SciShow Tangents

By WNYC & Complexly

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Category: Science & Medicine

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Rate for this podcast

Subscribers: 688
Reviews: 6

Robin
 Jul 29, 2020
I love this podcast but I hate the cussing & cringe every time. I could use it to model intellectual conversation, critical thinking, respectful disagreement, & passion for science with students. I get frustrated that cussing prevents that.


 Apr 22, 2020

sian
 Oct 11, 2019
The best!

Lance
 Aug 31, 2019
Definitely my favorite podcast


 Jun 25, 2019
one of my favorites. I've learned so many fun facts to tell people because of this pod

Description

Introducing the lightly competitive knowledge showcase from the geniuses behind the YouTube series SciShow. Every Tuesday, join Hank Green, Ceri Riley, Stefan Chin, and Sam Schulz as they try to one-up and amaze each other with weird and funny scientific research... while not getting distracted. There will be tangents about video games, music, weird smells, surprisingly deep insights about life, and of course, poop, but it always comes back to the science. WNYC Studios is a listener-supported producer of other leading podcasts including On the Media, Snap Judgment, Death, Sex & Money, Nancy and Here’s the Thing with Alec Baldwin. © WNYC Studios

Episode Date
Listener Mailbag
29:55

We get A LOT of questions from our listeners! So this week we decided to put the competition on hold, open up the old Tangents Mailbag, and answer a few of them! 

 

Get ready to learn some of our deepest secrets, like what Ceri thinks about yogurt and Stefan's milk conundrum! There are other, less dairy related things in this episode, too. Once again, thank you all for your support and for all of the amazing questions you ask us every week. We couldn't do it without you!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these slinks:

 

 

Artificial sugars

http://www.madehow.com/Volume-3/Aspartame.html

https://sucralose.org/sucralose-facts/#:~:text=Sucralose%20is%20made%20by%20a,%2C%20but%20is%20calorie%2Dfree.

https://www.stevia.com/2016/10/03/how-is-stevia-leaf-extract-made/

https://science.howstuffworks.com/innovation/edible-innovations/artificial-sweetener8.htm

http://www.yalescientific.org/2010/09/mythbusters-does-sugar-really-make-children-hyper/

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/391812

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7963081/

 

Photic sneezing

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-does-bright-light-cau/

https://slink.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF03012675

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1042271/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-41551-0

 

Milk and bones

 

Whale hearing

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0118582

https://dosits.org/animals/sound-reception/marine-mammals-hear/hearing-in-cetaceans/

https://www.whoi.edu/oceanus/feature/how-to-see-what-whales-hear/

https://ocean.si.edu/ocean-life/marine-mammals/keeping-ear-out-whale-evolution

http://repository.ias.ac.in/4651/1/321.pdf

 

Duck swimming 

https://www.audubon.org/news/webbed-feet-are-evolutionary-hit

https://academic.oup.com/biolinnean/article/110/3/543/2415604

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/veterinary-science-and-veterinary-medicine/uropygial-gland

https://academy.allaboutbirds.org/feathers-article/

 

Multivitamins



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Anal pouches

https://books.google.com/books?id=IETMd3-lSlkC&pg=PA99&lpg=PA99

https://www.wired.com/2015/01/creature-feature-10-fun-facts-fossa/

Aug 11, 2020
89 - Glowing Things
30:44

Glowing Things: is that a scientific topic? Yes, but not by much. In fact, we spend a lot of the episode figuring out of there even is a scientific definition of 'glow!' Very exciting!

Here's a little fun fact for all you Sam-heads out there: my favorite color is 'glow-in-the-dark green." That's right, I finally admit that I'm the one writing all these descriptions! I guess Ceri doesn't do everything after all, huh?! 

Peace,

Sam

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these slinks:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Foxfire

https://allthatsinteresting.com/foxfire-bioluminescence#:~:text=Foxfire%20is%20the%20informal%20term,together%20to%20form%20a%20glow.

 

Submarine

https://www.warhistoryonline.com/instant-articles/david-bushnells-turtle-of-1776.html

https://www.history.navy.mil/research/library/online-reading-room/title-list-alphabetically/s/submarine-turtle-naval-documents.html

There is a LOT about this submarine, and a lot of it is contradictory! A very fun Google rabbit hole to fall down. 

 

[Fact Off]

 

Death fluorescence 

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/blue-death-in-worms/

https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1001613

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3735983/

Picture: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3735983/figure/F1/

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y6S3D8Fy8N4

 

Millipede glowing genitals

https://academic.oup.com/zoolinnean/article/187/1/117/5475011?searchresult=1

The Brain Scoop video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SjNQUOYtZC0

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Freezing glow sticks

https://www.compoundchem.com/2014/10/14/glowsticks/

https://www.thoughtco.com/how-do-lightsticks-work-607878

https://www2.chem.uic.edu/marek/apintropage/ap_notes/chapter18/rateseffectstempconcats.htm

 

[Butt One More Thing]

Glow Woims 

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/16/science/glow-worms-new-zealand.html



Aug 04, 2020
88 - Proteins
33:25

What do proteins do? Heck, an easier question to answer would be 'what don't they do?" No, seriously... I think they do, like, everything. 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these slinks:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Protein game

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/victory-for-crowdsourced-biomolecule2/

 

Protein music

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190626125052.htm

 

Whey fabric

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-01/ded-ssa012317.php

 

[Fact Off]

 

Prions in wine yeast

https://phys.org/news/2014-08-prions-trigger-stuck-wine-fermentations.html#:~:text=Working%20through%20a%20prion%E2%80%94an,without%20altering%20the%20yeast's%20DNA.

 

Spider silk in vaccines

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/06/180612185155.htm

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-06/udg-ank061218.php

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0142961218302473?via%3Dihub

http://news.mit.edu/2019/spider-silk-humidity-robotic-muscle-0301

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Complete proteins

https://goaskalice.columbia.edu/answered-questions/complete-and-incomplete-proteins-grains-and-vegetables

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002467.htm

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002222.htm

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-03/cfgr-utr031119.php

https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/134/6/1558S/4688841



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Sonic hedgehog anorectal malformation

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1850556/



Jul 28, 2020
87 - Frogs
32:56

What’s a frog? Well, it’s not quite a fish, and it’s not quite a lizard, but put them together and you have a stout, slimy little pal that everyone can agree on! Especially Ceri! 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these slinks:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Glue

Image of crucifix frog: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Holy_Cross_Frog.jpg

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-05473-z

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn6492-frog-glue-repairs-damaged-cartilage/ 

 

Sand

Image of tadpoles: https://www.thehindu.com/migration_catalog/article14128847.ece/ALTERNATES/LANDSCAPE_1200/31th-frog2.jpg

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20160330-these-newly-discovered-frogs-have-really-weird-tadpoles

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0151781

 

Suction

Image of paradox frog tadpole: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:NHM_London_Paradoxical_frog_(Pseudis_paradoxa)_model.jpg

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/31509/what-big-baby-life-and-times-paradox-frog

https://www.mtpr.org/post/field-notes-tale-montanas-strangest-frog



[Fact Off]

 

Foam-nest frogs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1D8b4e9nGwE

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsbl.2009.0934

 

Frog cell robots

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/01/200113175653.htm

https://www.pnas.org/content/117/4/1853

Video: https://movie-usa.glencoesoftware.com/video/10.1073/pnas.1910837117/video-1

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Sticky frog tongues

https://theconversation.com/the-frog-tongue-is-a-high-speed-adhesive-72064

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsif.2016.0764

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/01/watch-frog-s-tongue-ultrasoft-shock-absorber



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Frog skin buttock graft

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2355278/?page=1




Jul 21, 2020
SciShow Tangents Classics - Bees
32:15

The Tangents crew needed to get out and enjoy some summer sun, so this week we're reposting our classic 'Bees' episode! Tune in next week for a new episode!

Do you ever just wonder, “are the bees doing okay?” They’re so important to our food industry and native ecosystems, and every couple of years it seems like something horribly bad is happening to them. So this week, we’re taking a look at the fascinating lives and deaths of bees! Can they recognize human faces or understand the concept of zero? Why are blister beetles mimicking sexy bee pheromones? And what do nightclubs and honeybee hives have in common? 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these slinks:

 

[Poem]

 

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/03/120316-hot-bee-balls-hornets-insects-brains-animals-science/

http://jeb.biologists.org/content/jexbio/206/2/353.full.pdf 

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0184343

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6393/1124

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/insects-recognize-faces-using-processing-mechanism-similar-to-that-of-humans/ 

 

[Fact Off]

 

Blister beetles & ground bees: 

https://www.pnas.org/content/115/39/9756

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/09/bees-blister-beetles-evolution-parasites-pheromones-news/

http://entomology.ucdavis.edu/News/How_Blister_Beetle_Nest_Parasites_Cooperate_to_Mimic_the_Sex_Pheromone_of_a_Solitary_Bee/ 

 

Drunk bees:

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2001/dec/13/research.highereducation1

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn22-boozing-bees/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0741832905001497

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1074742708001433

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002219100600165X 

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

CCD: 

https://www.epa.gov/pollinator-protection/colony-collapse-disorder

 

Glyphosate:

http://jeb.biologists.org/content/218/17/2799

https://www.glyphosate.eu/glyphosate-mechanism-action 

https://www.pnas.org/content/115/41/10305

 

