Moyo cites a host of reasons, such as short-term thinking, low voter turnout, the huge sums spent on lobbying, and growing economic challenges. To fix these problems, she has 10 proposals for countries to choose from. They include compulsory voting and paying politicians more in order to stop corruption while also forcing them to be accountable for their policies.
Jun 12, 2018
HATE: Why We Should Resist It with Free Speech, Not Censorship, with Nadine Strossen
1:00:34
Nadine Strossen gives a rousing, detailed, and convincing defense of free speech as it is laid out in the First Amendment. "American law really is nuanced and makes a great deal of common sense," she says and while censorship of 'hate speech' in other countries is certainly well-intended, in practice the laws have proven to do more harm than good.
Jun 11, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Case for Universal Basic Income, with Andrew Yang
4:07
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, 2020 presidential candidate Andrew Yang makes the case for universal basic income in the United States. In this excerpt Yang tells journalist Stephanie Sy how he would pay for $1,000 a month for every American adult.
Jun 07, 2018
Golden Visas, Dreamers, & Ethics in Immigration, with Ayelet Shachar
25:06
There is a global surge in "golden visas" for the super-rich, who often have "no connection to the country other than a wire transfer, the ability to press a button, and pass a significant sum of money across borders," says Ayelet Shachar. Countries offering these include the U.S., the UK, and Malta. Yet in the U.S. the "dreamers," who grew up in America, are being denied citizenship. Do we really believe these visas are fair?
Jun 04, 2018
Vanishing Frontiers: The Forces Driving Mexico and the U.S. Together, with Andrew Selee
21:06
"Mexico is very present in our daily lives, sometimes even in ways we don't realize," says Andrew Selee. Did you know, for example, that some of America's most famous baked goods, such as Sara Lee, are owned by a Mexican company and made in Pennsylvania? From manufacturing and trade to film, food, and sports, plus the large number of Americans with Mexican heritage, the economies and cultures of Mexico and the U.S. are woven tightly together.
Jun 01, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Economics, Peace, Security, & "Women's Issues" with Melanne Verveer
3:50
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Georgetown’s Melanne Verveer discusses the connections between women’s issues, politics, human rights, and economics. In this excerpt Verveer tells journalist Magalie Laguerre-Wilkinson about her role in the Obama administration.
May 31, 2018
Why Ethics Matter in International Affairs
58:05
How can you ensure that ethics are a core component, not only of an international affairs education, but of graduates' performance once they go out in the field? In this event for students and alumni of the Elliott School of International Affairs, the School's Dean Brigety and Professors Nolan and Kojm, along with Carnegie Council President Rosenthal, discuss the thorny issues of ethics, leadership, and practice in international relations.
May 31, 2018
Roadmap to Hell: Sex, Drugs and Guns on the Mafia Coast, with Barbie Latza Nadeau
23:03
Rome-based journalist Barbie Latza Nadeau tells the horrifying story of the thousands of Nigerian women and girls duped into being trafficked to Italy, where they are forced to become sex slaves, drug mules, or weapons smugglers. How can this be stopped? The Nigerian government turns a blind eye, Libya, the transit point, is a failed state, and Italy is overwhelmed by the sheer numbers of migrants--plus prostitution is legal there.
May 24, 2018
The Rohingya Crisis in Bangladesh, with BRAC's Muhammad Musa
25:37
Muhammad Musa is executive director of BRAC, which is working with the one million Rohingya refugees living in camps in Bangladesh. He describes the problems there, including growing tensions with the host community and the threat of the coming monsoon season, which may bring floods and landslides. He looks forward to the day when the Rohingya can go home to Myanmar, but this can only occur with the help of the international community.
May 22, 2018
Democracy Promotion in the Age of Trump
1:27:12
In this panel Adrian Basora makes a strong case for democracy as not only promoting American values but also serving U.S. interests, while Maia Otarashvili gives a frightening overview of the rise of "illiberal values" (Viktor Orbán's phrase) in the Eurasia region. Basora and Otarashvili are co-editors of "Does Democracy Matter? The United States and Global Democracy Support" and Nikolas Gvosdev is one of the contributors.
May 22, 2018
The Living Legacy of WWI: The Legacy of American Press Censorship in World War I, with Charles Sorrie
46:12
The popular memory of WWI today was basically engineered through propaganda and censorship during the war itself, says Charles Sorrie. Those involved in any war need convincing reasons why they are fighting. "There needs to be almost some sort of slogan. The one that was developed at that time, that America was fighting mostly for democracy or for freedom, is one that is still used today in popular history and in popular culture."
May 22, 2018
Climate Change and the Power to Act: An Ethical Approach for Practical Progress
1:00:03
We are already living with climate change; and although countries have pledged to limit global warming to 2 °C, success seems highly unlikely. This panel explores how to advance ethical leadership on climate justice globally, nationally, and locally in the years ahead. Topics include the Paris Agreement and commitments going forward, geoengineering governance, the problems in California, and the creative ways the Seychelles are coping.
May 17, 2018
Greed, Movies, and Capitalism with Ethicist John Paul Rollert
35:02
Every capitalist economy struggles with how to come to terms with greed, says John Paul Rollert, an expert on the intellectual history of capitalism. He describes how our perspective has changed from the Christian view of greed as an unalloyed sin, to the 18th century idea that it could bring positive benefits, to the unabashed "Greed is good" ethos in the movie "Wall Street." Where do we stand now? How can we rehabilitate capitalism?
May 17, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Plutopia: Nuclear Families in Atomic Cities, with Kate Brown
03:36
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, University of Maryland Baltimore County's Professor Kate Brown details the ethical, social, and health costs of nuclear power since World War II. In this excerpt Brown, author of "Plutopia," and journalist Stephanie Sy discuss the little-known Cold War era nuclear production plants in the Soviet Union and Washington State.
May 17, 2018
The Living Legacy of WWI: Forgotten Aspects of the Western Hemisphere & WWI, with Richard Millett
"Unknown to the rest of America, we had one regiment of Puerto Ricans in Puerto Rico which was totally integrated. The rest of the military was segregated, and the Puerto Rican regiment was integrated." Military historian Richard Millett discusses some surprising and neglected aspects of the Hispanic experience in World War I, along with the war's impact on the United States' relationship with its Latin American allies.
May 15, 2018
From Cold War to Hot Peace: An American Ambassador in Putin's Russia, with Michael McFaul
59:27
As Obama's adviser on Russian affairs, Michael McFaul helped craft the United States' policy known as "reset" that fostered new and unprecedented collaboration between the two countries. Then, as U.S. ambassador to Russia from 2012-2014, he had a front-row seat when this fleeting moment crumbled with Vladimir Putin's return to the presidency. "It's tragic," he says. "How is it that we have come back to something close to the Cold War?"
May 14, 2018
"End of an Era" in China, with Carl Minzner
24:41
"I'm not making an argument that Maoism is coming back; we're very far away from that. But the crucial thing to recognize is just what we had known as characterizing the reform era is going away, and China is shifting into a more personalized authoritarian regime and one which is more closed with respect to outside influence. For me, I think when you see those things happening it makes you worried about what's the next norm that starts to break."
May 10, 2018
"Why Terrorists Quit" in Indonesia, with Julie Chernov Hwang
38.57
Over six years, Julie Chernov Hwang conducted over 100 interviews with current and former leaders and followers of radical Islamist groups in Indonesia to find out why some terrorists finally quit. What did she learn? The key is life skills training, family and community support, and personal development, she says. "If you are going to focus on deradicalization, focus it narrowly on use of violence. Don't try to overhaul someone's worldview."
May 09, 2018
Army of None: Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War, with Paul Scharre
57:56
"What happens when a predator drone has as much as autonomy as a self-driving car, moving to something that is able to do all of the combat functions all by itself, that it can go out, find the enemy, and attack the enemy without asking for permission?" asks military and technology expert Paul Scharre. The technology's not there yet, but it will be very soon, raising a host of ethical, legal, military, and security challenges.
May 08, 2018
The Living Legacy of WWI: Merchants of Death? The Politics of Defense Contracting, with Christopher Capozzola
40:43
In the 1930s during the run-up to WWII, many argued that arms manufacturers and bankers--"merchants of death"--had conspired to manipulate the U.S. into entering WWI. What is or should be the role of the profit motive in preparing for war? "This is a debate that is no less important now," says MIT's Christopher Capozzola, "but we are not having it, and we are not including all the people in that debate who need to be participating in it."
May 08, 2018
Understanding the "Duterte Phenomenon" in the Philippines, with John Gershman
35:02
Unlike Trump, Duterte came to the presidency with a history in public service and he knew how to run a government, says John Gershman. "I would relate him in some ways more to the anti-democratic populist movements of Eastern Europe: authoritarian, a very heavy morality dimension to his vision of nationalism, with a focus on things like drugs, and with a healthy dose of misogyny in his rhetoric."
May 07, 2018
Crime and Global Justice: The Dynamics of International Punishment, with Daniele Archibugi
39:28
Are we witnessing a new era of cosmopolitan justice or are the old principles of victors' justice still in play? Economic and political theorist Daniele Archibugi discusses his new book, "Crime and Global Justice," which examines the history of global criminal justice and presents five case studies: Augusto Pinochet, Slobodan Milošević, Radovan Karadžić, Saddam Hussein, and Omar al-Basheer.
May 07, 2018
Poverty Reduction & Social Welfare in China, with Qin Gao
45:12
Professor Qin Gao, director of Columbia's China Center for Social Policy, explains the workings of the Chinese "Dibao" (limited income guarantee) system. "Dibao is doing relatively better than many other similar programs in developing countries," says Gao, yet it has limitations and some negative aspects. She also discusses Xi Jinping's ambitious goal to eradicate poverty by 2020, and the benefits of a Universal Basic Income (UBI) system.
May 03, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: It's Better than It Looks, with Gregg Easterbrook
2:54
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, "Atlantic" contributing editor Gregg Easterbrook looks beyond the headlines and makes the case for optimism in an age of fear. In this excerpt, Easterbrook shares some positive statistics about the global food supply and economics in the United States.
May 03, 2018
Promoting Human Rights in the Developing World, with American Jewish World Service's Robert Bank
45:41
Growing up in Apartheid-era South Africa, Robert Bank cared about social injustice from an early age. Today he travels the world for AJWS, working with local activists on a range of issues such as women's rights in India and LGBT rights in Uganda. "My job—very much like a conductor of an orchestra in some way—is to ensure that every instrument has its beautiful voice heard and that this melody is given the opportunity to really soar."
May 02, 2018
The Peacemakers: Leadership Lessons from Twentieth-Century Statesmanship, with Bruce Jentleson
1:17:29
What are the qualities and conditions that enable people to become successful peacemakers? At a time when peace seems elusive and conflict endemic, Bruce Jentleson makes a forceful and inspiring case for the continued relevance of statesmanship and diplomacy and provides practical guidance to 21st-century leaders seeking lessons from some of history's most accomplished negotiators, activists, and trailblazers.
May 01, 2018
The Living Legacy of WWI: Chemical Weapons from the Great War to Syria, with Zach Dorfman
43:08
"What you stopped seeing after World War I was great power conflict involving chemical weapons, and what you started seeing was asymmetric conflicts or regional conflicts that involved chemical weapons. That actually disturbed me even more because what I started realizing was that as time went on the weaker you were, the more likely that another state would use chemical weapons against you or your people."
May 01, 2018
Us Vs. Them: The Failure of Globalism, with Ian Bremmer
29:35
"The failure of globalism [an ideology of bringing people closer together] is very different than the failure of globalization," says Ian Bremmer. "I don't think globalization has failed. It has led to a lot more wealth. It has taken a lot of people out of poverty." But in many Western countries the losers have not been taken care of, so the backlash is hardly surprising. What about the Chinese approach? Is it more successful?
Apr 25, 2018
The Living Legacy of WWI: Jane Addams & Her Cosmopolitan Ethics, with Seiko Mimaki
40:52
"What distinguished Addams from other peace advocates was her strong emphasis on the crucial role of marginalized people, such as women, immigrants, and workers, in the peacemaking process," says Seiko Mimaki. Her views are highly relevant today, when people see themselves as abandoned by global elites. Unlike that of Woodrow Wilson, her vision of cosmopolitanism "pursued freedom and opportunity for everyone, not just for a privileged few."
Apr 24, 2018
The People vs. Democracy: Why Our Freedom Is in Danger and How to Save It, with Yascha Mounk
57:07
Harvard's Yascha Mounk argues that liberalism and democracy are coming apart, creating new forms of illiberal democracy (democracy without rights) and undemocratic liberalism (rights without democracy). Populist leaders are flourishing; indeed, Hungary is on the verge of descending into dictatorship, with shamefully little criticism from the Europe or the U.S. What are the causes of this phenomenon? What can we do about it?