Native bees:

https://www.wired.com/2015/04/youre-worrying-wrong-bees/

http://www.xerces.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Xerces_policy_statement_HB_Final.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5722319/ 

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Isopentyl acetate:

https://www.extension.entm.purdue.edu/beehive/pdf/Breed_et_al.pdf 

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/isoamyl_acetate#section=Top 

 

Jul 14, 2020
86 - Diseases
29:14

From toenails to T-cells, human bodies have a whole lot of moving parts, which means there’s ample opportunity for things to go not-quite-according-to-plan!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these slinks:

[Truth or Fail]

 

Salmonella

https://www.technologyreview.com/2007/09/25/223729/deadly-bacteria-from-outer-space/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/in-space-infectious-diseases-reveal-their-true-nature-19761956/)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5515522/

 

UTI

https://www.theglobeandmail.com/technology/science/germs-in-space-tougher-and-deadlier/article694273/#:~:text=In%201970%2C%20Fred%20Haise%2C%20part,2006%20mission%2C%20including%20Pseudomonas%20aeruginosa.

https://history.nasa.gov/SP-350/ch-13-5.html

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23658630/

 

Green Muscle

https://extension.umd.edu/sites/extension.umd.edu/files/_docs/programs/poultry/IS1976%20Deep%20Pectoral%20Myopathy.pdf

 

Supplemental 

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/547736/what-happens-when-astronaut-gets-sick-space#:~:text=Astronauts%20floating%20around%20in%20zero,can%20sometimes%20cause%20an%20injury.&text=That%20happened%20with%20spaceflight%2Dassociated,their%20eyes%20during%20space%20missions.



[Fact Off]

 

Fake Typhus epidemic

https://archive.org/stream/NavyMedicine198004/Navy%20Medicine%201980-04#page/n27/mode/2up

https://www.cdc.gov/typhus/epidemic/index.html

https://www.dshs.texas.gov/lab/serology_agg.shtm

https://amednews.com/article/20040705/profession/307059953/6/

https://academic.oup.com/trstmh/article-abstract/37/5/321/1898852?redirectedFrom=fulltext

 

Glaucoma T-cells

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/08/180810091530.htm

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05681-9

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Multivalent vaccines

https://www.forbes.com/sites/brucelee/2018/12/28/how-about-6-vaccines-in-one-fda-approves-new-vaccine-from-sanofi-merck/#6c7e3c348f10

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.4161/hv.25407

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6069402/



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Mummy rectal tissue

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0089528

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-02/p-iom022514.php

 

Jul 07, 2020
85 - Whales
30:44

The sea is filled with giant, super-smart aquatic mammals communicating across vast distances and using the stars to navigate. No jokes in this description! Whales are amazing!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these slinks:

 

Whale heartbeat

https://www.pnas.org/content/116/50/25329

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-11/su-rrf112219.php

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/researchers-measure-blue-whales-heart-rate-first-time-180973662/

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/11/diving-blue-whales-heart-beats-very-very-slowly/602557/



Lunge feeding

https://www.nature.com/articles/nature11135

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-05/uobc-gwh042815.php

https://www.americanscientist.org/article/the-ultimate-mouthful-lunge-feeding-in-rorqual-whales 

https://www.popsci.com/whale-nerve-cells-can-stretch 

https://slinkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0960982215002845



[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Whale navigation

https://www.wired.com/2011/04/humpback-whale-migration/

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rsbl.2011.0279 

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/solar-storms-might-throw-migrating-whales-course-180974278/

https://meridian.allenpress.com/jcr/article-abstract/doi/10.2112/SI75-111.1/29667/Coastal-Fronts-Utilized-by-Migrating-Humpback?redirectedFrom=PDF

https://www.livescience.com/63791-underwater-volcanoes-tasmania.html



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Anal syrup

http://whitelab.biology.dal.ca/rwb/kogiastat.pdf

https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/species/pygmy-sperm-whale

https://www.sciencefocus.com/nature/slimy-saliva-sticky-tongues-and-anal-syrup-3-of-the-slimiest-creatures-in-the-animal-kingdom/

Jun 30, 2020
84 - Flying Machines
30:43

Humanity’s quest for flight has been, all things considered, extremely successful! Sure, we aren’t all zipping around in jetpacks yet… but honestly I don’t think we’re ready for jetpacks. 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these slinks:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Donut-shaped aircraft

https://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/originalDocument?CC=US&NR=2014319274A1&KC=A1&FT=D&ND=3&date=20141030&DB=EPODOC&locale=en_EP

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/flying-saucer-patents-alexander-weygers

https://patents.google.com/patent/US2377835A/en

 

Williams X-Jet

https://patents.google.com/patent/US4447024

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2000/sep/14/technology2

More pictures: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Williams_X-Jet#/media/File:Williams_X-Jet_-_side_view.jpg

 

Flying magic carpet 

https://books.google.com/books?id=biYDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA94&lpg=PA94&

https://www.theverge.com/2011/11/3/2504531/jetpack-history-future-passed



[Fact Off]

 

First aerial photograph

https://www.geriwalton.com/felix-nadars-giant-balloon-le-geant/#:~:text=Felix%20Nadar's%20giant%20balloon%2C%20or,known%20by%20the%20pseudonym%20Nadar.&text=Caricature%20of%20Nadar%20as%20a%20ballooning%20photographer.

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/dec/23/books-felix-nadar-france-photography-flight

 

http://www.artinsociety.com/the-adventures-of-nadar-photography-ballooning-invention--the-impressionists.html

 

https://papa.clubexpress.com/content.aspx?page_id=22&club_id=808138&module_id=158950

 

Drone organ transport

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-04/uomm-uom042619.php

https://www.jems.com/2020/01/29/new-partnership-in-drone-delivery-system-for-human-organs/

https://weare.techohio.ohio.gov/2019/10/30/vyrtx-pioneers-air-corridor-for-drone-delivery-of-organs/



[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Alberto Santos-Dumont

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Alberto-Santos-Dumont

https://www.cnet.com/news/were-the-wright-brothers-really-first-not-in-brazil/

https://www.cnn.com/2003/TECH/ptech/12/10/brazil.santosdumont.reut/

http://www.wright-brothers.org/History_Wing/History_of_the_Airplane/Who_Was_First/Santos_Dumont/Santos_Dumont.htm



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Airplane stinky poop

http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/31908620/ba-flight-forced-to-land-early-because-of-smelly-poo



Jun 23, 2020
83 - The Internet
29:20

From the joyful to the hateful to the extremely weird, the Internet is all of the complexity of human thought given shape! And boy do humans think about cats and sex a lot!

 

I hope you're all doing well! 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these slinks:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Lo:

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/first-message-sent-over-the-internet-45-years-ago/#:~:text=The%20programmers%20attempted%20to%20type,message%20about%20an%20hour%20later.

 

First Email: http://www.computinghistory.org.uk/det/6116/First-e-mail-sent-by-Ray-Tomlinson/

 

[Fact Off]

 

IPoAC

https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2549

https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc1149

https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-11325452

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/8248056.stm

 

Online therapy

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-05/ki-eoi051220.php

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/article-abstract/2765960

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Deep web vs. dark web

https://www.britannica.com/story/whats-the-difference-between-the-deep-web-and-the-dark-web

https://computer.howstuffworks.com/internet/basics/how-the-deep-web-works.htm

https://us.norton.com/internetsecurity-how-to-how-can-i-access-the-deep-web.html



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Internet yoga pants

https://www.vogue.com/article/nadi-x-wearable-technology-yoga-pants-smart-bluetooth-haptic

 

Jun 16, 2020
82 - Allergies
33:25

Here slinks to more podcasts by Black creators:

SCIENCE
  • BE the Code - Black Enterprise's tech editor (Sequoia Blodgett) spotlights Black folks in the tech industry
  • Therapy for Black Girls - a licensed psychologist (Dr. Joy Harden Bradford) talks about mental health
  • Why Aren't You A Doctor Yet? - combination of scientists and journalists (Hana, Suhail, Oz, and Alex) talk about science and tech news
  • Dope Labs - a scientist and an engineer (Zakiya and Titi) talk about science + pop-culture

GENERAL

  • Still Processing - 2 NYT Culture reporters (Wesley Morris and Jenna Wortham) talking about media, history, art, the internet, etc
  • Code Switch - NPR journalists tackle conversations about race
  • The Stoop - 2 journalists (Leila Day and Hana Baba) talk about the Black diaspora and Blackness 
Black lives matter.

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these slinks:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Hot Dog Allergy 

https://spoonuniversity.com/lifestyle/hot-dog-allergie

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1994783/

 

Cat-Pork

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3594363/

 

Parent Spit

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2013/05/06/180817114/parents-saliva-on-pacifiers-could-ward-off-babys-allergies

 

[Fact Off]

 

Thunderstorm asthma

https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/106/3/207/1565254

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cea.12709

https://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/thunderstorm-asthma-the-night-a-deadly-storm-took-melbournes-breath-away-20170308-gut8ur.html

https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2016/nov/27/thunderstorm-asthma-oure-talking-an-event-equivalent-to-a-terrorist-attack

 

Langerhans cells

https://www.popsci.com/allergy-immunotherapy-toothpaste/

https://allovate.com/how-allerdent-works/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Allergies & public horticulture

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/seasonal-allergies-blame-male-trees

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016920461100137X

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-08/asoa-hpc082615.php

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Milk allergy fecal transplant

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-018-0324-z



Jun 09, 2020
81 - Healing
33:19

I've got a fever... and the only prescription... is more SciShow Tangents! Remember that? 