Apr 23, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: To Fight Against This Age, with Rob Riemen
4:26
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Nexus Institute founder Rob Riemen delivers a stark warning about the rise of fascism in the United States and Europe. In this excerpt, Riemen discusses the features of fascism in the 21st century and why it needs to be called out.
Apr 19, 2018
The Living Legacy of WWI: The Politics & Medicine of Treating Post-Traumatic Stress, with Tanisha Fazal
44:05
Although it has been written about for centuries, post-traumatic stress was not officially recognized as a medical condition until the 1980s. However World War I "was really a turning point in terms of acknowledging and starting to identify and treat what we call today post-traumatic stress," says Tanisha Fazal of the University of Minnesota, whose project on treating PTS will make the connection between World War I and current times.
Apr 17, 2018
On Grand Strategy, with John Lewis Gaddis
1:00:20
Are there such things as timeless principles of grand strategy? If so, are they always the same across epochs and cultures? What can we learn from reading the classics, such as Thucydides, Sun Tzu, and Clausewitz? "The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing," according to Isaiah Berlin. Which type makes better strategists, or do you need to be a bit of both? John Lewis Gaddis has some wise and thoughtful answers.
Apr 13, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Tackling Inequality in the United States, with Chuck Collins
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Institute for Policy Studies’ Chuck Collins discusses extreme inequality in America. In this excerpt, Collins tells journalist Magalie Laguerre-Wilkinson what the one percent needs to do to build a more equitable society.
Apr 12, 2018
The Living Legacy of WWI: Airpower During the First World War, with Philip Caruso
1:00:29
"World War I was the beginning of what we now consider to be one of the cornerstones of the ways in which we engage in war," says Major Caruso. "At that time air power was relatively new, it was a nascent technology, but now most countries have some form of air force. There are recent conflicts that have been fought almost entirely via air power." He goes on to discuss the evolution of international humanitarian law with respect to air power.
Apr 10, 2018
Hope for Asian Fisheries, with Brett Jenks
With rich and varied coral reefs, Indonesia and the Philippines are critically important for marine biodiversity, says Brett Jenks of Rare, a conservation organization. Overfishing could result in millions losing their livelihoods and leads to degradation of coastal habitats, making them less resilient to climate change. But there is hope. In marine reserves started as pilot projects, fish populations are increasing by as much as 390 percent.
Apr 05, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Extreme Poverty in the United States, with Philip Alston
4:33
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, the UN's Philip Alston discusses poverty in the United States and the dark side of American exceptionalism. In this excerpt, Alston tells journalist Stephanie Sy about a shocking example of extreme poverty in Alabama and why it persists in 21st century America.
Apr 05, 2018
#MeToo in China, with Maura Cunningham and Jeffrey Wasserstrom
26:10
China experts Cunningham and Wasserstrom start by talking about the small, mainly campus-based #MeToo campaign in China--to avoid internet censorship young people often use emojis of a rice bowl and a rabbit, which sound the same as "me too" in Chinese, but now the censors have figured that out--and go on to consider more general issues of censorship, repression, and the ups and downs of gender equality in China.
Apr 04, 2018
The Dangers of a Digital Democracy, with Rana Foroohar
37:56
The revelations about the misuse of Facebook data have started a pushback against the top five big tech companies: Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Netflix, and Google. How do approaches to privacy and data use differ in the U.S., Europe, and China? What kind of transparency should we demand? How will AI affect workers? All this and more in a lively and informative discussion with author and "Financial Times" columnist Rana Foroohar.
Apr 03, 2018
The Living Legacy of WWI: Hidden Photographic Narratives, with Katherine Akey
36:29
Katherine Akey is researching "gueules cassées," soldiers who suffered facially disfiguring injuries on WWI battlefields, focusing on those who were treated at the American Hospital in Paris. Though many of their stories have been lost, haunting photographs of these servicemen remain. Akey's research will delve into complicated questions about caring for the wounded, the ethics of war photography, and how Americans learn about World War I.
Apr 03, 2018
Liberalism in the Philippines, with Lisandro Claudio
25:08
Populist leader President Duterte has killed thousands in his "war on drugs," idolizes Putin, and openly uses fake news and excessive nationalism to consolidate his power. And it's working: he has an 82 percent popularity rating right now. What happened to the nation's liberal democratic heritage? Author and historian Lisandro Claudio discusses the situation and how he is using Youtube videos, articles, and a new book to fight back.
Apr 02, 2018
Normalizing Intolerance in Indonesia, with Sandra Hamid
"Indonesian civil societies and academics are very good at collecting cases of discrimination," says Sandra Hamid, author of "Normalizing Intolerance." "But what we don't have is the ethnography of the everyday life of discrimination, things that are not necessarily discrimination with a capital D; this is like your daily experience." Today we see myriad examples of the gradual normalization of belittling and isolating non-Muslims.
Mar 29, 2018
Anti-Pluralism: The Populist Threat to Liberal Democracy, with William A. Galston
Some unpleasant truths for liberals, from William Galston: The rise of anti-pluralist populist movements is caused by a combination of economic factors and migration; we need to take these concerns seriously, instead of feeling morally superior. In the U.S., this will require reintegrating our economy so that small towns and rural areas thrive again; breaking through government gridlock; and purging the "poison" of our immigration policies.
Mar 29, 2018
Piety and Public Opinion: Understanding Indonesian Islam, with Tom Pepinksy
32:00
Are there differences in political, social, and economic attitudes among Indonesians--and Indonesian Muslims in particular--based on their levels of religious piety? Intriguingly, Tom Pepinsky and his fellow researchers found that the answer is no; piety is not the deciding factor. Pepinsky also examines Indonesia's approach toward minority rights, which he defines as tolerance for group rights but not for individual rights.
Mar 22, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: China, Climate Change, & the Environment, with Elizabeth Economy
3:25
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Council on Foreign Relations Senior Fellow Elizabeth Economy discusses China’s complicated relationship with environmentalism. In this excerpt, Economy tells Stephanie Sy how Chinese leadership’s approach toward climate change has evolved in the last few decades.
Mar 22, 2018
The Origins of Happiness, with Richard Layard
19:40
Today we can accurately measure happiness and we know much more about its causes, says Professor Layard. It turns out that getting richer is often not enough for real happiness. So now, instead of just looking at GDP, many policymakers around the world are focusing on how to raise the level of people's satisfaction with their lives, including their mental and physical health, for example.
Mar 21, 2018
The Case for Universal Basic Income, with Andrew Yang
39:42
Automation is causing the greatest shift in human history and will put millions of Americans out of work, says entrepreneur and 2020 presidential candidate Andrew Yang. His solution? Put human values before GDP and provide a universal basic income of $1,000 a month, funded by a 10 percent value-added tax (VAT). This is not a government program, he argues, but a dividend given to we, the people, who are the owners of this country.
Mar 21, 2018
European Futures in the Shadow of American Disengagement, with Andrew Michta
25:27
Europe is going through deep structural changes, says Andrew Michta of the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies. He argues that it may become "a "Europe of clusters," where countries even within the EU will align themselves differently depending on their economic or security interests. In any case, these shifts are largely driven by internal factors such as the migration crisis, not by U.S. policy towards Europe.
Mar 16, 2018
The Return of Marco Polo's World, with Robert D. Kaplan
59:40
If you wish to understand the depth and breadth of the geographical, historical, technological, and political forces that are shaping our world, there is no better guide than Robert Kaplan. Using Marco Polo's journey as "a geographical framing device for Eurasia today," he examines China's ambitious One Belt One Road project, dissecting China's imperial dream and its multiple, under-reported objectives.
Mar 16, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Rescue: Refugees and the Political Crisis of Our Time, with David Miliband
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, International Rescue Committee president David Miliband discusses the moral tragedy of the refugee crisis and what the West needs to do. In this excerpt, Miliband brings up the moral, strategic, and historic reasons for caring about the world’s 65 million refugees.
Mar 15, 2018
The U.S. Foreign Service and the Importance of Professional Diplomacy, with Nicholas Kralev
45:07
Professional diplomats are made not born, says Nicholas Kralev of the Washington International Diplomatic Academy. It's not enough to be a people person: training is needed in specific skills. Sadly, many Americans don't realize how diplomats' successes or failures can affect their own security and prosperity. Even U.S. presidents often don't appreciate the Foreign Service. And under Trump, State Department professionals are leaving in droves.
Mar 15, 2018
Fighting Threats to Philippine Democracy, with Joy Aceron
30:24
"Despite the vibrancy of civil society, political and economic power continues to be in the hands of very few people in the Philippines. In fact, there are statistics that would say that if you want to make one important policy decision, you only have to talk to about 40 people because that is where power is concentrated." Joy Aceron, of G-Watch talks politics, press freedom, and civil society in this info-packed podcast.
Mar 14, 2018
The Lost History of Prosecuting Axis War Crimes, with Dan Plesch
33:27
Before Nuremberg--indeed, long before the end of the war--there was the United Nations War Crimes Commission, a little-known agency which assisted national governments in putting on trial thousands of Axis war criminals in Europe and Asia. Why do we know so little about it? "With the onset of the Cold War and the repression of civil rights in America, this whole Commission was shut down," says Dan Plesch. Learn more about this buried history.
Mar 13, 2018
Motorcycles & the Art of Politics in Thailand, with Claudio Sopranzetti
25:58
Anthropologist Sopranzetti's new book discusses the surprising role of motorcycle taxi drivers in a recent coup in Thailand, and their important place in everyday Thai life. In this fascinating interview, he also looks at the bigger picture: "there is a larger trend in East Asia of a certain Chinese model of authoritarianism that is not outside the rule of law, but in fact uses the rule of law to govern through other methods."
Mar 09, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Democracy and Its Crisis with A. C. Grayling
5:46
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, British philosopher A. C. Grayling discusses the crisis of democracy in the U.S. and UK and how we can fix it. In this excerpt, Grayling talks about some unfortunate traditions in British politics that are especially corrosive to the system of representative democracy.
Mar 08, 2018
Economics, Peace, Security, and "Women's Issues" with Ambassador Melanne Verveer
44:22
We have made tremendous progress, but there's still a long way to go, says Melanne Verveer, head of Georgetown's Institute for Women, Peace and Security and former ambassador-at-large for global women's issues. She looks forward to the day when "women's issues" are no longer seen as marginal, but as a mainstream component of peace and prosperity.
Mar 08, 2018
Political Tribes: Group Instinct and the Fate of Nations, with Amy Chua
1:02:09
"The United States today is starting to display destructive political dynamics much more typically associated with developing countries: ethno-nationalist movements, the erosion of trust in our institutions and electoral outcomes, and above all, the transformation of democracy into an engine of zero-sum political tribalism."
Mar 07, 2018
Is Indonesia Becoming Like Pakistan? with Andreas Harsono
26:44
The maximum penalty for blasphemy in Pakistan is death, and public protest is not allowed. Indonesia is nowhere near as bad as this--yet. "Indonesia is now going down the Pakistan route," says Andreas Harsono of Human Rights Watch. "There are more and more political manipulations using the blasphemy law, and there are more and more discriminatory regulations against minorities in Indonesia."
Mar 06, 2018
Necessary Evil: How to Fix Finance by Saving Human Rights, with David Kinley
27:34
Rich and poor, we're all dependent on the global financial system and it can be a force for good, says human rights law professor David Kinley, but the incentive structures within banking encourage people to behave unethically. In other words, "finance does not attract cheats, it creates them." How can we change this? We have to start with education, says Kinley.
Mar 05, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Impacts of Climate Change & New York's Climate Museum with Miranda Massie
4:17
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Climate Museum founder Miranda Massie discusses the need for all Americans to take an interest in the environment. In this excerpt, Massie tells journalist Magalie Laguerre-Wilkinson how her previous career prepared her for environmental activism and alerted her to the social costs of global warming.
Mar 01, 2018
On Tyranny: Twenty Lessons from the Twentieth Century, with Timothy Snyder
1:03:46
Can tyranny happen here? asks historian Timothy Snyder. His chilling answer is, "it can happen, it happens to people like us, and it is happening now." How can we fight back? Snyder offers 20 lessons; the first is the most important, as if we fail in this one it will be too late for the others: "Don't obey in advance. Most of the power of authoritarianism is freely given." Have the courage to take a stand--easy to say, but difficult to do.
Feb 27, 2018
Gandhi's Satyagraha & Social Change, with Sujata Gadkar-Wilcox
29:05
Satyagraha, one of Gandhi's most influential teachings, stresses "passive resistance" in the face of injustice. Qunnipiac's Gadkar-Wilcox saw a powerful example of this in regards to a debate in India over sanitary napkins and she also sees it as Florida high school students push legislators for stricter gun control. Why is this tactic or "disposition" so effective?
Feb 26, 2018
It's Better than It Looks: Reasons for Optimism in an Age of Fear, with Gregg Easterbrook
47:18
Today, many feel paralyzed by the constant stream of bad news. Yet as Gregg Easterbrook shows, statistics on crime, poverty, and longevity prove that things are actually getting better, both in the United States and most of the world. So why do we see the world in such a negative light? Is it a coincidence that this trend started in 2004, the same year that Facebook was created?
Feb 26, 2018
Does Fake News Matter? with Brendan Nyhan
28:36
What are the real facts about fake news? Brendan Nyhan is co-author of an important new study on fake news consumption during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign. He discovered that a staggering one in four Americans visited a fake news site in the month before the election. But what was the actual agenda for most of these sites and what effect did they have on voters? His findings may surprise you.
Feb 22, 2018
Virtual Reality for Social Good, with Jeremy Bailenson
19:02
In this fascinating conversation, Jeremy Bailenson, director of Stanford University's Virtual Human Interaction Lab, describes how virtual reality (VR) can be used as a force for good. By immersing people in experiences they wouldn't otherwise have, such as the disastrous effects of climate change or the struggles of refugees, they can be galvanized to tackle problems that previously seemed remote and abstract.
Feb 21, 2018
Dangerous Delegation: Military Intervention & the U.S. Public, with Kori Schake
20:48
Are Americans too deferential to the armed forces, becoming increasingly willing to "outsource" judgement to the military? Senior Fellow Nikolas Gvosdev talks with Dr. Kori Schake of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, co-author with James Mattis of "Warriors and Citizens: American Views of Our Military."
Feb 21, 2018
To Fight Against This Age: On Fascism and Humanism, with Rob Riemen
57:14
No more euphemisms and denials, says Rob Riemen in this frightening and inspiring talk. Call it by its name: fascism. Neither technology, nor economic growth, nor political activism can fix this, he continues. We must create a new counterculture that replaces kitsch and conformism with truth, empathy, beauty, and justice.
Feb 05, 2018
"Modern Slavery" with Siddharth Kara
30:00
In his third book on slavery, which took 16 years of research, Siddharth Kara calculates that there are roughly 31 million slaves worldwide, at least half of them in South Asia. We need to apply much more resources and compassion to end "this horrible indignity."
Jan 30, 2018
Iran: A Modern History, with Abbas Amanat
1:02:09
There are few countries in the world that are more misrepresented in the West than Iran. By exploring the imperial rivalries that played out there, the dynastic changes and revolutions, the population explosion, the role of religion, and Iran's relations with other nations in the Middle East, Abbas Amanat provides a context that helps us to demystify present-day Iran, one of the most powerful nations in the Middle East.
Jan 29, 2018
Moral Leadership Missing in Burma, with Ambassador Derek Mitchell
Former ambassador to Burma Derek Mitchell examines the complex situation there, including the roots of the ongoing Rohingya crisis and China's influence there. Aung San Suu Kyi is not providing the necessary leadership, he says--despite her constraints she should be speaking out about the Rohingya and about free speech, for example. Nevertheless, she has been given too much flak, and this has become counterproductive.
Jan 26, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: False Dawn: Protest, Democracy, and Violence in the New Middle East, with Steven A. Cook
5:24
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Council on Foreign Relations Senior Fellow Steven Cook discusses the violent aftermath of the Arab Spring. In this excerpt, Cook describes how and why Washington got its response wrong to revolutions in the Middle East and North Africa, with a special focus on Libya.
Jan 18, 2018
The Ukrainian Night: An Intimate History of Revolution, with Marci Shore
54:40
"'Likes' don't count," was the rallying cry that first brought people to the Maidan. In this remarkable conversation, Marci Shore explores what it means "to experience revolution in your own skin": the human transformation, blurring of time, and destroying of boundaries during this "extraordinary coming together of men, of women, of young people, of old people, of Jews, of Armenians, of Russian speakers, of Ukrainian speakers."
Jan 17, 2018
Tackling Inequality in the United States, with "Born on Third Base" Chuck Collins
48:44
Chuck Collins grew up in a wealthy family and gave away his fortune at the age of 26, yet he realizes that he still has advantages accrued over generations. The current level of inequality is bad for society as a whole, he declares. "It is not in anyone's interest to keep moving toward a sort of economic and racial apartheid." But it doesn't have to be this way. It can be reversed.
Jan 16, 2018
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2018 with Eurasia Group's Ian Bremmer
49:16
Probably the most dangerous geopolitical environment in decades-China, AI, Trump, end of Pax Americana--yes, it's very bad. But all these challenges energize political scientist Ian Bremmer to do his best work! Don't miss this great talk.
Jan 12, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Europe's Far-Right Political Movements with Marlene Laruelle
4:07
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Marlene Laruelle explains the rise of far right political parties throughout Europe. In this excerpt, Laruelle and journalist Magalie Laguerre-Wilkinson discuss the issues of immigration and refugee flows as it relates to societal problems in Western Europe.
Jan 11, 2018
Deciphering the Middle East and Trump's National Security Stategy, with Asha Castleberry
28:20
Asha Castleberry, Fordham professor and U.S. Army veteran, describes her "mixed reaction" to Trump's National Security Strategy--touching on China and Russia, cybersecurity, and climate change--and what effect it will actually have on the military's operations. Plus, she details an increasingly complicated Middle East, with the Saudi crown prince on a warpath and a dangerous transitional period in Syria and Iraq after major victories against ISIS.
Jan 10, 2018
Extreme Poverty in the United States, with the UN's Philip Alston
46:59
The UN's Philip Alston traveled across the U.S. recently and found appalling conditions, from homelessness in California to open sewage in rural Alabama. He discusses the political choices that allow this to continue and proposes solutions.
Jan 10, 2018
A Climate of Impunity? The Problem of Sexual Abuse by UN Peacekeeping Forces, with Justice Marie Deschamps
23:04
Over two years after the release of a report on sexual exploitation and abuse by international peacekeeping forces in the Central African Republic, chaired by Marie Deschamps, has anything changed? Not much, says Deschamps in this shocking interview. The report's recommendations have not been implemented and there is still a "climate of impunity" for abusers, even though the first allegations against UN forces date back to the 1980s.
Jan 09, 2018
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Can America and China Escape Thucydides's Trap? with Graham Allison
4:51
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Harvard's Graham Allison discusses why he thinks the United States and China could be on track for war. In this excerpt, Allison describes why China is in a position to challenge America as the world's preeminent superpower.
Jan 04, 2018
Trump's National Security Strategy, with Julianne Smith
15:59
"I would say most of the people I have talked to outside of government, including some people in Congress, have been a little taken aback," says Julie Smith, senior fellow at Center for a New American Security. "A lot of people have been left scratching their heads because a lot of what appears in the strategy has actually been contradicted by the president himself in one or another of his tweet storms."
Dec 20, 2017
Humanitarian Ethics and the Red Cross, with Hugo Slim
27:42
"I would say that the principle of humanity, and humanity in war even, is a global ethic. We can trace it through human history," says ICRC's Hugo Slim. Don't miss this in-depth discussion about the work of the Red Cross and its core humanitarian ethics as laid out in the Geneva Convention: humanity and compassion; the principal of a clear distinction between combatants and noncombatants; and proportionality in the weapons and the force used.
Dec 15, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Free-Enterprise Solutions to Climate Change with Bob Inglis
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, former Republican congressman Bob Inglis discusses how he went from climate change denier to activist and a conservative approach to environmentalism. In this excerpt, Inglis explains to journalist Stephanie Sy how climate change became politicized and deniers took root in the Republican Party.
Dec 14, 2017
Tunisia: An Arab Anomaly with Safwan M. Masri
1:06:37
Did you know that Tunisia started championing women's rights in the eighth century, and is still far ahead of most Arab and Muslim-majority countries? Indeed Tunisia's trajectory on many fronts has been radically more progressive than that of other Arab nations. So while it it may serve as an inspiration, its unique history probably makes its success impossible to duplicate, says Safwan Masri.
Dec 14, 2017
Slowing the Proliferation of Major Conventional Weapons with Jonathan D. Caverley
24:50
Although today's hot topic is nuclear proliferation, let's not forget that wars like Syria are being fought with conventional ones, such as aircraft and artillery. Jonathan Caverley has an intriguing and practical proposal to slow down the spread of these deadly weapons.
Dec 11, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Russian Media from Soviet Times to Putin, with Jonathan Sanders
4:13
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Stony Brook professor Jonathan Sanders discusses the media and propaganda in Russia, from Soviet times to Putin. In this excerpt, Sanders, former CBS News Moscow correspondent, describes to journalist Randall Pinkston the surprising state of Russian media in 2017.
Dec 07, 2017
Fractured Continent: Europe's Crises and the Fate of the West, with William Drozdiak
1:04:56
In some ways Europe is more fragmented than at any time in the last three decades, says Drozdiak. There's a north/south split between wealthy creditor nations and deeply indebted ones; an east/west divide, as Poland and Hungary revert to nationalism; pressures of regional separatism; Brexit; and the migrant crisis. Then there's Trump, who sees Europe as a burden and economic rival. 2018 could be a pivotal year. What will happen?
Dec 07, 2017
Banning Nuclear Weapons with 2017 Nobel Peace Prize Winner ICAN
27:32
Did you know that 122 countries have adopted a treaty to ban nuclear weapons? The organization behind this movement is the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN). In this spirited and informative discussion, Ray Acheson and Beatrice Fihn of ICAN take apart the nuclear deterrence myth, expecially in the case of North Korea, and the belief that nukes are "special" and therefore exempt from the ban on targeting civilians.
Dec 07, 2017
Rescue: Refugees and the Political Crisis of Our Time, with David Miliband
1:03:00
Today there are 65 million people who have fled their homes because of conflict or persecution, says the International Rescue Committee's David Miliband. These are refugees not economic migrants, and half of them are children. It's a long-term crisis that will last our lifetimes. Why should we care? And what can we do about it, both at a policy level and as individuals?
Dec 04, 2017
Digital World War: Islamists, Extremists, and the Fight for Cyber Supremacy, with Haroon Ullah
17:45
Despite defeats like Mosul and Raqqa, ISIS and other extremist groups are thriving, says Ullah. For them, the most important battlefield is not the physical one but the information one, and there they are winning. They are nimble, moving from open-source platforms to encrypted ones and are not afraid to fail, getting instant feedback on what propaganda works best. We need a much more concerted effort--a "Manhattan project"--to combat this.
Nov 30, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Once and Future Liberal, with Mark Lilla
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Columbia’s Mark Lilla discusses his controversial book “The Once and Future Liberal” and how America can move forward in the Trump era. In this excerpt, Lilla explains the dire consequences of liberals playing identity politics, as he calls it, in the face of a dangerous and regressive Republican agenda and electoral strategy.
Nov 30, 2017
Bioethics and Community Engagement with Jess Holzer
35:55
Hofstra University's Jess Holzer is focused on improving public health at the community level. But she teaches that good intentions alone are not enough to build an inclusive and succesful project. What are the tangible benefits of showing respect as a medical reseacher? And what's the connection between bioethics and biking on Long Island?
Nov 29, 2017
From Charlottesville to North Korea: Filming Social Change with Josh Davis
41:24
In a wide-ranging conversation, Emmy award-winning Vice News producer Josh Davis takes Devin Stewart behind the scenes of his in-depth documentaries, from the deadly white nationalist rally in Charlottesville to daily life in North Korea.
Nov 22, 2017
Marlene Laruelle on Europe's Far-Right Political Movements
43:39
What has led to the rise of far-right parties across Europe and how have they evolved over time? Is immigration really the main issue, or is there a more complex set of problems that vary from nation to nation? What are the ideological and practical connections between the far right and Russia? Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Marlene Laruelle is an expert on Europe, Russia, Eurasia, and Europe's far right. Don't miss her analysis.
Nov 17, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: From the White House to the World with Chef Sam Kass
4:58
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Sam Kass details his time as President Obama’s White House chef and senior policy advisor for nutrition and the links between climate change and how and what we eat. In this excerpt, Kass and journalist Roxana Saberi discuss an uncertain future for food policy in the United States under Trump.
Nov 16, 2017
The Rohingya Crisis: "Myanmar's Enemy Within" with Francis Wade
32:58
Francis Wade, author of "The Enemy Within," a new book on the Rohingya crisis in Myanmar, explains the historical background to the persecution of the Muslim Rohingya minority and gives a first-hand account of the terrible situation now. Has democracy been good for Burma? Will some Rohingya refugees become Islamic extremists?
Nov 16, 2017
Trump, North Korea, China: War or Peace, with Gordon G. Chang
1:01:27
There is disturbing evidence that China is weaponizing North Korea, and it's time that Washington started asking Beijing some pointed questions, says Gordon Chang. The fact is, the United States has overwhelming leverage over China--we just don't use it enough--and China has overwhelming leverage over North Korea. "These two points lead to one conclusion, and that is, we can, without the use of force, disarm North Korea."