 

All kidding aside, in this episode we say goodbye to a dear friend.

 

Rest in peace, Ceri's Blanket Fort. 2020-2020

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Cleaner Shrimp

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/08/180823092057.htm

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00227-018-3379-y

 

Dolphin letter

https://web.archive.org/web/20111205105601/http://explore.georgetown.edu/news/?ID=57991&PageTemplateID=295

 

Stressed Mice

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/07/050729063608.htm

https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-dont-be-misled

 

[Fact Off]

 

Ant Medics

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ajp.1350160407

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2018/02/matabele-ants-rescue-heal-injured-soldiers/

https://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-paramedic-ants-20180216-story.html

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2017.2457

 

Two-Headed Flatworms

https://www.cell.com/biophysj/fulltext/S0006-3495(17)30427-7

https://journals.plos.org/ploscompbiol/article?id=10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002481

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0005273612000855

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Scar tissue vs. normal tissue

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07430-w

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3840475/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4352699/

https://medicine.yale.edu/dermatology/dermsurg/Chapter%2018%20Time%20and%20Care%20Heals%20All%20Wounds_36907_284_5_v1.pdf

 

Reducing scarring

https://medschool.cuanschutz.edu/surgery/specialties/endocrine/patient-care/adrenalectomy/scar-management

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/wellness-and-prevention/everyday-cuts-and-scrapes-how-to-prevent-scarring

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3842869/

 

Fetal wound healing

https://hsci.harvard.edu/skin-regeneration-and-rejuvenation

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4229131/



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Cow poop poultice

https://books.google.com/books?id=0y6gAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA223&lpg=PA223&dq=In+dung#v=onepage&q=In%20dung&f=false

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/poultice

May 26, 2020
80 - Games
32:19

Kicking the ball, passing another type of ball, running around the big arena and making a point! SciShow Tangents knows one thing and that one thing is SPORTS! 

And Hank sings another song! 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Crowd Noise

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/45821302_Crowd_Noise_as_a_Cue_in_Referee_Decisions_Contributes_to_the_Home_Advantage

https://www.earq.com/hearing-health/articles/going-to-a-football-game

https://www.hear-the-world.com/en/media/media-releases/world-cup-fans-warned-about-risk-of-hearing-damage-from-vuvuzela

 

RoboCup

https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=350&v=H8xc6LpiNVs&feature=emb_title

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7vKuhopzAZQ

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-neayQX3K30

https://www.forbes.com/sites/annatobin/2019/06/25/what-to-expect-from-robocup-2019-the-robotics-soccer-world-cup-kicks-off-july-2/#484935147485

https://www.robocup.org/leagues/3

 

HudGlasses

https://newatlas.com/form-ar-swim-goggles/60985/

https://www.dcrainmaker.com/2018/04/everysight-cycling-display.html



[Fact Off]

 

Rats playing hide-and-seek

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/09/why-scientists-taught-rats-play-hide-and-seek/597799/

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/09/lab-rats-play-hide-and-seek-fun-it-new-study-shows

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/so-you-think-you-know-why-animals-play/

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/07/science/animals-play-games.html

https://science.sciencemag.org/lookup/doi/10.1126/science.aax4705

 

Empathy video game

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/uow-avg080918.php

https://news.wisc.edu/a-video-game-can-change-the-brain-may-improve-empathy-in-middle-schoolers/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Getting competitive about games

www.nbcnews.com/better/pop-culture/why-board-games-bring-out-worst-us-ncna828726

www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-06/uoc--yga061314.php

www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-06/ucl-ddm053116.php

www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-06/s-tsh062818.php

 

Parasocial relationships & sports fans

https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1963&context=thesesdissertations

https://surface.syr.edu/thesis/358/

https://www.units.miamioh.edu/psybersite/fans/sit.shtml

https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2368&context=thesesdissertations

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Butt controller

https://phys.org/news/2013-12-valve-mouth-mouse-butt-gadgets-video.html



May 19, 2020
79 - Hair
30:46

Mammals pretty much have the market cornered on hair, and you know all the other types of animals are jealous of us. Imagine a little lizard with bangs or something? It just wouldn’t be right. Sorry!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Camarillo white horse

https://books.google.com/books?id=WyYDAAAAMBAJ&pg=RA1-PA216&lpg=RA1-PA216&dq=%22telescopic+sight%22+spider+silk#v=onepage&q=%22telescopic%20sight%22%20spider%20silk&f=false

https://vgl.ucdavis.edu/services/horse/CamarilloWhite.php

https://www.camarillowhitehorses.org/history_camarillo_white_horses.html

 

African crested rat

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2011.1169

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2011/08/case-poisonous-rat

https://www.livescience.com/15360-crested-rat-poison-hairs-kills.html

 

Malabar giant squirrel

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2019/04/indian-giant-squirrels-colors-camouflage/

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/shortcuts/2017/jan/08/colour-changing-cats-warn-radioactive-waste-nuclear-plants-distant-descendants

 

[Fact Off]

 

Hyena poop hair preservation

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/257000-years-ago-a-hyena-ate-some-human-hair-and-probably-the-rest-of-the-person-too-419574/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030544031300160X

 

Graphene hair dye

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-03/nu-gfn031218.php

https://www.cell.com/chem/fulltext/S2451-9294(18)30082-2?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS2451929418300822%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Grey hair

www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-does-hair-turn-gray/

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/307/5710/720

https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(05)00293-X?

https://www.fasebj.org/doi/full/10.1096/fj.08-125435

 

Stress

www.theguardian.com/science/2020/jan/22/stress-speeds-up-hair-greying-process-science-confirms

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-1935-3

https://www.health.harvard.edu/blog/hair-turn-gray-2017091812226



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Trichobezoar 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3083501/

 

May 12, 2020
78 - Salt
31:09

Salt: the mineral so nice that much of early human civilization was based on its procurement! Now we put big chunks of it on tasty pretzels at the mall! If some ancient Greek person saw a big salty pretzel, I bet he'd be very excited and proud of us. Actually, they might have had pretzels back then, let me look. Nope doesn't look like they did, so I stand by my statement. 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Salt Hotels

https://www.lunasaladahotel.com.bo/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palacio_de_Sal

 

Lake Peigneur

https://gizmodo.com/thirty-years-ago-a-louisiana-lake-turned-into-a-swirli-5695711

https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2209&dat=19801121&id=mKUrAAAAIBAJ&sjid=0vwFAAAAIBAJ&pg=7170,4208269&hl=en

 

Underwater Icicles

https://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/oceanography/underwater-brinicles.htm



[Fact Off]

 

Coconut water IV

http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/14/12/5144

https://podcasts.ufhealth.org/can-coconut-water-mimic-human-plasma/ 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0735675700900627

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2011/08/15/139638930/saved-by-the-coconut-water-parsing-coconut-waters-medical-claims 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK154437/ 

 

Salt flats for satellite calibration

https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Characterization-of-the-Salar-de-Uyuni-for-in-orbit-Lamparelli-Ponzoni/6b6a5037f838a2342d5681b642944fd68c775551

https://academic.oup.com/gji/article/172/1/31/2081107

https://www.nature.com/news/2007/071130/full/news.2007.315.html



[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Salt in a wound history

https://books.google.com/books?id=29gV_kCmZrIC&pg=PA141

https://www.abc.net.au/life/will-sea-water-help-heal-open-sores/11279036

http://utc.iath.virginia.edu/abolitn/abestwa8t.html

 

Saline solution

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/03/31/597666140/why-did-sterile-salt-water-become-the-iv-fluid-of-choice

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4794509/

 

Nociception

https://nba.uth.tmc.edu/neuroscience/m/s2/chapter06.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK32659/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2903433/



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Rectal salt glands

https://www.jstor.org/stable/1541076?seq=1

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5216465/

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00364827.1963.10410275?journalCode=ssar20





May 05, 2020
77 - Holes
33:39

 

 

Humans have been digging deep holes for fun and profit since time began, and some animals have been doing it for way longer than that! And all of those holes can't hold a candle to some of the natural holes the Earth's got going on. And those are nothing compared to space, which some (Sam) would argue is the biggest hole of all!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Termite mounds: https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(18)31287-9?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0960982218312879%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

Band of holes: https://www.sciencealert.com/is-this-mile-long-strip-of-holes-an-ancient-inca-tax-system

Molecular drills: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.9b22595#

Roman skin cream: http://cenblog.org/artful-science/2013/01/14/ancient-roman-cosmetics-skin-cream-from-the-2nd-century-a-d/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Ant colony fallen through hole

Pictures in this paper: https://jhr.pensoft.net/articles.php?id=9096&display_type=element&element_type=4&element_id=43&element_name=

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s000400050022

https://arstechnica.com/science/2016/09/bizarre-ant-colony-discovered-in-an-abandoned-polish-nuclear-weapons-bunker/

https://www.popsci.com/story/science/ant-colony-escape/

https://jhr.pensoft.net/article/38972/

 

Star-nosed mole nose holes

https://news.vanderbilt.edu/2006/12/20/scientist-discovers-some-mammals-can-smell-objects-under-water-58788/

https://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/26/science/26bubble.html

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn10834-star-nosed-mole-can-sniff-underwater-videos-reveal/

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/11/171120090051.htm

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/04/170424084028.htm

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Sinkholes / blue holes

https://www.whoi.edu/oceanus/feature/blue-holes-and-hurricanes/

http://geology.wlu.edu/intro3d/sinkhole/sinkhole.html

https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/sinkholes?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/explore-worlds-deepest-blue-holes-180959977/

 

Flooded pit caves

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/sep/30/worlds-deepest-underwater-cave-found-czech-republic-hranice-abyss

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/adventure/destinations/europe/czech-republic/deepest-underwater-cave-discovered/

 

Mariana trench

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/activity/mariana-trench-deepest-place-earth/

 

Kola Superdeep Borehole

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/ask-smithsonian-whats-deepest-hole-ever-dug-180954349/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Scorpion anus

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/01/when-attacked-some-scorpions-discard-their-stinger-and-their-anus

 

Apr 28, 2020
76 - Trees
30:39

It's both Earth Day and Arbor Day this week! Ok, nature, we get it! We should appreciate you more!

Hope you're all well! Enjoy!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Dragon’s Blood Tree

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/11/socotra-yemen-biodiversity-photography/

https://owlcation.com/stem/The-Dragon-Blood-Tree-of-Socotra-Island-Dracaena-cinnabari

 

Dynamite Tree

https://keys.lucidcentral.org/keys/v3/eafrinet/weeds/key/weeds/Media/Html/Hura_crepitans_(Sandbox_Tree).htm

https://asknature.org/strategy/evaporation-releases-seeds/

 

West Tall Coconut

http://www.agritech.tnau.ac.in/expert_system/coconut/coconut/coconut_varieties.html

https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/coconuts-kill-more-sharks/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Vampire stump

https://www.cell.com/iscience/fulltext/S2589-0042(19)30146-4
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-07/cp-ats071819.php
https://www.livescience.com/66025-kauri-tree-superorganism-root-grafting.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/25/science/tree-stump-alive.html

Ghost redwoods

https://www.mercurynews.com/2010/11/28/albino-redwoods-hold-scientific-mystery/

https://sempervirens.org/discover-redwoods/ghost-redwoods-solving-the-albino-redwoods-mystery/

https://ucanr.edu/sites/Redwood2016/files/250645.pdf

https://ucanr.edu/sites/Redwood2016/files/243400.pdf

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Tree definition

https://www.americanforests.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/AF-Tree-Measuring-Guidelines_LR.pdf

 

Willows

https://oregonstate.edu/trees/broadleaf_genera/willow.html

https://www.thoughtco.com/worlds-smallest-tree-species-1343503

 

Bonsai / Pygmy Forests

https://www.pubs.ext.vt.edu/content/dam/pubs_ext_vt_edu/426/426-601/426-601_pdf.pdf

 

Other trees

https://extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.html?number=C944&title=Crape%20Myrtle%20Culture

http://www.pnwplants.wsu.edu/PlantDisplay.aspx?PlantID=169



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Butt rot

https://hortnews.extension.iastate.edu/2007/7-11/root_butt_rot.html

https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5347109.pdf



Apr 21, 2020
75 - Robots
31:37

Real robots have more and more in common with science fiction robots every day. Not enough that you need to worry about them rising up against humans, but you should maybe consider being nicer to your smartphone...

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Plesiosaur Swimming

https://www.pbs.org/newshour/science/odd-swimming-style-plesiosaurs-decoded-robot

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2017.0951

RangerBot

https://www.hakaimagazine.com/news/rangerbot-programmed-to-kill/

https://www.sciencealert.com/rangerbot-great-barrier-reef-conservation-crown-of-thorns-starfish

https://www.qut.edu.au/news?id=137688

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7zjKTvj0lB4

Firefighting Robot

https://www.theverge.com/2015/2/5/7986345/firefighting-robot-saffir-prototype-us-navy

Lifeguard Robot

https://mentitude.com/ocean-alpha-dolphin-1-unmanned-usrv/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Clothing robot
http://www.news.gatech.edu/2018/05/14/robot-teaches-itself-how-dress-people
https://futurism.com/pr2-ai-robot-dressing-gown
https://robots.ieee.org/robots/pr2/

Video of the dressing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RYj7gHQ_fwY

 

Parasitic turtle robots

https://www.newscientist.com/article/2130292-parasitic-robot-controls-turtle-its-riding-by-giving-it-snacks/

https://phys.org/news/2017-05-parasitic-robot-waypoint-turtle.html



[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Synthetic skin

https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=85&contentid=P01336

https://robotics.sciencemag.org/content/4/32/eaax2198

https://www.tum.de/nc/en/about-tum/news/press-releases/details/35732/

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8812712

 

OmniSkin

https://robotics.sciencemag.org/content/3/22/eaat1853

https://www.theverge.com/2018/9/24/17895328/robotic-skin-flexible-soft-robotics-yale-nasa-space

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/these-robotic-skins-turn-everyday-objects-into-robots-180970328/



[Butt One More Thing]

 https://www.sciencealert.com/this-robotic-rectum-lets-doctors-get-a-feel-for-prostate-exams

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2016/07/04/robotic-rectum-developed-to-help-doctors-get-to-bottom-of-prosta/

 

Apr 14, 2020
74 - Rivers
32:03

It's Spring here in the Northern Hemisphere, and the rivers swell with crystal clear snowmelt from tall mountain peaks... and we're all stuck inside and can't really look at it! Dang it! So I guess close your eyes and imagine floating down a beautiful river with your favorite podcast hosts as they drone on and on about bridges and salmon and stuff.  

Again, a big thanks for choosing us as the thing to spend your time with! Be well, everyone! 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Kites

http://www.kitehistory.com/Miscellaneous/Homan_Walsh.htm

https://www.uu.edu/dept/physics/scienceguys/2004Apr.cfm

https://books.google.com/books/about/The_Kite_that_Bridged_Two_Nations.html?id=7tukmQEACAAJ

 

Stone-carving

https://www.asce.org/project/five-stone-arch-bridges/

 

Explosions

http://www.bbc.com/travel/sponsored/story/20160815-the-buddha-that-calmed-the-seas

https://www.theatlantic.com/culture/archive/2011/02/why-is-ottawa-blowing-up-its-river/338889/

https://www.nap.edu/read/6289/chapter/3#16



[Fact Off]

 

Salmon & sea lions

https://wildlife.org/sea-lions-to-be-culled-to-protect-salmon/

https://www.oregonlive.com/pacific-northwest-news/2018/03/battle_of_species_pits_protect.html

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/01/killing-sea-lions-save-salmon/581740/

https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/west-coast/endangered-species-conservation/adult-upstream-passage-west-coast

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/fish-ladder.html

 

Wildebeest bones

https://www.pnas.org/content/114/29/7647

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fevo.2020.00031/full#h6

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2352249618300429?via%3Dihub

https://news.uga.edu/animal-carcasses-source-river-nutrients/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Rivers on Titan

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/the-mysterious-lakes-on-saturns-moon-titan

https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/cassini-explores-a-methane-sea-on-titan

https://www.space.com/36904-titan-evolution-more-like-mars-than-earth.html



[Butt One More Thing]

 

The Great Stink

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/trail/victorian_britain/social_conditions/victorian_urban_planning_04.shtml

https://www.open.edu/openlearn/science-maths-technology/engineering-technology/how-london-got-its-victorian-sewers

Apr 07, 2020
73 - Ducks
36:11

Ducks! Basically a joke of an animal, if we're being perfectly honest. They make silly noises, the waddle around, they are extremely cute and goofy looking, and they love to swim around in big piles of money! 

And look, you might see the title and think 'a duck isn't science.' Well i've learned a thing or two from those eggheads on the science couch and I can definitely say that you are wrong! It turns out, everything is science! Seems like a cop out, but it's true.

Anyway, we sincerely hope everyone out there is doing well and staying safe! Love you guys! 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Definition] 

 

Duck mating

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2009.2139

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0000418

https://www.nature.com/articles/news.2009.1159

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Sperm

https://www.livescience.com/1279-rival-sperm-hook-cooperate.html

Mallard Bills

https://www.livescience.com/13681-duck-ejaculate-sperm-antibiotic-beaks-110412.html

 

[Fact Off]

 

Duck Imprinting

http://sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2017/getting-ducklings-row-look-inside-animal-mind-2/

http://sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2017/getting-ducklings-row-look-inside-animal-mind-2/

 

Duck hearing

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-09/uod-wdd092518.php

https://www.udel.edu/udaily/2018/august/graduate-student-works-on-training-ducks-hearing-fishing-nets/

https://www.usgs.gov/centers/pwrc/science/air-and-underwater-hearing-abilities-seabirds?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Quacks

sounds: https://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Mallard/sounds

https://www.pressconnects.com/story/news/local/2019/03/04/ask-scientist-ducks-quack-several-different-reasons/3009779002/

https://www.ducks.org/conservation/waterfowl-research-science/waterfowl-vocalizations

 

Syrinx

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/10/bird-voice-box-one-kind-animal-kingdom

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/oct/12/oldest-fossil-of-birds-voicebox-gives-new-hint-at-soundscape-of-the-cretaceous-syrinx

 

Duck quack echoes

sounds: http://www.acoustics.salford.ac.uk/acoustics_info/duck/

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/3086890.stm



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Fly that only breeds in duck poop

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/new-species-fly-found-breeding-central-park-duck-droppings-180965118/

https://zookeys.pensoft.net/article/13411/element/2/12/

Mar 31, 2020
72 - Museums
34:15

Hey gang, here’s another episode recorded before social distancing set in. We hope all of our listeners out there continue to stay safe and be well, and again, we are honored that you choose to spend some of this time with us. Thank you and enjoy the show!