Nov 15, 2017
Elizabeth Economy on China, Climate Change, and the Environment
47:56
How does climate change play into Xi Jinping's larger strategy for China's economy and its role on the global stage? Xi has a vision for addressing climate change and pollution; but how is it implemented in practice, especially in the hinterlands far from the rich coastal provinces? Elizabeth Economy is an expert on Chinese domestic and foreign policy, especially related to environmental matters. She explores these questions and more.
Nov 14, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: An Uncertain Ally: Turkey Under Erdoğan's Dictatorship with David L. Phillips
3:36
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Columbia's David Phillips discusses how Erdoğan's Turkey has turned from an important U.S. ally to a rogue regime. In this excerpt, Phillips asks pointed questions about the July 2016 coup, which led to Erdoğan cracking down and consolidating his power.
Nov 09, 2017
The Rise of Duterte in the Philippines, with Richard Heydarian
Duterte is part of an arc of populism in emerging market democracies such as Turkey and India, says author Haydarian, but unlike populist movements in developed economies, its main supporters are the rising middle class. This newly prosperous group demands better living conditions and is increasingly attracted to strongmen leaders like Duterte, "who promise overnight solutions to very complicated 21st-century problems."
Nov 09, 2017
Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides's Trap? with Graham Allison
1:10:56
Thucydides is not saying that the inevitable frictions between a rising power and a ruling one will always lead to war, says Allison. The danger is when "third-party actions become provocations to which one or the other feels obliged to react, to which the other primary actor feels obliged to respond, which then leads to a cascade, often dragging people where they do not want to go." Think North Korea.
Nov 08, 2017
Plutopia: Nuclear Families in Atomic Cities, with Kate Brown
40:45
Chernobyl is considered the greatest nuclear disaster of all time. But over decades America's Hanford plant and Russia's Mayak plant each issued almost four times the amount of radiation as Chernobyl. Historian Kate Brown explains that in the closed atomic cities serving these plutonium plants, "residents gave up their civil and biological rights for consumer rights." How does today's America mirror these segregated plutopias?
Nov 01, 2017
Democracy and Its Crisis, with A. C. Grayling
1:03:19
Representative democracy in the UK has been corrupted by the three B's, says Grayling: blackmail, bullying, and bribery. There are similar problems in the United States. To make things worse, covert persuasion tactics via social media are rampant. Yet we can still make representative democracy work, he says. We need transparency, breaking of the grip of the party machine, and control of the amount of money spent on elections.
Oct 31, 2017
False Dawn: Protest, Democracy, and Violence in the New Middle East, with Steven A. Cook
1:03:26
Half a decade after Arabs across the Middle East poured into the streets to demand change, hopes for democracy have disappeared in a maelstrom of violence and renewed state repression. How did things go so wrong so quickly across a wide range of regimes? What role can and should the United States play? Don't miss this conversation with Steven Cook, an expert on Arab and Turkish politics as well as U.S.-Middle East policy.
Oct 30, 2017
Miranda Massie on the Impacts of Climate Change and New York's Climate Museum
43:59
Hurricane Sandy was the catalyst that impelled Miranda Massie to quit her job as a civil rights lawyer and found the Climate Museum. "I think that climate change is THE equality and THE civil rights issue of the 21st century," she says. Why open this museum in New York and what does it hope to accomplish? Find out more in this interview that covers not only the multi-faceted impacts of climate change, but also what we can do about it.
Oct 23, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Ethics of Big Data with danah boyd
3:52
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Microsoft Research’s danah boyd discusses the ethical and political implications of big data and artificial intelligence. In this excerpt, boyd explains to journalist Stephanie Sy some of the disturbing issues that arise when machine learning and algorithms are used in the criminal justice system.
Oct 19, 2017
The Future of War: A History, with Lawrence Freedman
1:05:41
"Though most of the literature you will read on the future of war certainly talks about war as between regular armies, as proper fights, now with drones or with autonomous vehicles or robots or whatever, or even painless--cyber and so on--yet actually the reality of war is as it has always been: it is vicious, and it is nasty, and it kills the wrong people, and it does so in considerable numbers."
Oct 18, 2017
Liberals' Lament? A Conversation between Joel Rosenthal and Devin Stewart
26:25
Carnegie Council President Joel Rosenthal and Senior Fellow Devin Stewart discuss the challenges to liberalism, in the United States and on the international stage, and explain today's debates through a historical context. Have too many forgotten why and how the liberal order was put in place? Can liberals find solidarity in the face of adversity?
Oct 13, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Hope for a Sustainable Future with Steven Cohen
4:17
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Earth Institute executive director Steven Cohen offers hope for a sustainable future. In this excerpt, Cohen tells journalist Stephanie Sy that despite Trump’s decision to pull out of the Paris agreement, the momentum is on the side of America's businesses, states, cities, and civil society.
Oct 12, 2017
What the Qur'an Meant: And Why It Matters with Garry Wills
59:08
How can we engage with Muslims around the world without really understanding what they believe? On studying the Qur'an, religious scholar Garry Wills found that many of our perceptions of Islam are false or distorted. Most surprisingly, Islam is a very inclusive religion, more so than Judaism or Christianity. What's more, the Qur'an gives women more property rights than early Christian women had. Don't miss this important talk.
Oct 06, 2017
Free-Enterprise Solutions to Climate Change, with Bob Inglis
51:45
Republican politician Bob Inglis used to think that climate change was nonsense; but his son--and science--changed his mind. Today he advocates letting market forces do their work. "The thing to do is to make it apparent in the marketplace what the costs of energy are, and eliminate all the subsidies, and have a level playing field and a strong competition. If you do that, we can fix climate change. That is what needs to be done."
Oct 05, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Sea Power: The History and Geopolitics of the World's Oceans with James Stavridis
5:18
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, retired U.S. Navy Admiral James Stavridis discusses the history and geopolitics of the world’s oceans. In this excerpt, Stavridis discusses the vastness of the Pacific Ocean and its military and economic significance to the United States.
Oct 05, 2017
Fake News and Google with Daniel Sieberg
23:26
How much of a threat is fake news to the average citizen? What is Google doing to counteract its spread? Learn more with this conversation with Daniel Sieberg, co-founder of Google News Lab. Launched about three years ago, the News Lab is a small team of Google employees who collaborate with journalists and entrepreneurs around the world to use technology to strengthen digital storytelling and produce more in-depth reporting.
Oct 03, 2017
After Liberal Hegemony: The Advent of a Multiplex World Order with Amitav Acharya
48:12
The liberal order was never truly a global order, and we're not entering a multipolar era either, says Amitav Acharya. It's more accurate to call it a decentered, "multiplex" world, one where there are multiple consequential actors and complex global interdependence. Such a world is an unprecedented phenomenon and globalization will surely change. But it won't necessarily be a period of instability.
Oct 02, 2017
The Ordinary Virtues: Moral Order in a Divided World
1:23:40
To mark Carnegie Council's Centennial, Michael Ignatieff and team set out to discover what moral values people hold in common across nations. What he found was that while universal human rights may be the language of states and liberal elites, what resonate with most people are "ordinary virtues" practiced on a person-to-person basis, such as tolerance and forgiveness. He concludes that liberals most focus on strengthening these ordinary virtues.
Sep 29, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Soul of the First Amendment with Floyd Abrams
3:20
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, First Amendment lawyer Floyd Abrams discusses the exceptionalism of America’s free speech laws. In this excerpt, Abrams cites Donald Trump’s presidential campaign rhetoric to highlight different legal standards in speech in the United States, as compared to Europe.
Sep 28, 2017
Russian Media and Politics from Soviet Times to Putin, with Jonathan Sanders
1:16:12
Jonathan Sanders lived in Russia for a total of roughly 20 years, both as an academic researcher and as a journalist for CBS News, and has an insider's perspective on Russia and its people. He discusses the contradictions of Russian media under Putin--the "mass, crass" state-controlled media and the dissident material and rambunctious memes on RuTube--and shares personal stories of his connections with Yeltsin, Putin, and more.
Sep 22, 2017
The Once and Future Liberal: After Identity Politics with Mark Lilla
58:48
"Democrats/liberals need to understand how we lost our grip on the American imagination. Why is it that we are unable to project an image of the kind of country that we want to build together, a vision that would draw people together?" Mark Lilla blames identity politics and argues that the U.S. case offers a window on the crisis of democratic citizenship worldwide.
Sep 21, 2017
An Uncertain Ally: Turkey Under Erdoğan's Dictatorship with David L. Phillips
58:07
"We need to face the fact that Turkey under Erdoğan has become a rogue regime," declares David L. Phillips. It's a corrupt, repressive, Islamist dictatorship. The U.S. should no longer regard it as an ally, but as a strategic adversary.
Sep 20, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Ethics and Politics of the Refugee Crisis with James Traub
4:02
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, journalist James Traub discusses the ethical questions surrounding the refugee crisis in Western Europe. In this excerpt, Traub talks with journalist Stephanie Sy about his time in Sweden, the country’s generosity, and its difficulties in finding the literal space for tens of thousands of migrants.
Sep 14, 2017
From the White House to the World: Food, Health, and Climate Change, with Chef Sam Kass
59:24
Entrepreneur Sam Kass talks about his experiences as chef and senior policy nutrition advisor in the White House, including titbits about the Obamas, initiatives to improve schoolchildren's health, and the lunch he served to world leaders made up of food waste. (Pass the "landfill salad"!) He also discusses the links between climate change and food, healthy eating, and hunger in the U.S. and abroad.
Sep 14, 2017
The Risks and Rewards of Big Data, Algorithms, and Machine Learning, with danah boyd
54:44
How do we analyze vast swaths of data and who decides what to collect? For example, big data may help us cure cancer, but the choice of data collected for police work or hiring may have built-in biases, explains danah boyd. "All the technology is trying to do is say, 'What can we find of good qualities in the past and try to amplify them in the future?' It's always trying to amplify the past. So when the past is flawed, it will amplify that."
Sep 12, 2017
North Korea: A Conversation between Joel Rosenthal and Devin Stewart
23:30
Carnegie Council President Joel Rosenthal and Senior Fellow Devin Stewart discuss the tense North Korea situation. What does Kim Jong-un want? How should the United States respond? What would the "enlightened realist" do?
Sep 08, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Nuclear Necessity Principle with Scott D. Sagan
3:53
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Stanford’s Scott Sagan discusses an ethical approach to America’s nuclear weapon policy. In this excerpt, Sagan talks with journalist Randall Pinkston about the changing role of civilians with regards to control of the U.S. nuclear arsenal.
Sep 07, 2017
The Driver in the Driverless Car with Vivek Wadhwa
19:44
What are the social and ethical implications of new technologies such as widespread automation and gene editing? These innovations are no longer in the realm of science fiction, says entrepreneur and technology writer Vivek Wadhwa. They are coming closer and closer. We need to educate people about them and then come together and and have probing and honest discussions on what is good and what is bad.
Sep 06, 2017
The Trump Effect in Japan with Robert Dujarric
34:21
"When you have a president like Trump, you do have to ask yourself: 'What will the United States look like in five years or in ten years?' A strong United States is what the government of Japan wants. In that sense, Trump is a threat. It is one that not all, but I feel a lot of Japanese analysts, are oblivious to. And second, what can they do? The answer is they can't do anything."
Sep 05, 2017
Making Ethics Matter in 2017
4:16
"Ethics will be found in people of good will who believe in constructive responses to hard policy challenges. Ethics will be demonstrated by those who are willing to take a stand in defense of the core values of pluralism, rights, and fairness. Ethics will be invigorated by dialogue based on empirical knowledge, mutual respect, and equal regard for others. Carnegie Council will always be a home for these people and their voices."
Sep 05, 2017
Heidi Grant on U.S. Air Force Global Partnerships
20:38
George Washington understood that building capable partners during peacetime can actually prevent war, says Heidi Grant. She is deputy under secretary of the Air Force, International Affairs, an organization which works with over a hundred countries to address shared security challenges. This includes selling them military equipment and increasing their capability to conduct their own ISR: intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
Aug 30, 2017
Joshua Eisenman on "Chinese National Socialism"
34:05
Under Xi Jinping, China is stepping up a crackdown on freedom of expression, including in universities, reports China expert Joshua Eisenman. Is this the beginning of a new Cultural Revolution, as some people fear? If so, we need to understand that this time it will be a Cultural Revolution of the political right, not the left, says Eisenman. "The tactics that they're using are neo-Maoist tactics, but the ideas are neo-fascist."
Aug 17, 2017
Scott Kennedy of CSIS: Worst Case Scenarios for China's Economy
14:39
After four decades of stellar growth, where is China's economy headed today? "In the last few years not only has the economy slowed down, but the government's commitment to economic liberalization has waned," warns Scott Kennedy, an expert on China's economy.
Aug 15, 2017
Stratfor's Rodger Baker on the Rebalancing of World Politics and Asia
14:22
"I think the biggest impact of Donald Trump's presidency, particularly in Asia-Pacific, has been the concept of uncertainty," says Baker, citing the lack of a clear and concise policy from the administration. "Uncertainty, if the United States were just a small peripheral country, is manageable; uncertainty when the United States is such a large and impactful country becomes very difficult to manage."
Aug 10, 2017
Ziad Haider: U.S.-Asia Economic Ties Under Trump
27:17
In this post-TPP world where the U.S. has taken a step back from Asia, the vacuum is being filled by China's initiatives, such as the One Belt One Road, says Ziad Haider, former State Department special representative for commercial and business affairs. Nevertheless, we shouldn't fall into the narrative of "The United States and China are locked into competition." China's actions also offer opportunities for the U.S.
Aug 08, 2017
Scott D. Sagan on the Nuclear Necessity Principle
45:26
Major changes must be made if U.S. nuclear war plans are to conform to the principles of just war doctrine and the law of armed conflict, declares Stanford University's Scott Sagan. He proposes a new doctrine: "the nuclear necessity principle." In sum, the U.S. will not use nuclear weapons against any target that could be reliably destroyed by conventional means.
Aug 04, 2017
Michele Wucker on when the Gray Rhino Hits Asia
24:55
Michele Wucker describes a gray rhino as the "love child of the black swan and the elephant in the room." In other words, "it's a metaphor for the big, obvious thing that's coming at you that you've got a choice to deal with or not." Why has this concept struck such a chord in China, Taiwan, and Korea, while Americans tend to be more in denial about their gray rhinos?
Aug 03, 2017
Amnesty International's Sarah Jackson on the Crisis in South Sudan
29:14
Since South Sudan's civil war broke out in late 2013, soldiers on both sides have been using rape and other forms of sexual violence on a massive scale as a weapon of war, says Amnesty International's Sarah Jackson. The resulting refugee crisis is putting a severe strain on neighboring Uganda, a country with one of the most generous refugee policies in the world. What is at the root of this violence? How can governments and NGOs help?
Aug 02, 2017
George Friedman: The End of the International Order and the Future of Asia
25:46
Tired of conventional wisdom? Check out geopolitical forecaster George Friedman. The period that began at the end of World War II was a freak, he says. "We're returning to a more normal structure in which the nation-state is dominant, international trade is intense but managed by states for their own benefit, and where this idea that the nation-state is obsolete goes away." And find out why he's bullish on Japan and thinks we overestimate China.
Aug 01, 2017
Meredith Sumpter: The "G-Zero" World Hits Asia
17:15
"First and foremost, a G-zero is a world in which no one country has dominant power or can influence the international system of governance," explains political risk expert Meredith Sumpter. "We are amidst a transition to a multipolar world, a world that is marked by the relative rise and power of other countries, even while the United States continues to be the most powerful country."
Jul 27, 2017
General Donald Bolduc on the U.S. War in Afghanistan
29:36
In this inspiring interview, Brig. Gen. Bolduc discusses his time in Afghanistan and his assessment of the situation there as well as in Africa, where he was in charge of countering violent extremism. He also reveals his experiences with PTSD, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and multiple other physical injuries, explaining how he finally got help and how he is working hard to help others with the same issues.
Jul 25, 2017
Alexander Klimburg on "The Darkening Web: The War for Cyberspace"
17:12
In the West we view cyber threats as largely a technical issue, while in Russia and China they see it in terms of propaganda, information control, and influencing their domestic affairs, says Alex Klimburg. When we confuse these two narratives, we risk missing other nations' key strategies to push the Internet in unwanted directions. Indeed, almost without realizing it, we are contributing to something approaching an arms race in cyber.
Jul 21, 2017
Graham Allison on "Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s Trap?"
21:35
Thucydides's Trap is the dangerous dynamic that occurs when a rising power threatens to displace a ruling power, explains Harvard's Graham Allison. So is war between China and the United States inevitable? No, says Allison, but both nations will have to make "painful adaptations and adjustments" to avoid it, starting with U.S. policy adjustments regarding the South China Sea and the Korean Peninsula.
Jul 20, 2017
Isaac Stone Fish: Facts and Fiction on North Korea
28:37
Asia Society's Isaac Stone Fish is working on a novel set in Pyongyang, but he's also looking for the truth in the "world's most opaque country." Why does he think the North Koreans are acting rationally? What are the possible outcomes if tensions continue to rise between Kim and Trump?
Jul 18, 2017
Mira Rapp-Hooper on "Subcontracting" U.S. Policy Toward Asia
19:03
The U.S. and China have fundamentally different priorities regarding the Korean Peninsula, explains Asia expert Rapp-Hooper. "So, by subcontracting North Korea policy to China," she says, "I think the United States is evincing some amount of naïveté on how far Beijing is likely to actually be willing to go."
Jul 13, 2017
Pankaj Ghemawat on Global Strategy in the Age of Brexit and Trump
19:30
How should companies strategize in the age of "Brump" (shorthand for Brexit and Trump)? Should they think locally rather than globally? Are trade wars inevitable, and if so, how will they affect countries large and small? Don't miss this analysis from economist Pankaj Ghemawat.
Jul 12, 2017
Conversation with Raymond Kuo: Can Trump be a Bismarck in Asia?
28:34
"This has happened before where we've had a great power who is essentially the leader of the international system taking a transactional approach. The closest example would be maybe Bismarck in the 1870s until the eve of World War I. There it worked quite well. . . . The drawbacks of this, of course, are that it is highly unstable."
Jul 11, 2017
The Earth Institute's Steven Cohen Offers Hope for a Sustainable Future
46:59
"I still believe that we're heading toward a renewable resource-based economy. I think that it's inevitable," declares Steven Cohen. How will we get there? A combination of market forces as renewables become cheaper, better technology, and the sharing economy.
Jul 10, 2017
Tom Nichols on the Death of Expertise
27:54
Across the world today, there is active hostility towards experts, says Tom Nichols of the U.S. Naval War College, and this is a very dangerous trend. Donald Trump didn't create this, but he certainly weaponized it politically, just as Brexiteers did in the UK.
Jul 06, 2017
Amitai Etzioni on Avoiding War with China
23:13
The result of a war with China? "At best we have to spend hundreds of billions of dollars on weapons nobody will use which are badly in need of nation building at home; at worst, we get into a war with a major power that has nuclear weapons."
Jun 29, 2017
Ali Wyne on the Risks of U.S. Disengagement from Asia
38:51
"Unless we are able to overcome our strategic attention deficit disorder for lack of a better phrase, and unless we are able to not only compete anew economically in the region, but also shape a constructive economic agenda in the region, I fear that that perception of American disengagement will only intensify," says Atlantic Council Fellow Ali Wyne.
Jun 27, 2017
Soldiers and Civilization: How the Profession of Arms Thought and Fought the Modern World into Existence
34:49
The soldier "is at once the most and the least civilized of persons," says Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Reed Bonadonna. In this thoughtful conversation, he discusses his new book; military ethics through the ages; and the relationship between the army, the state, and the culture at large, both past and present.
Jun 23, 2017
Waleed Alhariri on the U.S. Covert Use of Lethal Force, and the Crisis in Yemen
24:50
Waleed Alhariri of the Sana'a Center for Strategic Studies discusses the Center's new report on U.S. covert attacks against al Qaeda and other radical groups in Pakistan, Somalia, and Yemen. He then focuses on Yemen, a nation suffering from internal conflict, intervention by a Saudi-led coalition, and a cholera epidemic. Humanitarian assistance is sorely needed, says Alhariri and explains what the general public can do to help.
Jun 21, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Connecting Ethics, the Environment, and Economics with Shalini Kantayya
4:18
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, filmmaker Shalini Kantayya discusses her film "Catching the Sun" and the growing renewable energy industry in America. In this excerpt, Kantayya talks with journalist Stephanie Sy about the positive effect that solar power can have on the middle class in both red states and blue states.
Jun 15, 2017
Yvonne Terlingen on the UN Secretary-General Selection Process
32:16
Until very recently, the United Nations selected its secretary-general entirely behind closed doors. Yvonne Terlingen, of the 1 for 7 Billion Find the Best UN Leader campaign, explains how the system has been made much more transparent and democratic: for example, candidates' names and resumes are promptly made available, women are encouraged to apply, and there is even some civil society participation in the process.
Jun 13, 2017
Sea Power: The History and Geopolitics of the World's Oceans
28:27
"Oceans dominate the world," says Admiral Stavridis. After all, 70 percent of the globe is covered by water. In this masterly overview of the seven seas, he touches on the maritime battles that changed history; current geopolitics from the South China Sea to the Mediterranean; and the fact that environmentally, the oceans are "the largest crime scene in the world."
Jun 12, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Intersection of Religion, Identity, and Peacemaking with Rev. Robert Chase
3:25
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Revered Robert Chase discusses his work with Intersections International, bringing people together across lines of difference. In this excerpt, Reverend Chase tells journalist Randall Pinkston how Barack Obama helped to inspire the founding of Intersections.
Jun 08, 2017
James Traub on Immigrants and Refugees
50:17
What happens when Sweden, one of the most welcoming countries on Earth for migrants, simply runs out of beds? What are the unpleasant (and politically incorrect) truths about the difficulties of assimilation in Europe? How can we have honest policy discussions about this? Author James Traub has been spending time in Sweden, France, and Germany and has given these sensitive issues much thought. Don't miss his unflinching analysis.
Jun 08, 2017
Shades of Red and Blue: The Next Generation of Leaders: Better Politics for A Better Future
1:01:54
This discussion brings together some of the brightest minds of the next generation of leaders and places them in the crucible of an imagined future that will test their thinking about the world vision they want to work towards.
Jun 07, 2017
The Soul of the First Amendment
1:05:14
In this timely event, Floyd Abrams, a noted lawyer and award-winning legal scholar specializing in First Amendment issues, examines the degree to which American law protects free speech more often, more intensely, and more controversially than is the case anywhere else in the world, including democratic nations such as Canada and England.
Jun 05, 2017
The U.S. Navy's View on Security in Asia and Beyond
32:20
Carnegie Council's Devin Stewart talks with Admiral John Richardson, the U.S. Navy's most senior-ranking officer. Topics include strategy; the security challenges the Navy faces today, focusing particularly on the Pacific; and the need for a bigger Navy. Admiral Richardson also discusses the Navy's core values: honor, courage and commitment.
Jun 02, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Toward Democracy with James T. Kloppenberg
4:43
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Harvard professor James T. Kloppenberg discusses the violent history of self-rule in Europe and the United States. In this excerpt, Kloppenberg explains the connection between Europe’s wars of religion in the 16th and 17th centuries and democracy in early America.
Jun 01, 2017
Shades of Red and Blue: Race, Religion, and Immigration
1:01:09
Diversity is a strength in some societies. In others, it is a source of unresolved tension that can erupt into fear, hatred, and violence. Hear from Lee C. Bollinger, Jelani Cobb, Paola Mendoza, Derryck Green, and Jhoshan Jothilingam. This program is part of the Shades of Red and Blue series, presented by The Ethics Centre, and co-sponsored by the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs and Bard Globalization and International Affairs program. This program was recorded on April 1, 2017.
May 31, 2017
Shades of Red and Blue: The Problem of Strangers
59:54
The hardening of America's borders is an essential part of Trump's agenda. But will this make the United States a safer and more prosperous nation? Hear from Jamil Dakwar, Sana Mustafa, Yael Eiesenstat, Oz Sultan, and Chadwick Moore. This program is part of the Shades of Red and Blue series, presented by The Ethics Centre, and co-sponsored by the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs and Bard Globalization and International Affairs program. This program was recorded on April 1, 2017.
May 25, 2017
Asha Castleberry on Trump's Generals and the Fight Against ISIS
24:06
Asha Castleberry, Fordham professor and U.S. Army veteran, gives detailed updates of the campaigns against ISIS in Mosul and Raqqa and the endlessly complicated Syrian Civil War. She also discusses the ups and downs of Trump's strategy in the Middle East and the influence of Secretary Mattis and National Security Advisor McMaster.
May 24, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Homo Deus with Yuval Noah Harari
4:58
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, best-selling author Yuval Noah Harari discusses the ethical implications of the next phase of human development. In this excerpt, Harari explains how new technologies and intelligent design will have unintended consequences.
May 18, 2017
Crisis of the Liberal Order
59:53
What explains the global resurgence of populism and the rise of political actors on the right? And what are the effects on longstanding alliances, international institutions, and accepted norms? Don't miss this lively conversation with Leon Botstein, president of Bard College, and international affairs expert Walter Russell Mead.