 

This episode has a little bit of everything: the French Revolution, haunted amulets, mummies (maybe??)... why, it's like a regular Night at the Museum! Have fun!

 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Da Vinci’s Faces

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100715090917.htm

First Museum:

https://theconversation.com/hidden-women-of-history-ennigaldi-nanna-curator-of-the-worlds-first-museum-116431

https://io9.gizmodo.com/the-story-behind-the-worlds-oldest-museum-built-by-a-b-5805358

Woman Hit By Meteorite

http://www.slate.com/blogs/atlas_obscura/2015/06/02/the_hodges_meteorite_is_one_of_the_few_space_to_ever_strike_a_human.html?wpisrc=obnetwork

http://articles.adsabs.harvard.edu//full/1995LPI....26.1133P/0001133.000.html?high=484678bbd531063

 

[Fact Off]

 

Blaschka glass scientific models

http://www.cmog.org/article/blaschkas-glass-models-invertebrate-animals-1863-1890

https://web.archive.org/web/20160411221330/http://www.journalofantiques.com/Feb04/featurefeb04.htm

These three links include info + pictures:

https://digital.library.cornell.edu/collections/blaschka

http://hmnh.harvard.edu/glass-flowers

https://hmnh.harvard.edu/fruits-decay

 

Spider Museum

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20160413-the-museum-filled-with-poisonous-spiders-that-just-wont-die

https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2693514#page/430/mode/1up

https://roaring.earth/venomous-spiders-haunt-museum-just-wont-die/

https://horizonpestcontrol.com/venomous-chilean-spider-infestation/



[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Painting restoration

https://www.si.edu/mci/english/learn_more/taking_care/conservation_meaning.html

https://www.invaluable.com/blog/the-science-behind-art-restoration/

 

Sculptures

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/modern-chemistry-techniques-save-ancient-art/

https://www.chemistryworld.com/features/the-art-of-conservation/3009092.article

 

Bacteria

https://www.wired.com/2011/11/st-artrestoremicro/

 

Mar 24, 2020
71 - Experiments in Space
35:17

Hey everyone, things are a little different now than they were a couple weeks ago when we recorded this one. COVID-19 is impacting us all, and we just want to say that we hope you and yours are well. Thank you for choosing to spend your time with us every week. We will keep trying to do our part to make you smile and teach you stuff along the way. 

 

We love you guys! Take care of yourselves.

 

Space… it’s big, it’s confusing, and there isn’t any gravity! That’s why we have a dedicated team of people up in the International Space Station running all kinds of experiments to try and figure out just what the heck is even going on up there. 

 

You truly have no idea how much of us ordering Popeye’s I had to cut out of this. This was definitely our longest recording session ever and I was livid!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

https://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/9-12/features/spacescents_feature.html

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/Investigation.html?#id=187

https://phys.org/news/2011-03-chicken-fat-biofuel-eco-friendly-jet.html

https://spinoff.nasa.gov/spinoff2002/ch_1.html

 

[Fact Off]

 

Wake Shield Facility

https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19920014405

https://er.jsc.nasa.gov/seh/pg46s95.html

https://uwaterloo.ca/molecular-beam-epitaxy/about/what-epitaxy

https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2002/03jan_bioniceyes

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0042207X01003839

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S009457650000148X

Image: https://archive.org/details/STS069-724-095

 

Mouse sperm experiment

https://www.pnas.org/content/114/23/5988

http://iss.jaxa.jp/en/kiboexp/theme/second/pmlatter/spacepup/

 

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Human pregnancy

https://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation/pdf/prenatal.pdf

https://www.livescience.com/33047-space-sex-pregnancy.html

https://www.thoughtco.com/can-women-get-pregnant-in-space-3072590

 

NASA sperm study

https://futurism.com/sperm-space-nasa

 

Space childbirth startup

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/01/space-childbirth-babies/579064/

 

Other animal development

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/article/what-space-jellyfish-tell-us-about-interplanetary-travel/

https://www.popsci.com/article/technology/space-born-jellyfish-hate-life-earth/

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/wnjkkw/making-babies-in-space-may-be-a-terrible-idea



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Flatworms in space

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/reg2.79 





Mar 17, 2020
70 - Sugar
35:06

SciShow Tangents editorial assistant/genius Deboki Chakravarti joins us once more to talk about that sweet sand we all love so much: sugar!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Deboki: @okidoki_boki

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

[Definition]

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/09/13/493739074/50-years-ago-sugar-industry-quietly-paid-scientists-to-point-blame-at-fat

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2548255 

https://slate.com/technology/2018/03/big-sugar-isnt-to-blame-for-steering-us-away-from-fat.html 

 

[Truth or Fail]

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5434031/

https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/nicotine.htm

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/01/flowers-can-hear-bees-and-make-their-nectar-sweeter/

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-05/ncsu-njd051816.php

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/01/flowers-can-hear-bees-and-make-their-nectar-sweeter/



[Fact Off]

 

Honeypot ants

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/media/honey-ant-adaptations-wbt/

https://www.nature.com/articles/025405a0

https://books.google.com/books?id=E_6-pGOLUgcC&pg=PA25#v=onepage&q&f=false

https://abt.ucpress.edu/content/48/6/335

Picture: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:HoneyAnt.jpg

Picture: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honeypot_ant#/media/File:Honey_Ants_(7344580116).jpg

 

Sugar dust explosion

https://www.csb.gov/imperial-sugar-company-dust-explosion-and-fire/

https://www.ajc.com/blog/investigations/decade-after-deadly-imperial-sugar-explosion-still-new-worker-safety-standards/qpKHscUPUZ77EKEtclCCMN/

https://sma.nasa.gov/docs/default-source/safety-messages/safetymessage-2011-02-07-imperialsugarcompanydustexplosion-vits.pdf?sfvrsn=7eae1ef8_4

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Hyperactivity

https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/88/5/960.long?sso=1&sso_redirect_count=1&nfstatus=401&nftoken=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000&nfstatusdescription=ERROR%3a+No+local+token

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/002221948301600604

https://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/childhood-adhd/what-is-the-feingold-diet#1

https://www.livescience.com/55754-does-sugar-make-kids-hyper.html

 

Addiction

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2235907/

https://bjsm.bmj.com/content/52/14/910

https://news.psu.edu/story/141336/2006/01/16/research/probing-question-sugar-addictive

https://www.huffpost.com/entry/sugar-addiction-drug_n_4173632



Mar 10, 2020
69 - Viruses
33:37

Viruses are the subject of confusion & misinformation. Luckily, we have a friend who knows a lot about them! We sit down with microbiology genius Deboki Chakravarti to talk viruses

Be sure to check out more of Deboki’s work on Journey to the Microcosmos, and the upcoming Crash Course Organic Chemistry! 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Tulips

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/11/science/broken-tulips.html

https://amsterdamtulipmuseumonline.com/blogs/tulip-facts/broken-tulips-the-beautiful-curse

 

Coffins

https://blogs.weta.org/boundarystones/2016/12/21/then-there-were-no-coffinshttps://www.acf.org/the-american-chestnut/

[Fact Off]

 

Multicomponent Viruses

https://www.cell.com/cell-host-microbe/fulltext/S1931-3128(16)30310-9

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160825141714.htm

 

Polydnaviruses

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4424053/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3758193/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123846846000264

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123848581000096

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4553618/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Caribou poop frozen virus

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2014/10/virus-resurrected-700-year-old-caribou-dung

https://www.pnas.org/content/111/47/16842



Mar 03, 2020
68 - Oceans
31:49

Oceans: they cover 70% of the planet, but what do we really know about them? Like what’s with all the salt, huh? And just what is the difference between a ‘sea’ and an ocean anyway?! I have questions!

 

This one has a real doozy of a Stefan poem. I cut out a lot of us interrupting him with raucous laughter!  

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Boat cloak

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20227101-500-explorers-dont-forget-your-inflatable-cloak/?ignored=irrelevant

https://www.rmg.co.uk/discover/behind-the-scenes/blog/boat-cloak-or-cloak-boat

https://web.archive.org/web/20120425161825/http://resource.canadashistory.ca/media/pdf/34-4-Spr-955-p46-51.pdf

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NENZC18511220.2.5

Image: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/Halkett_Boat_Cloak.jpg

 

Water chair

https://archive.org/details/watercurejournal12newy/page/1/mode/2up

Images: https://paleofuture.gizmodo.com/this-ridiculous-victorian-era-rocking-bath-wasnt-just-f-1515091109

 

Modesty barrel

https://www.messynessychic.com/2014/04/15/victorian-prudes-beachside-bathing-machines/

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/1715-Lethbridges-diving-barrel-John-Lethbridge-1678-1759-of-Newton-Abbot-Devon_fig2_228397874

https://io9.gizmodo.com/the-strange-and-wonderful-history-of-diving-suits-from-1262529336

https://devonassoc.org.uk/devoninfo/john-lethbridge-and-his-diving-machine-1880/

Image: https://i.kinja-img.com/gawker-media/image/upload/c_fit,f_auto,fl_progressive,q_80,w_470/18zb0i2fswtkxjpg.jpg

 

[Fact Off]

 

Pumice rafts

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/dont-believe-the-hype-the-pumice-raft-wont-save-the-great-barrier-reef/

https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/145490/a-raft-of-rock

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-05/dbnl-hxh052317.php

https://www.npr.org/2019/08/25/754190347/giant-pumice-raft-floating-towards-australia-could-help-replenish-great-barrier-

 

Albatross tracking system

https://www.birdlife.org/worldwide/news/world%E2%80%99s-biggest-seabird-tracking-database-shows-their-incredible-journeys

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/27/science/albatross-ocean-radar.html

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/albatrosses-outfitted-with-gps-detect-illegal-fishing-vessels-180974054/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Salty ocean

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/whysalty.html

https://www.usgs.gov/special-topic/water-science-school/science/why-ocean-salty?qt-science_center_objects=0#qt-science_center_objects



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Transient anus

https://www.sciencealert.com/this-animal-s-butt-appears-when-needed-and-it-could-help-us-understand-how-ours-evolved

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/ivb.12236



Feb 25, 2020
67 - Subatomic
34:24

Things get a little weird this episode, and by ‘little’ I mean very little! One thing I learned in this episode is that everything in the universe is touching each other, yet the particles in your body never truly touch! Mama Mia! 