May 18, 2017
Shades of Red and Blue: State of the Union
1:01:57
When the Nixon administration fell into a chasm of disgrace, many felt that not only the Republican Party had been tarnished, but the presidency itself. Yet, the "ship of state" remained on an even keel. Can America still govern itself effectively? Hear from John W. Dean, Hendrik Hertzberg, and John Podhoretz. This program is part of the Shades of Red and Blue series, presented by The Ethics Centre, and co-sponsored by the Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs and Bard Globalization and International Affairs program. This program was recorded on April 1, 2017.
May 17, 2017
Terror in France: The Rise of Jihad in the West
1:10:05
From January 2015 to July 2016, 239 people in France died in terrorist attacks. In this gripping talk, leading French scholar Gilles Kepel explains the causes behind this new wave of violent jihad and discusses why Europe is the main target.
May 12, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: China's Role in the World with Orville Schell
3:29
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Asia Society's Orville Schell discusses liberalism's decline, China-U.S. relations, and Xi Jinping's worldview. In this excerpt, Schell talks with journalist Stephanie Sy about his own background and how that has shaped his thinking on human rights in China.
May 11, 2017
Shades of Red and Blue: Global Security
1:01:20
For more than half a century, the United States has shouldered a disproportionate share of global security burdens. As China rises and Russia reasserts its place in the world, can America control its destiny? Hear from Thomas N. Nichols, Anne-Marie Slaughter, Elmira Bayrasli, Walter Russell Mead, and James Ketterer. This program is part of the Shades of Red and Blue series, presented by The Ethics Centre, and co-sponsored by Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs and Bard Globalization and International Affairs Program.
May 10, 2017
#Republic: Divided Democracy in the Age of Social Media
1:02:00
How is today's Internet driving political fragmentation, polarization, and even extremism—and what can be done about it? Legal scholar Cass Sunstein shares the results of his research.
May 09, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Cultural Relations and their Effects on Politics and Economics with J. P. Singh
3:54
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, J. P. Singh, director of the Institute for International Cultural Relations, discusses how culture affects all aspects of society. In this excerpt, Singh talks with journalist Randall Pinkston about how organizations like his can defend liberal values in these challenging times.
May 04, 2017
Shades of Red and Blue: Fake News, Free Speech, and the Media
59:35
All democracies have one thing in common: a need for legitimacy, which is ultimately derived from the free and informed consent of the people. This program is part of the Shades of Red and Blue series, presented by The Ethics Centre, and co-sponsored by Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs and Bard Globalization and International Affairs Program. It features Salman Rushdie, Leon Botstein, Matthew Continetti, Mollie Ziegler Hemingway, and Lachlan Markay.
May 04, 2017
Limiting Civilian Casualties as Part of a Winning Strategy
41:03
"Limiting civilian casualties is always morally and ethically the right thing to do," declares Joseph Felter, speaking from both his research and personal military experience. "But in some situations, it is also part of winning."
May 03, 2017
The Coming War with China? The Ethics of Confrontation in the Pacific
1:06:52
Are the United States and China on the brink of war? Can the two nations avoid miscalculation and instead find common ground? Find out what this expert panel has to say.
May 02, 2017
Democracy and the Deep State in Myanmar
45:18
In this fascinating interview, Maureen Aung-Thwin, founder of the Burma Project at Open Society Foundations, describes how the Project helped Burma's transition to democracy starting in 1993, and what the situation is today. Our aim was to put ourselves out of a job, says Aung-Thwin, and you could say we succeeded--but there's still a lot of work to do.
Apr 26, 2017
The Intersection of Religion, Identity, and Peacemaking with Rev. Robert Chase
46:55
Rev. Robert Chase has spent 10 years as director of Intersections International, working "to bring disparate groups together in search of peaceful and socially just resolution to long-held conflicts." In this wide-ranging talk, he discusses his time in Pakistan and Kazakhstan, working with New York's Muslim community, and how then-Senator Obama inspired him in 2004.
Apr 20, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: A Conversation on Scholars at Risk with Robert Quinn
3:32
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Scholars at Risk executive director Robert Quinn discusses how his organization is helping professors and students around the world. In this excerpt, Quinn tells journalist Stephanie Sy the inspiring story of a human rights researcher from Afghanistan who was saved by the program.
Apr 20, 2017
A Conversation on Statelessness with Kristy A. Belton
50:36
There are over 10 million stateless people around the world, says researcher Kristy A. Belton, with, often, limited access to banking, education, health care, and countless other services. What does this situation look like in the Dominican Republic and Haiti? How can civil society and the world's "citizens" help to address this problem?
Apr 19, 2017
Easternization: Asia's Rise and America's Decline from Obama to Trump and Beyond
1:01:46
"Financial Times" chief foreign affairs commentator Gideon Rachman says, "We've reached the point where the West's grip on world affairs begins to loosen." China's economic rise is, indeed, a big reason for this shift, but how do Brexit, Crimea, and "red lines" fit into the story? What will be the effect on Southeast Asia, Australia, and Africa?
Apr 18, 2017
Megatech: Technology in 2050
18:16
In this insightful interview, "Economist" executive editor Daniel Franklin discusses driverless cars, gene-editing, artificial intelligence, and much more. Are we entering an "accelerando" stage of technological change? And what are the ethical implications?
Apr 17, 2017
Local Politics and Criminal Justice Reform with Mohammed Alam
20:04
With his roles at Center for Court Innovation, focusing on criminal justice reform, and with the Young Democrats, working to find the next generation of progressive New York politicians, Mohammed Alam is at the center of some of America's most pressing debates. As the federal government goes in a different direction, what can be done at the local level?
Apr 13, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Threats to Liberal Democracy with Alexander Görlach
3:16
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Harvard’s Alexander Görlach discusses the rise of populism, fake news, and other threats to liberal democracy around the world. In this excerpt, journalist Stephanie Sy talks with Görlach about how his upbringing in Germany influenced his worldview.
Apr 13, 2017
Toward Democracy: The Struggle for Self-Rule in European and American Thought
1:06:25
"Democracy begins in bloodshed and it comes to life only through conflict," says Harvard's James T. Kloppenberg in this masterful talk. How have the French Revolution and civil wars in England and America "poisoned the ethic of reciprocity on which democracy depends"? Why is this so important in 2017?
Apr 12, 2017
"In Cambodia, 'democracy' is just a term . . ."
20:33
Phnom Penh-based human rights lawyer Sophorn Sek discusses the state of his nation's governance in this eye-opening interview. From corruption and nepotism to suspicious murders of government critics to tension over the role of China, Cambodia is facing a challenging time.
Apr 11, 2017
Protestants: The Faith that Made the Modern World
24:48
Understanding Protestantism is fundamental to understanding the modern world, says Professor Alec Ryrie. It has shaped democratic liberalism, capitalism, limited government, the notion of free inquiry, and continues to gain converts all over the world. How did this all blossom from Martin Luther's "Ninety-five Theses" 500 years ago?
Apr 07, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Populist Explosion with John Judis
3:44
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, journalist John Judis discusses the past and present of populism, in Europe and the United States. In this excerpt, Judis details the recent history of this political movement in America, from George Wallace and the racist segregationists in the late ‘60s to Trump and the Tea Party in 2016.
Apr 06, 2017
A Question of Order: India, Turkey, and the Return of Strongmen
25:16
Journalist Basharat Peer recounts the rise of two strongmen: Erdogan in Turkey and Modi in India. What they have in common "is a lack of concern or respect for all liberal democratic values, whether it's rule of law, dissent, freedom of expression, or the rights of minorities."
Apr 05, 2017
Nuclear War with North Korea?
24:45
The North Koreans are not crazy, says Korea scholar Joel S. Wit. They have valid reasons for feeling threatened and their nuclear strategy has actually paid off for them. So what are the U.S. options at this point?
Apr 04, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Europe's Last Chance with Guy Verhofstadt
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, former Belgian prime minister Guy Verhofstadt argues against populism and nationalism and for a stronger, more unified Europe. In this excerpt, Verhofstadt explains that the European public desires a strong federation and politicians should work to make it happen.
Mar 28, 2017
Duterte's Drug War and Human Rights in the Philippines and Southeast Asia
17:49
President Duterte has created a human rights calamity, says Phelim Kine of Human Rights Watch. In just over over eight months, 7,000 of the poorest, most marginalized Filipinos have been killed. What's needed is a UN special investigation. Without one, and without sustained exposure of these killings, things are only going to get worse.
Mar 27, 2017
The Lockerbie Bombing: The Search for Justice
1:07:54
In 1988, a bomb detonated on Pan Am 103, killing all on board and devastating the Scottish town of Lockerbie. A Libyan was convicted of the crime. His subsequent release from prison and deportation to Libya caused an international controversy. Kenny MacAskill explains his decision to release him and the complex intrigues involved in this case.
Mar 24, 2017
Teaching Ethics at the Coast Guard Academy with Lt. Tony Gregg
17:48
Lt. Tony Gregg is an active-duty officer and instructor of moral and ethical philosophy for the Coast Guard Academy. In this talk, he discusses his path to his current role, how ethics is intertwined with the mission of the Coast Guard, and why his students surprise him.
Mar 23, 2017
The Gene Machine: How Genetic Technologies are Changing the Way We Have Kids—and the Kids We Have
20:59
Scientists already have the ability to edit genes to treat hereditary diseases, and to screen in vitro embyros for such diseases. Where will these evolving technologies lead and what are the ethical issues involved? For example, will "designer babies" increase the already growing divide between rich and poor? How do we regulate this new frontier?
Mar 23, 2017
Indonesia's Jihadists, and the Rise of Female Terrorists
28:16
Indonesia is sometimes described as "the smiling face of Islam," but the reality is much more complex. Naraniyah explains the shifting landscape of Indonesian Islamic extremist groups, and notes that women are playing an increasingly important role, many of them inspired by images on social media of female ISIS supporters around the world.
Mar 22, 2017
Orville Schell on China's Role in the World
43:06
Orville Schell has been reporting on China since 1970. In this wide-ranging and insightful conversation he looks at China and the U.S. exit from TPP; North Korea; the South China Sea; China's values system (or lack of one); human rights; climate change; and more.
Mar 21, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Thank You for Being Late with Thomas L. Friedman
2:51
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, "New York Times" columnist Thomas L. Friedman discusses his optimism as society and humanity change exponentially. In this excerpt, Friedman details the three accelerations that are radically reshaping the way we live.
Mar 16, 2017
Trump and the Intelligence Community: The View from a Former CIA Analyst
28:44
Eisenstat spent most of her government career in the background, but Trump's unorthodox CIA address convinced her to add to the public discourse in "a calm and credible way." In this talk, she discusses her powerful "New York Times" editorial, the dangers of an executive/intelligence community rift, and why this is a complicated time for government employees.
Mar 13, 2017
Breaking Barriers: The Air Force and the Future of Cyberpower
1:03:47
The Air Force is heading America's efforts to modernize and secure its digital infrastructure and incorporate cyberspace into every aspect of its operations. Learn more in this talk with Lt. Gen. Bender, the Air Force's chief information officer and the leader of nearly 55,000 cyber operators.
Mar 13, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Future of Journalism with Charles Sennott
3:10
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, the GroundTruth Project's Charles Sennott discusses the future of journalism. In this excerpt, Sennott talks to journalist Stephanie Sy about the important role that journalism played at another divisive point in recent American history.
Mar 09, 2017
Pankaj Mishra on our "Age of Anger"
15:53
"I think the reason why so many people feel angry and disaffected is that too much has been promised to them in recent decades and the globalized economy has not delivered to large numbers of people on these promises," says Pankaj Mishra, in this discussion about his very timely book, "Age of Anger: A History of the Present." 
Mar 08, 2017
Human Rights Narratives and Active Resistance, with Sujata Gadka-Wilcox
41:24
Gadkar-Wilcox says that when it comes to human rights, we need to ask more questions about systems and origins. This is especially important now, as Americans confront a powerful executive branch pushing simplistic narratives and "alternative facts." What are the responsibilities of individuals? How can we start these challenging discussions?
Mar 03, 2017
A World in Disarray: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis of the Old Order
1:02:36
Concerned about where the world is heading? Don't miss this measured and comprehensive overview from Richard Haas, in which he lays out the global situation facing President Trump and what may lie ahead. Topics include the Middle East, Europe, Asia, Russia, NATO, the UN, and the main factor behind job losses.
Mar 03, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Against Empathy: The Case for Rational Compassion with Paul Bloom
2:19
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Yale professor Paul Bloom makes a passionate argument for rational compassion and against empathy. In this excerpt, Bloom discusses how empathy can be dangerously exploited in the name of nationalism and for political gain.
Mar 02, 2017
Cultural Relations and their Effects on Politics and Economics
42:28
J. P. Singh describes himself as working at the intersection of culture and political economy, examining how ways of life and their symbolic representations bleed over into politics and economics. This discussion ranges from cultural politics in the U.S. and the UK, to Singh's book "Sweet Talk" on post-colonialism paternalism in trade deals, and more.
Mar 02, 2017
Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow
57:15
Soon, humankind may be able to replace natural selection with intelligent design and to create the first inorganic lifeforms, says Yuval Noah Harari. If so, this will be the greatest revolution since life began. But what are the dangers, and are they avoidable?
Feb 27, 2017
A "Chaotic" White House, and the U.S. Role in Asia and the World
21:48
In this outspoken and thoughtful interview, former State Department adviser Eliot Cohen expresses his dismay at the "chaotic and very badly run administration" and discusses the threats from China and North Korea, the role of the U.S. in the world, and the different approaches to military strategy taken by the West (Clausewitz) and China (Sun Tzu).
Feb 23, 2017
Geoeconomics and Statecraft: Is China Outdoing the United States?
19:15
Co-author of "War by Other Means: Geoeconomics and Statecraft," Jennifer Harris defines geoeconomics as "the use of economic instruments to achieve specific geopolitical results." Why and how are the Chinese so good at this and how will Trump do? While the verdict is still out, says Harris, "Trump's instincts run exactly 180 degrees in the opposite direction."
Feb 23, 2017
Launch of Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative
1:27:12
C2G2 serves a vital purpose: connecting and mobilizing actors from many sectors of society to look at the very real possibilities of engineering the climate--a prospect which offers great potential but also great peril. This discussion tackles geoengineering from different perspectives, including those of scientists, the Red Cross, and Greenpeace.
Feb 22, 2017
Trump and the "Trilateral Relationship" in Northeast Asia
21:26
Asia expert and former Bush administration official Michael Green discusses the recent meeting between Trump and Abe and what may come of it, on trade in particular; the crucial trilateral alliance between the U.S., Japan, and South Korea; and finally, he offers some advice for the Trump administration going forward.
Feb 22, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Kumi Naidoo on Human Rights and the Impact of Climate Change
2:47
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, former Greenpeace executive Kumi Naidoo discusses his life of activism, from fighting apartheid in South Africa to his focus on the environment. In this excerpt, Naidoo tells journalist Randall Pinkston why he sees the fight against climate change as part of the worldwide struggle for human rights.
Feb 16, 2017
Data for the People: How to Make our Post-Privacy Economy Work for You
22:01
"I want people to be empowered by the data they create and not to be stifled by the data they create," says Andreas Weigend, one of the world's top experts on the future of big data, social mobile technologies, and consumer behavior. Learn more about this important issue, which affects us all.
Feb 15, 2017
Alexander Görlach on Threats to Liberal Democracy
52:23
In this wide-ranging and lively discussion, Alexander Görlach, founder of the debate magazine "The European," tackles the rise of populism and the far right in Europe, Brexit, the results of the U.S. election, the refugee crisis, and more.
Feb 14, 2017
A Conversation with Robert Quinn on Scholars at Risk
46:42
Scholars at Risk provides temporary teaching positions and advisory services to hundreds of threatened scholars around the world. Quinn describes how its caseload has doubled recently, largely because of Syria and Turkey. He also discusses challenges for U.S. colleges, from fake news, to Trump's immigration policies, to free speech on campuses.
Feb 13, 2017
The Global Phenomenon of #GivingTuesday
16:58
Jessica Schneider, of the Belfer Center for Innovation and Social Impact at the 92nd Street Y in New York City, explains how and her team were responsible for spawning the global phenomenon of #GivingTuesday. Created in response to the annual shopping frenzy of "Cyber Monday," this day of charitable giving has been a success right from the start.
Feb 13, 2017
The Secret War in Laos and the Role of the CIA
23:54
Josh Kurlantzick, author of a new book on the U.S. secret war in Laos from 1961-73, notes that the war was responsible for greatly increasing the power of the CIA. "Today the CIA, together with Special Forces, has become the tip of the spear in the U.S. war on terror," he continues, and it's very unlikely that it will be "de-fanged" under the new administration.
Feb 10, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Powerplay: The Origins of the American Alliance System in Asia with Victor Cha
4:11
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Georgetown's Victor Cha discusses the complex relationships America has with its East Asian allies. In this excerpt, Cha says that a dangerous environment in post-World War II Asia, in part, led to an American powerplay, rather than a more inclusive institution.
Feb 10, 2017
Former U.S. Ambassador to Myanmar Reflects on the Democratic Transition
21:27
What were Myanmar's major challenges during its transition to democracy--and indeed to this day? What was the U.S. role in the transition? What is the situation with the Rohingya minority? How will the Trump administration approach Myanmar, and Southeast Asia in general? For answers, don't miss this discussion with Ambassador Mitchell.
Feb 08, 2017
Trump in Asia: Back to the Future?
22:50
In many ways, we're back to the future of reassuring every friend and ally--and adversary--that U.S. constancy is there, says Chris Nelson. In some sense, that's the case for every new administration. But the difference this time is that during the campaign Trump "did not present well" as far as Asian observers, especially Republicans, were concerned.
Feb 08, 2017
Sensible Advice for Trump's Asia Policy
33:59
"Hopefully, 'America First' really means peace through strength; it means putting our economy and our economic policy at the forefront of our strategy; it means staying strong but using our force in only the most judicious manner." Asia-Pacific security expert Patrick Cronin analyzes the situation in Asia and offers practical advice for the new administration.
Feb 07, 2017
The Populist Explosion: How the Great Recession Transformed American and European Politics
1:01:42
How exactly should we define populism?  What led to its current resurgence in Europe and the United States, on both the right and the left?  And in particular, how can we explain the Trump phenomenon? For answers, don't miss this fascinating discussion with author and journalist John Judis.
Feb 06, 2017
Freedom of Expression in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Beyond
26:51
Freelance journalist Ismail Einashe sees a dangerous backsliding of democracy and free media in sub-Saharan Africa, alongside an increase in Internet access and the influence of foreign media organizations. Two weeks into the new administration, are there parallels in the United States?
Feb 03, 2017
Shalini Kantayya: The Intersection of Ethics, the Environment, & Economics
48:53
"I think we as a movement have not done a good job of making climate change a kitchen-table issue, of making this an economic issue for working families, and that is what it is. This is about taking money from the 1 percent and putting it in the hands of the many," says filmmaker Shalini Kantayya.
Feb 02, 2017
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Islamic Exceptionalism with Shadi Hamid
2:47
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Brookings Institution’s Shadi Hamid discusses the exceptionalism of Islam and what that means for law and governance. In this excerpt, Hamid tells a story to illustrate the degree to which Islamic history still resonates today.
Feb 02, 2017
Europe's Last Chance: Why the European States Must Form a More Perfect Union
1:02:10
To avoid disaster, the EU needs to become a real federation, argues Guy Verhofstadt. "That means a small, real European government controlled by two bodies, a parliament representing the citizens and a senate representing the Member States, with a real budget, with a defense union--with everything that is needed to make the Union more effective."
Jan 27, 2017
Instability on the Korean Peninsula and the Trump Administration
25:43
North Korea is one of the most serious security risks facing the new U.S. administration and South Korea has a political vacuum at the top after impeaching its president. What are the possible scenarios over the next few years? Don't miss this in-depth conversation with Devin Stewart and Korea expert Scott Snyder.
Jan 25, 2017
Will Trump be a "Madman" in Asia?
30:06
Are there advantages to Trump being seen as an unpredictable "madman" when dealing with Asia, as Nixon was once described in relation to Vietnam? Or will it just make things worse? Devin Stewart discusses Trump's potential foreign policy approaches to Asia with former State Department official Daniel Markey.
Jan 23, 2017
Thank You for Being Late: An Optimist's Guide to Thriving in the Age of Accelerations
1:00:10
From massive leaps in technology to ever-increasing globalization to the acceleration of climate change, workplace, politics, geopolitics, and ethics are all going through tectonic shifts. Why is this happening? Why was 2007 such a turning point and what's next? Thomas Friedman makes sense of it all, and offers hope going forward.
Jan 12, 2017
Top Risks and Ethical Decisions 2017
31:25
The world is entering a geopolitical recession, i.e. an unwinding of the old global order, says political scientist Ian Bremmer, in his grimmest forecast ever. Topics include the potential challenges from a Trump administration, President Obama's legacy of a more fractured world, human rights in the Middle East, and the fate of liberalism.
Jan 10, 2017
Andreas Hatzigeorgiou on Global Cities, Migration, and Stockholm's Economy
28:28
Stockholm is now the fastest growing capital in Europe, and Andreas Hatzigeorgiou brings a useful international perspective to his position as chief economist at the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce. In this wide-ranging conversation he discusses Stockholm's enormous success as a tech hub, Sweden's immigration policies, and much more.
Dec 22, 2016
Indonesia's Growing Islamist Populism
25:26
November and December 2016 saw mass demonstrations in Jakarta, the largest protests in Indonesia's history. The demonstrators demanded that the city governor, an ethnic Chinese and a Christian, be prosecuted and then arrested for blasphemy against Islam. What are the forces behind these confrontations and what will be the consequences?
Dec 21, 2016
Women's Rights are Human Rights: Global Challenges to Reproductive Health
55:32
How will the Trump presidency affect women's rights, not only in the U.S. but around the world? Will the Sustainable Development Goals really succeed in improving women's health and reducing gender inequalities? Emotions run high on these issues. How can we find common ground? Don't miss this important discussion.
Dec 21, 2016
GroundTruth's Charles Sennott on the Future of Journalism
49:26
Despite all the challenges, right now is one of the most exciting moments for a new generation to redefine journalism, says Charles Sennott. The core goals of great journalism will never change--being there on the ground, giving voice to the voiceless--but the way we can push stories out through social media is extraordinary.
Dec 20, 2016
Against Empathy: The Case for Rational Compassion
55:26
We often think that empathy, our capacity "to feel someone's pain," is the ultimate source of goodness. Nothing could be farther from the truth, argues psychology professor Paul Bloom. Scientific studies show that empathy is a capricious and irrational emotion that can cloud people's judgement and even lead to violence and cruelty.
Dec 16, 2016
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Terrorism and "Rogue Justice" with Karen Greenberg
3:17
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Fordham Law's Karen Greenberg discusses ISIS in Europe and America and ways to counter violent extremism. In this excerpt, Greenberg, director of the Center on National Security at Fordham University School of Law, tells Stephanie Sy about trends that she sees among Americans convicted of trying to join terrorist groups.
Dec 15, 2016
A Conversation on Effective Altruism with Jennifer Rubenstein
49:32
The term effective altruism means that individuals should be sure to maximize the good they do, by donating to the most cost-effective charities, for example, rather than those that are simply emotionally satisfying. What are the promises and pitfalls of this approach? Find out more, with this thoughtful podcast.
Dec 15, 2016
Risks to U.S.-China Relations Under Trump
20:36
Where are U.S.-China relations right now and where are they headed? "I don't think we should give up hope in some way forward. But it's very tough, especially given what we know of the personalities of the two leaders involved," says China expert Wasserstrom. Going beyond the headlines, he provides valuable background information and insights.
Dec 15, 2016
Foreign Fighters, Homegrown Terrorism, and the Prevention of Violent Extremism
1:04:52
What are the driving forces behind the increase in homegrown terrorism and what can be done to stop it? Ali Soufan and Seamus Hughes, veterans in preventing violent extremism, explain the complexities and challenges of this global threat.
Dec 12, 2016
The Ethics and Governance of Geoengineering
37:43
The definition of geoengineering is "large-scale human intervention with the Earth in order to change the climate," says Janos Pasztor, and to manage the world's climate responsibly, we may have to consider deploying it someday. If we do, the most important issue will be governance: How do you decide how far to go? When do you start? When do you stop?
Dec 12, 2016
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Ethics and Governance of Geoengineering with Janos Pasztor
4:34
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Janos Pasztor, director of the Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Project, discusses new technology and our changing climate. In this clip, Pasztor, who is also senior advisor to the UN secretary-general on climate change, gives Stephanie Sy an introduction to geongineering.
Dec 08, 2016
Jamal Sowell on Leadership, Veterans, & Escaping the "Bubble"
25:10
"I want to do everything I can to make a difference on the Earth while I'm still here," says Jamal Sowell. Currently a fellow at Indiana University, he discusses his journey from shy boy to student body president, from U.S. Marine to the University of Florida's staff, and offers advice on how to serve, lead, and succeed.
Dec 06, 2016
Artificial Intelligence: What Everyone Needs to Know
57:48
We're asking the wrong questions about artificial intelligence, says AI expert Jerry Kaplan. Machines are not going to take over the world. They don't have emotions or creativity. They are just able to process large amounts of data and draw logical conclusions. These new technologies will bring tremendous advances--along with new ethical and practical issues.