 

Well anyway, I hope you enjoy it! Thanks for listening!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://history.fnal.gov/felicia.html#Time

https://history.fnal.gov/meson.html

pictures: https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/felicia-ferret-particle-accelerator-fermilab

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/stocking-series-part-1-wartime-rationing-and-nylon-riots-25391066/



[Fact Off]

 

Surface plasmon resonance

https://www.nist.gov/news-events/news/2016/12/nist-device-detecting-subatomic-scale-motion-has-potential-robotics

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms13746

Dark matter supercold water

https://indico.cern.ch/event/699961/contributions/3043319/attachments/1692706/2723798/snowball_idm.pdf

https://arstechnica.com/science/2019/04/snowball-chamber-uses-supercooled-water-to-hunt-for-dark-matter-particles/

http://www.astronomy.com/news/2019/04/new-snowball-chamber-might-aid-in-the-hunt-for-dark-matter

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-04/aps-ch041119.php

 

From Matthew Szydagis, Snowball Chamber project lead:

(Only certain uncharged particles trigger the freeze) because charged particles interact with the electrons and lose their energy spread out over a greater distance. This is called "dE/dx"  Too low of dE/dx means energy is not deposited within a critical radius, and so no nucleation happens. This is similar to how bubble and cloud chambers work (note, however, I was partially mistaken in my original claims, and my fully published paper in a scientific journal will address this soon: if you go cold enough you lower the dE/dx threshold enough and do see reactions from electron recoils from betas for example -- lower temperature lowers both the energy and dE/dx threshold). Lastly, though, it is not strictly a charge versus uncharged thing, so article is not 100% perfectly accurate scientifically. A gamma-ray is not charged and yet will not trigger the chamber until the dE/dx threshold is low enough, since like betas, gammas will interact almost exclusively with the electron cloud, and lead to electron-electron multiple-Coulomb-scattering.

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Do atoms touch?

https://www.sciencealert.com/99-9999999-of-your-body-is-empty-space

https://wtamu.edu/~cbaird/sq/2013/04/16/do-atoms-ever-actually-touch-each-other/

https://www.britannica.com/science/Pauli-exclusion-principle

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/pauli.html

https://www.britannica.com/science/fermion

https://www.pnas.org/content/114/23/5766



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Proton-powered poops

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/01/080109104251.htm

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092867407014791

 

Feb 18, 2020
66 - Hearts
33:56

They say the fastest way to a man’s heart is through his stomach, but I think if you ask a doctor they would probably say that’s wrong! But what do I know?

A very happy Valentine's Day to all of our listeners that do that kind of thing! Sorry we talk about some sort of gross things this time! Kind of spoiling the mood, huh?

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Dr. Clarence Walton Lillehei and Heart Surgery

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002950.htm
https://www.healthline.com/health/open-heart-surgery#when-it's-needed
http://www.understandinganimalresearch.org.uk/why/human-health/history-of-the-heart-lung-machine/
https://www.texasheart.org/heart-health/heart-information-center/frequently-asked-patient-questions/how-is-the-heart-stopped-during-open-heart-surgery/
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/circ.102.suppl_4.IV-87

 

Cold Operating Room

https://www.jtcvs.org/article/S0022-5223(11)00421-1/pdf
https://www.annalsthoracicsurgery.org/article/0003-4975(89)90151-3/pdf

 

Patient-Donor Pump

https://www.annalsthoracicsurgery.org/article/S0003-4975(09)01080-7/pdf
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/01.CIR.100.13.1364
https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/circ.102.suppl_4.IV-87
https://www.jtcvs.org/article/S0022-5223(04)00093-5/pdf
https://books.google.com/books?id=M5sbCxd5cioC

 

[Fact Off]

 

Chopin’s heart

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/06/arts/chopin-heart-tuberculosis.html

https://apnews.com/bc0f09217f564329ae6fa2aefa6349a6/chopins-heart-exhumed-secret-relic

https://www.livescience.com/60953-chopin-pickled-heart-reveals-cause-of-death.html

https://www.amjmed.com/article/S0002-9343(17)31025-2/abstract

https://www.amjmed.com/article/S0002-9343(17)31278-0/abstract

 

Heart catheterization

 

https://www.annalsthoracicsurgery.org/article/0003-4975(90)90272-8/pdf

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/clc.4960150715

https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/1956/forssmann/facts/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/cardiac-catheterization/about/pac-20384695

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Non-human hearts (octopuses, earthworms, etc.)

https://www.sciencefocus.com/nature/why-does-an-octopus-have-more-than-one-heart/

https://www.sas.upenn.edu/~rlenet/Earthworms.html

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(05)60870-7/fulltext

 

Humans multiple hearts

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20131122-can-humans-have-two-hearts

https://health.howstuffworks.com/human-body/systems/circulatory/two-lungs-one-heart1.htm



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Poo-phoria

https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2014/02/18/poo-phoria-passing-a-stool_n_4808627.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3778072

 

 




Feb 11, 2020
65 - Meat
32:58

 

Meat... seems pretty simple on the surface, but what do we really know about it? Like.. are living things made of meat? Or is meat only meat once it's being eaten? What was the first meat? What was the first thing to eat the first meat? Is eating prehistoric meat a good idea? Do we find the answer to any of these questions in this episode? I can't remember, frankly, but probably a few. 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:



[Truth or Fail]

 

Foal

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/scientists-extracted-liquid-blood-42000-year-old-foal-found-siberian-permafrost-180971979/

 

Bison

https://www.uaf.edu/museum/press/spotlight/blue-babe/

https://historythings.com/aged-beef-delicacy-eating-meat-36000-year-old-bison/

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/ancient-bison-stew-blue-babe-alaska

 

Crocodile

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/ancient-egyptians-hunted-then-mummified-crocodiles-180973197/



[Fact Off]

 

Carnivorous Herbivores

https://bioone.org/journals/Northwestern-Naturalist/volume-99/issue-3/NWN18-05.1/Scavenging-By-Snowshoe-Hares-iLepus-americanusi-In-Yukon-Canada/10.1898/NWN18-05.1.short

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/when-herbivores-arent-poor-chicken-got-eaten-cow-180951115/

https://bioone.org/journals/Northwestern-Naturalist/volume-99/issue-3/NWN18-05.1/Scavenging-By-Snowshoe-Hares-iLepus-americanusi-In-Yukon-Canada/10.1898/NWN18-05.1.short

https://www.outdoornews.com/2015/03/19/who-knew-tape-shows-deer-raiding-birds-nests/

 

Dyeing Salmon

https://www.adfg.alaska.gov/index.cfm?adfg=wildlifenews.view_article&articles_id=738

https://nextnature.net/2012/06/dyeing-salmon-pink-for-farms-and-profit

https://www.seattlepi.com/news/article/The-salmon-struggle-A-fish-by-any-other-color-is-1115339.php

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Gamey meat

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0309174015301376

https://extension.umn.edu/preserving-and-preparing/cooking-venison-flavor-and-safety

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6154429/

https://bastyr.edu/news/general-news-health-tips-spotlight-1/2015/08/why-choose-grass-fed-meat

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.361.2312&rep=rep1&type=pdf

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Pork butt

https://www.southernliving.com/bbq/why-is-it-called-boston-butt

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/22382/how-9-cuts-meat-got-their-names




Feb 04, 2020
64 - Music
31:06

So look, Stefan sings a song in this episode, so I’m not sure what more you need. He looked cool as heck when he was doing it and I was really proud of him!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Music & Creativity

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-02/lu-hlt022619.php

 

Inspirational Music & Sports performance

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-01/f-mmi012918.php

 

Music & Driving

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-08/aabu-tdm082213.php

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/e5b0/98e4ef211279d26a14d7502a80232a90dc2d.pdf



[Fact Off]

 

Nanoguitar 

http://news.cornell.edu/stories/1997/07/worlds-smallest-silicon-mechanical-devices-are-made-cornell

Telharmonium

http://synthmuseum.com/magazine/0102jw.html

https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/music-and-theater-arts/21m-380-music-and-technology-contemporary-history-and-aesthetics-fall-2009/lecture-notes-and-videos/MIT21M_380F09_lec11.pdf

http://120years.net/the-telharmonium-thaddeus-cahill-usa-1897/

http://www.csun.edu/~dwh50750/Classes/MUS191/Emusic_readings/ECenturyPartI.html

Scientific American article: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0c/Telharmonium_-_Scientific_American_1907.png

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Timbre

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Sound/timbre.html

https://cecm.indiana.edu/etext/acoustics/chapter1_timbre.shtml

https://ocw.mit.edu/courses/health-sciences-and-technology/hst-725-music-perception-and-cognition-spring-2009/lecture-notes/MITHST_725S09_lec07_timbre.pdf

 

Beetlejuice

https://twitter.com/VoiceSLPChris/status/1111285302352625665/video/1

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Brown note

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=khzDRYfj97AC&pg=PA932&lpg=PA932&dq=the+collophone+commemorated&source=bl&ots=vrgUH_MUh4&sig=Z2nnGZJ6W3_Ph_gzXKuhXCbLfW0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwie2pKZw7_QAhWsJcAKHdIlCYEQ6AEIGzAA#v=onepage&q&f=false

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/ppv35z/in-search-of-the-brown-noise

Jan 28, 2020
63 - Running
30:36

From diet, to shoes, to movement efficiency, people devote their lives to researching and perfecting the art of running. Meanwhile, cheetahs run 75 mph and they sleep all day. No fair!

Ceri caught a plane to run a marathon right after we recorded this! I probably went home and watched TV for four hours. Oh well!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:



[Truth or Fail]

 

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/12275/treadmill-originated-prisons

https://digest.bps.org.uk/2016/10/14/investigating-the-weird-effects-treadmills-have-on-our-perception/

https://www.popsci.com/treadmill-running-illusion/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8692265 (pdf here)

 

[Fact Off]

 

Tiger beetle

https://www.jstor.org/stable/4009161?seq=1

https://phys.org/news/2014-11-tiger-beetle-fast.html

http://news.cornell.edu/stories/1998/01/tiger-beetles-go-blind-chasing-prey-high-speeds

 

Exotendon

https://biomedical-engineering-online.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1475-925X-2-17

https://scopeblog.stanford.edu/2019/08/20/is-a-rubber-band-the-secret-to-running-faster/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Barefoot running

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4550712/

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/the-science-of-barefoot-running-a-personal-journey/

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-03/aaoo-rbm032315.php

https://www.apma.org/Media/position.cfm?ItemNumber=995

https://fl.milesplit.com/articles/112223/most-read-article-of-2017-heels-or-toes-what-is-the-best-way-to-run

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Runner’s diarrhea

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1556421

https://www.mayoclinic.org/runners-diarrhea/expert-answers/faq-20058107



Jan 21, 2020
62 - Magnets
31:17

Wise men have long pondered how magnets work. We all know the answer is “magic,” but Ceri and Hank have to keep up the illusion that science is real, so please humor them.

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

While you're at it, check out the Tangents crew on Twitter: Stefan: @itsmestefanchin Ceri: @ceriley Sam: @slamschultz Hank: @hankgreen

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:



Magnets - 

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Magnet Therapy

https://www.livescience.com/40174-magnetic-therapy.html

 

God Machine

http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/horizon/2003/godonbrain.shtml

https://science.howstuffworks.com/life/inside-the-mind/human-brain/brain-religion2.htm

https://www.psypost.org/2018/01/fake-god-helmet-can-elicit-extraordinary-experiences-especially-among-spiritual-people-50619

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/2153599X.2017.1403952

https://mysteriousuniverse.org/2018/01/test-of-god-helmet-at-music-fest-yields-strange-results/

 

Electro-Metabograph

https://books.google.com/books?id=CeMDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA218&lpg=PA218&dq=Electro-metabograph+machine&source=bl&ots=JjXhceV_VG&sig=ACfU3U3mlpAO1DmRW9B8ef9cSK12nuCRew&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjs2dOe6b_mAhXSHjQIHZPICLMQ6AEwEHoECAoQAQ#v=onepage&q=Electro-metabograph%20machine&f=false

 

Radium Ore Revigator

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/1/100118-radiation-toxic-water-revigator/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Airport runways/WMM

https://www.wired.com/story/airports-rename-runways-magnetic-shift/

https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/news/airport-runway-names-shift-magnetic-field

https://cires.colorado.edu/news/airport-runway-names-shift-earth%E2%80%99s-magnetic-field

https://flightsafety.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/asw_may08_p18-22.pdf

https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag/GeomagneticPoles.shtml

https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/news/world-magnetic-model-2020-released

 

Ferrofluids

http://aerospace.mtu.edu/research/ionic-liquid-ferrofluid-microthrusters/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/chemistry/ferrofluid

https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.4985141

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Demagnetizing

https://www.wired.com/story/the-physics-of-falling-magnets-in-stranger-things-season-3/

https://nationalmaglab.org/education/magnet-academy/plan-a-lesson/demagnetizing

http://www.magmamagnets.com/electromagnets-solenoids/

https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/150570/what-is-the-difference-between-electromagnet-and-solenoid

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Magnetic anal sphincter

https://newsnetwork.mayoclinic.org/discussion/mayo-clinic-first-to-implant-device-to-solve-fecal-incontinence/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27926562

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21654242



Jan 14, 2020
61 - Money
32:04

Listening to Tangents is like making an investment with your brain. And the dividend? Knowledge. Invest today, won't you?


Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Supernotes

https://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/23/magazine/23counterfeit.html

https://www.uscurrency.gov/history

 

Counterfeit $1 bills

https://www.nydailynews.com/news/crime/finding-mr-880-case-1-counterfeit-article-1.109016

https://www.nysun.com/on-the-town/little-old-moneymaker/9282/

pictures: https://thehustle.co/worst-counterfeiter-in-history-mr-880/

https://www.secretservice.gov/about/history/events/

 

Costume jewelry scam

https://books.google.com/books?id=ELgiAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA85&lpg=PA85

https://o.canada.com/technology/nigerian-email-scams-royally-obvious-for-good-reason-study-says-3

 

[Fact Off]

 

Xerox machine anti-counterfeiting

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/67833/counterfeit-chocolate-not-just-thing-past

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20170607-why-printers-add-secret-tracking-dots

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20150624-the-secret-codes-of-british-banknotes

https://murdoch.is/projects/currency/

 

Yap stone money

https://www.npr.org/sections/money/2011/02/15/131934618/the-island-of-stone-money

http://www.bbc.com/travel/story/20180502-the-tiny-island-with-human-sized-money

https://www.sciencealert.com/the-original-bitcoin-still-exists-as-giant-stone-money-on-a-tiny-pacific-island

https://www.sciencenews.org/article/yap-stone-money-bitcoin-blockchain-cryptocurrency

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Plastic vs. paper bills

https://www.banknoteworld.com/blog/the-pros-and-cons-of-polymer-banknotes/

https://www.euronews.com/2018/05/16/polymer-vs-paper-banknotes-which-one-is-better-for-environment-

https://www.forbes.com/sites/davekeating/2019/08/21/englands-new-currency-is-harming-the-climate-report/#543d2d76524f

https://www.moneyboat.co.uk/blog/paper-vs-polymer/

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/-/media/boe/files/banknotes/polymer/lca-of-paper-and-polymer-bank-notes.pdf?la=en&hash=7D3845CE11AD21F300CFA023F8FCF4AA37FB73CC 

 

Composting or washing U.S. money

https://www.cnet.com/news/cash-to-trash-watch-millions-of-dollars-turn-into-compost/

https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/presspacs/2014/acs-presspac-january-8-2014/laundering-money-literally-could-save-billions-of-dollars.html

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Penny swallowing

https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-1998-12-01-9812010102-story.html

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1998/12/981201033841.htm

 

Jan 07, 2020
60 - Light
31:49

SciShow Tangents’ exploration of the electromagnetic spectrum continues with good old, dependable light! What is it? Where does it come from? Only Ceri knows (sort of)!

Also, happy New Year to all of our amazing listeners! Thank you for your support over the last year, and here's to another year of laughing and learning with all of you!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

EROS

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25788334

 

MOZE

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41593-019-0389-0

 

FReSH

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature10428.html

 

[Fact Off]

 

Eidophor

https://www.earlytelevision.org/eidophor.html

https://hackaday.com/2016/03/15/retrotechtacular-eidophor-an-unknown-widely-used-projector/

http://www.film-tech.com/ubb/f1/t004319.html

http://www.earlytelevision.org/yanczer_eidophor.html

 

Centennial light

http://www.centennialbulb.org/index.htm

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/66009/light-bulb-has-been-burning-1901

https://www.lampsplus.com/ideas-and-advice/how-an-incandescent-light-bulb-works/

https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-history/dawn-of-electronics/the-great-lightbulb-conspiracy

https://www.npr.org/2019/03/27/707188193/the-phoebus-cartel

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Brightest artificial light

https://www.wired.co.uk/article/brightest-light-ever-computer-chips

https://www.nature.com/articles/nphoton.2017.100

https://www.unl.edu/diocles/home

https://www.labmanager.com/research-specific-labs/2017/11/home-of-the-world-s-brightest-laser-looks-to-bring-high-quality-x-rays-to-research-medical-applications#.Xe_nrZNKhnN

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Firefly butt vs. LED

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0030402619300452?via%3Dihub

https://www.futurity.org/light-bulbs-leds-fireflies-1988062/



Dec 31, 2019
59 - Radio
35:04

Humans have wielded the power of radio waves for more than a century, but what exactly are they and how do we use them to transmit information? It turns out, even geniuses like Hank and Ceri have a hard time explaining that! 