Dec 05, 2016
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Pros, Cons, and Ethical Dilemmas of Artificial Intelligence with Wendell Wallach
3:49
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Yale University's Wendell Wallach discusses the ethics of artificial intelligence, touching on workplace automation, self-driving cars, and the future of war. In this excerpt, Wallach tells Stephanie Sy why he and many other experts are worried about lethal autonomous weapons, more commonly known as killer robots.
Dec 01, 2016
The Indispensable Role of Trust: A Conversation with Judge William Webster
34:13
Don't miss this candid conversation with Judge Webster, current chairman of the Homeland Security Advisory Council, and former director of both the CIA and the FBI, the only person to hold both these positions. He discusses James Comey's handling of Hillary Clinton's emails, covert operations such as Abscam, and much more.
Nov 29, 2016
A Conversation on Climate Change & Forced Displacement with David Sussman
27:41
Conflict and war are often talked about as main drivers of forced displacement, but researcher David Sussman also points to climate change and consumerism as major factors. How is this playing out in Latin America and the Pacific islands? And, in regards to these issues, what can we expect from the Trump administration?
Nov 18, 2016
Global Ethics Forum Preview: A Conversation with Krista Tippett on Becoming Wise
4:11
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Krista Tippett, host of radio program "On Being," talks religion, politics, and how to build a more hopeful future. In this excerpt, Tippett and Stephanie Sy discusses the importance of channeling passion and conviction into meaningful dialogue in today's polarized world.
Nov 17, 2016
Perceptions of Muslims and Islam in the U.S. in Light of Trump's Victory
1:15:56
What will Trump's victory mean for American Muslims? How have attitudes towards them changed over the years? (The answer may surprise you.) How does this moment compare to the "Red Scare" of WWI and after? And how can U.S. Muslims counter any hate that may arise? Don't miss this enlightening discussion.
Nov 14, 2016
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Needs of Refugee Women and Children in the Global Humanitarian Crisis with Sarah Costa
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Women’s Refugee Commission executive director Sarah Costa, describes the tragedy of the migrant crisis. In this excerpt, Costa shares some shocking numbers about refugees, with a special focus on the hardships of women and children.
Nov 10, 2016
What is Populism?
21:28
There's a wave of populist leaders around the world right now, from Erdoğan to Trump. What defines a populist exactly, and why are they so dangerous? Learn more in this most timely interview.
Nov 07, 2016
Islamic Exceptionalism: How the Struggle over Islam Is Reshaping the World
1:00:26
Many liberals hope that Islam will follow the same trajectory as Christianity and the West: a reformation and eventually secularization. But we should beware of assuming that all societies will follow the same path, says Shadi Hamid. Indeed, he has come to the reluctant conclusion that Islam will be resistant to secularization for a long time to come.
Nov 04, 2016
Global Ethics Forum Preview: New Paradigms for Refugee Camps and Humanitarian Aid with Kilian Kleinschmidt
4:49
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Kilian Kleinschmidt, the former head of the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan, discusses a new paradigm for humanitarian aid. In this excerpt, Kleinschmidt talks to Stephane Sy about specific, common-sense ways to give refugees a sense of dignity.
Nov 03, 2016
Powerplay: The Origins of the American Alliance System in Asia
51:26
Why is there no NATO for Asia? After World War II, why did the United States opt for bilateral relationships with countries like Japan and South Korea? As Georgetown's Victor Cha explains, this was a "powerplay" by the Americans to contend with a "dangerous" and complex East Asia. Does this arrangement still make sense today?
Oct 25, 2016
Managing Resource Conflict with a Human Rights Approach
28:47
Earth Institute research scientist Joshua Fisher explores the links between natural resource management, conflict, and climate change in this conversation with Senior Fellow Devin Stewart. With a focus on gold mining in Papua New Guinea, how can governments, corporations, and citizens work together to build trust?
Oct 24, 2016
China, Japan, and America: Three Tigers on One Mountain?
20:47
"I don't think you can write about China and Japan without writing also about the United States," says journalist Richard McGregor. How has this complicated and high-stakes relationship evolved under Xi, Abe, and Obama? Is there room on the mountain for three tigers?
Oct 21, 2016
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Invention of Russia with Arkady Ostrovsky
4:06
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, "Economist" editor Arkady Ostrovsky discusses the war in Ukraine, Gorbachev’s vision, and how Vladimir Putin maintains absolute control. In this excerpt, Ostrovsky illustrates the "highly unusual" way that the Russian media and security services shaped the narrative in the run-up to the annexation of Crimea and the conflict in Eastern Ukraine.
Oct 20, 2016
Inside an Apple iPhone Factory in China
30:40
What really goes on in an Apple factory in China? In this fascinating conversation, Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Devin Stewart talks to Dejian "Ken" Zeng, a grad student who went undercover at an iPhone factory in Shanghai, about 12-hour workdays, his minimalist life in the dorms, and why it's so hard to organize a labor movement in China.
Oct 19, 2016
Peacemakers in Action: An In-depth Discussion of Religious Peacebuilding
1:04:05
Don't miss this remarkable conversation with Joyce Dubensky, CEO of Tanenbaum Center for Interreligious Understanding, and one of Tanenbaum's peacemakers, Rev. Bill Lowrey, who spent a decade in South Sudan. They explain the work of Tanenbaum's international network of peacemakers--the people on the ground who never quit.
Oct 18, 2016
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Time to Wake Up with Senator Sheldon Whitehouse
4:13
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Senator Sheldon Whitehouse of Rhode Island passionately argues for the need for Congressional action on climate change. In this excerpt, Senator Whitehouse, speaking with Carnegie Council Senior Fellow Ted Widmer, discusses exactly why Republican senators have been so resistant to climate bills.
Oct 13, 2016
The Constitution Today: Timeless Lessons for the Issues of Our Era
1:09:18
BC--before the Constitution--the history of the world was the history of kings, emperors, and tsars. AD--after the document--the world would never be the same again, says Constitutional law scholar Akhil Reed Amar. And the Constitution is particularly important in a fraught presidential election like this one.
Oct 10, 2016
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Return to Cold War with Robert Legvold
3:49
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Columbia University’s Robert Legvold discusses the troubling state of U.S-Russian relations. In this excerpt, Legvold, author of "Return to Cold War," offers some thoughts on how to get the conversation moving in the right direction, while acknowledging mistakes on both sides.
Oct 06, 2016
Karen Greenberg on Terrorism and "Rogue Justice"
34:18
What attracts young people to terrorism? Targeted killings, indefinite detention, mass surveillance--have Americans allowed too much power to be vested in the presidency? How are different governments grappling with the tension between civil rights and security? Security expert Karen Greenberg discusses these difficult questions.
Oct 06, 2016
Major Security Challenges for the Next President
1:15:18
Afghanistan, terrorism, U.S.-Russia relations: Col. McCausland gives an expert analysis of all these security challenges and more. Yet he concludes on a hopeful note: "We need to remember that we are a great country. There are a lot of reasons to be optimistic. We endured in the past and by golly, we're going to endure in the future."
Oct 06, 2016
How to Achieve Military Victory and Maintain National and Personal Ethics
1:41:14
Moshe Yaalon: "Military excellence has handed us an advantage on the battlefield, but this edge can only be maintained if we preserve our ethical superiority. And as the war on terror develops and intensifies, so must our determination to deliver an unequivocal moral response to the challenges it brings."
Oct 05, 2016
Free Speech: Ten Principles for a Connected World
59:54
In today's connected world--a "cosmopolis" dominated by the "four superpowers" Google, Apple, Facebook, and Amazon--what we need is to have more but also better free speech, declares Garton Ash. The West, particularly the U.S., should strive to promote global free speech, and we must foster a "robust civility" despite our differences.
Sep 30, 2016
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Industries of the Future with Alec Ross
4:14
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, Johns Hopkins University’s Alec Ross discusses artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, and the dangers of our new technologies. In this excerpt, Ross, formerly Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s senior advisor for innovation, speaks about big data and how it is changing norms like privacy.
Sep 29, 2016
The Will to Lead: America's Indispensable Role in the Global Fight for Freedom
18:08
"The world is on fire," says Anders Fogh Rasmussen, former secretary general of NATO and former prime minister of Denmark. He goes on to make a strong case for the U.S. to be world policeman to restore international law and order: "I don't see any capable, reliable, and desirable candidate for that function other than the United States."
Sep 29, 2016
Karin Aggestam on Sweden's Feminist Foreign Policy
42:55
In 2015, the newly formed Swedish government not only declared that it was going to be a feminist government but its foreign minister, Margot Wallström, announced that it would be adopting a feminist foreign policy. What does this mean, both in theory and practice, and how are these policies working out? Lund University's Professor Aggestam explains.
Sep 28, 2016
Jayson Browder on a New Generation of Veteran Leaders
20:51
U.S. Air Force veteran Jayson Browder discusses his work at Veterans in Global Leadership, which helps veterans become tomorrow's leaders. He also talks about the dishearteningly low percentages of veterans at elite schools and on Capitol Hill, and No One Left Behind, which lobbies for U.S. visas for Iraqi and Afghani interpreters.
Sep 27, 2016
Kumi Naidoo on Human Rights and the Impact of Climate Change
40:39
Kumi Naidoo's activism began at 15 years old, when he risked his life to protest against apartheid in his native South Africa. The former Greenpeace executive hasn't stopped since. Learn more about this inspiring man and find out why he considers climate change to be the most important human rights issue of our time.
Sep 27, 2016
The Pros, Cons, and Ethical Dilemmas of Artificial Intelligence
36:23
From driverless cars to lethal autonomous weapons, artificial intelligence will soon confront societies with new and complex ethical challenges. What's more, by 2034, 47 percent of U.S. jobs, 69 percent of Chinese jobs, and 75 percent of Indian jobs could all be done by machines. How should societies cope and what role should global governance play?
Sep 26, 2016
Measuring Positive and Negative Peace with the Global Peace Index
46:59
If you're running a business you need metrics to succeed, and it's the same with peace, says Steve Killelea, founder of the Global Peace Index. The Index provides empirical ways to measure both "negative peace"--the absence of violence and fear of violence--and "positive peace"-- attitudes, institutions, and structures which create and sustain peace.
Sep 21, 2016
The Philippines, the South China Sea, and the Many Sides of President Duterte
47:32
Richard Heydarian, of Manila's De La Salle University, discusses the Philippines' landmark legal victory against China in the South China Sea dispute, and why the Sea is so important. He also examines President Duterte's multiple dimensions, and why he seems to be very popular among Filipinos.
Sep 20, 2016
Is Successful Integration Possible? Best Practices from North America and Europe
1:12:44
How can societies help migrants integrate into the schools, work forces, and cultures of their new communities? In a partnership with the Government of Catalonia, this distinguished panel describes concrete ways that communities can cast aside their fears and create, as Secretary Omoros puts it, "a balance between diversity and integration."
Sep 20, 2016
Global Ethics Forum Preview: The Next Pandemic with Dr. Ali Khan
4:08
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, former Centers for Disease Control executive Dr. Ali Khan discusses the intersection of public health and politics. In this excerpt, Dr. Khan, now Dean at University of Nebraska Medical Center’s College of Public Health, talks about Zika virus and why it has affected marginalized populations.
Sep 15, 2016
The UN's Peter Sutherland on the Migrant Crisis
21:57
In the run-up to the UN Summit for Refugees and Migrants, Joanne Myers talks with Peter Sutherland about the challenges of implementing the 1951 Refugee Convention, which states that the obligation to provide for refugees is not simply an obligation for countries in proximity to the refugees. It's a global responsibility that should be shared.
Sep 14, 2016
U.S. Elections & Brexit: Can Liberalism Survive?
1:23:17
Why are liberal values eroding across the world? Will this continue? Realist Stephen Walt says maybe not, if the U.S. can set a good example at home and engage in less military interventions abroad. But although Nikolas Gvosdev of the U.S. Naval War College wants to be hopeful, he strikes a more pessimistic note.
Sep 13, 2016
What to Make of Duterte's Philippines
32:34
John Gershman of NYU discusses with Carnegie Council's Devin Stewart the state of Filipino politics since the election of Rodrigo Duterte and where the country may be headed. Topics covered include the Philippines' anti-drug campaign, extrajudicial killings, climate change vulnerability, and diplomatic relations with China, the U.S., and ASEAN.
Sep 08, 2016
Global Ethics Forum Preview: Blood Year: The Unraveling of Western Counterterrorism with David Kilcullen
5:03
Next time on Global Ethics Forum, counterinsurgency expert David Kilcullen discusses strategies to fight terrorism and the failure of the Iraq War. In this excerpt, Kilcullen, who was previously special adviser to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, talks about why the year 2011 was a turning point for conflict in the Middle East.
Sep 08, 2016