Also, as our present to you, this is a longer-than-usual episode! Enjoy an extra 5 minutes of nonsense!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

E. coli

https://arxiv.org/abs/1104.3113

https://phys.org/news/2014-04-bacterial-fm-radio.html

 

Cactus Radio

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1shcxHWQas

 

Frequency Comb

https://www.pnas.org/content/116/19/9181

https://www.laserfocusworld.com/lasers-sources/article/14035201/frequency-combs-trick-a-laser-into-producingreceiving-an-rf-signal



[Fact Off]

 

Battle of the Beams

https://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/63/a3714563.shtml

https://www.nytimes.com/1997/12/19/us/r-v-jones-science-trickster-who-foiled-nazis-dies-at-86.html

http://vc.airvectors.net/ttwiz_07.html

RV Jones Obituary

 

W5LFL

https://amsat-uk.org/2013/01/19/amateur-radio-on-bbc-between-the-ears-space-ham/#more-12135

https://www.amsat.org/owen-k-garriott-w5lfl/



[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Analog radio

https://public.wsu.edu/~bryan.mclaughlin/Radio/Who_Invented_Radio.html

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/tryit/radio/radiorelayer.html

https://www.reddit.com/r/explainlikeimfive/comments/4suas5/eli5_why_is_the_sound_quality_of_am_radio_so_much/

 

Digital/HD radio

https://www.fcc.gov/consumers/guides/digital-radio

https://electronics.howstuffworks.com/hd-radio.htm

https://hdradio.com/trademark/

https://www.cnet.com/news/digital-radio-all-you-need-to-know/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Pigeon poop / cosmic microwave background

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/how-scientists-confirmed-big-bang-theory-owe-it-all-to-a-pigeon-trap-180949741/



Dec 24, 2019
58 - Festive Ecology
33:40

Jingle Bells, Frosty the Snowman, Let it Snow; the timeless sounds of the holiday. And to that pantheon of greats is added another track: this 30-minute-long, spoken-word science podcast!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Poinsettia monopoly

https://www.npr.org/2017/12/22/573046507/how-poinsettias-became-synonymous-with-christmas

http://www.mobileranger.com/blog/the-plant-of-christmas-the-poinsettia/

https://www.actahort.org/books/226/226_34.htm

https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2008-dec-23-me-poinsettia23-story.html

https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/download/12136/PDF

 

Vanilla flavor

https://www.huffpost.com/entry/ice-cream-bananas_n_55f8d911e4b0d6492d638853

https://www.webmd.com/children/features/is-poinsettia-really-poisonous

 

Latex/rubber

https://web.extension.illinois.edu/poinsettia/facts.cfm

http://www.industrialrubbergoods.com/natural-rubber.html

https://www.thespruce.com/facts-about-poinsettias-that-may-surprise-you-2132343

 

[Fact Off]

 

Tinniculite 

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1134%2FS1075701517070078

https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/msa/ammin/article/102/2/466/264546/new-mineral-names

https://www.mdpi.com/2075-163X/9/6/373/htm 

 

Pine needle recycling

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329280439_Fuels_and_Value-Added_Chemicals_from_Biomass

https://theconversation.com/new-recycling-process-could-help-your-christmas-tree-lead-a-surprising-second-life-107984

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1876610217350713 

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Natural vs. artificial tree

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/26/business/energy-environment/fake-christmas-tree-vs-real-tree.html

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2018/12/14/real-vs-fake-heres-why-artificial-christmas-trees-rise/2314418002/

https://www.sfgate.com/realestate/article/Real-vs-Artificial-Christmas-Tree-Which-Is-More-14866084.php

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2018/12/14/real-vs-fake-heres-why-artificial-christmas-trees-rise/2314418002/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Mistletoe

https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/special/metro/urban-jungle/pages/121218.html

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/culturing-science/mistletoe-natural-history/

https://www.etymonline.com/word/mistletoe

https://www.etymonline.com/word/missel?ref=etymonline_crossreference

 

Dec 17, 2019
57 - Ceramics
32:12

From ancient clay pots to the heat-proof panels on the space shuttle, ceramics have been an integral part of human technology from the very beginning. I can’t even think of any jokes about ceramic! It’s just cool!

 

More importantly! Over the last week or so, Hank has absolutely ruined everyones’ Twitter timelines with one simple question: “is butt legs?” In this episode, you get to bear ear-witness to the genesis of this wretched, society-shattering question! #buttislegs

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Non-deflatable football

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deflategate

http://www.madehow.com/Volume-1/Air-Bag.html

 

Strong water

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Aluminum-oxide#section=Mechanism-of-Action

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.470.4214&rep=rep1&type=pdf

 

Pajamas

https://www.underarmour.com/en-us/tb12

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3699878/

https://www.espn.com/espnw/life-style/story/_/id/23315114/we-tried-do-tom-brady-recovery-pajamas-live-their-name

 

[Fact Off]

 

Moon art

https://www.moma.org/collection/works/62272

https://www.pbs.org/opb/historydetectives/investigation/moon-museum/

https://garage.vice.com/en_us/article/zmabk4/moon-museum

 

Magnetic field

https://www.livescience.com/57868-earth-magnetic-field-spike-ancient-times.html

https://www.space.com/43173-earth-magnetic-field-flips-when.html

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/02/14/515032512/iron-age-potters-carefully-recorded-earths-magnetic-field-by-accident

https://www.newyorker.com/tech/annals-of-technology/earths-mysterious-magnetic-field-stored-in-a-jar?verso=true

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Glazes

https://edu.rsc.org/feature/the-chemistry-of-pottery/2020245.article

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/materials-science/glaze

 

Specific materials (tin, salt, etc.) 

https://www.thesprucecrafts.com/ceramic-and-glaze-fluxes-2745860

https://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1560&context=open_access_etds

https://www.britannica.com/art/tin-glazed-earthenware

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Ceramic butt wiping

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/toilet-tissue-anthropologists-uncover-all-the-ways-weve-wiped/

https://www.bmj.com/content/345/bmj.e8287.full



Dec 10, 2019
56 - Bones
29:02

 

Bones… seems like a simple enough topic, right? Well, would you believe me if I told you that scientists can’t even agree on how and why bones evolved in the first place?! And teeth? Don’t even get us started on teeth...

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:



[Truth or Fail]

 

Bone Conduction

https://www.kqed.org/science/1926248/how-elephants-listen-with-their-feet

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2001/03/010312071729.htm

https://news.stanford.edu/news/2009/february18/elephants-triangulation-seismic-vibration-signal-021809.html

 

Chew Bones

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2017/07/giraffes-eat-skeletons-bones-spd/

https://repository.up.ac.za/bitstream/handle/2263/9767/Bredin_Can(2008).pdf;jsessionid=8BFA2F57B27C91C3BB4F18175D4712A8?sequence=1

 

Glowing Bones

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2018/01/chameleon-bones-florescent-ultraviolet-light-spd/

https://www.sciencealert.com/these-cute-little-orange-frogs-have-a-florescent-secret-under-their-skin

 

[Fact Off]

 

Myotragus goat

https://www.pnas.org/content/106/48/20354

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1325260/

https://phys.org/news/2009-11-extinct-goat-cold-blooded.html

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/80beats/2009/11/17/extinct-goat-tried-out-reptilian-cold-blooded-living-it-didnt-work/#.XdMCY5JKhxw

pics: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myotragus

 

Subvocalization remote

https://www.fastcompany.com/90167411/mit-invents-a-way-to-turn-silent-speech-into-computer-commands

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

Bone evolution:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3237026/

https://austhrutime.com/bone.htm

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC509207/

 

Aspidin: 

https://natureecoevocommunity.nature.com/users/169723-joseph-keating/posts/37157-aspidin-a-bone-of-contention

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6109381/

 

Teeth: 

https://www.nature.com/news/fossil-scans-reveal-origins-of-teeth-1.13964

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn24268-fish-fossil-suggests-our-skeleton-evolved-face-first/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

Lizard Tails:

https://www.futurity.org/salamanders-lizards-tails-regeneration-1838762/

Dec 03, 2019
55 - Nutrition
30:13

When it comes to proper nutrition, just about the only thing everyone can agree on is that people need to eat food. Everything else, from eggs to carbs to vitamins, is basically up in the air! The Tangents crew wades into the quagmire that is modern nutrition science to see if we can figure out what the heck humans are supposed to be eating!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Chemical Contamination

https://www.circleofblue.org/2018/world/remembering-michigans-pbb-crisis/

https://www.mlive.com/news/2016/05/velsicol_superfund_st_louis_pb.html

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/12/001214082240.htm

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/199/4334/1207

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polybrominated_biphenyl

 

Ants and Insulin

https://www.quantamagazine.org/how-insulin-helped-create-ant-societies-20180814/

 

Panda Digestion

https://www.livescience.com/50871-pandas-gut-bacteria-bamboo-digestion.html

 

[Fact Off]

 

Osedax worms

https://sfamjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00824.x 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0967063707001483

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/305/5684/668/tab-pdf

 

“Vitamin” B17 aka. Laetrile

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.3322/canjclin.31.2.91?sid=nlm%3Apubmed

https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/cam/hp/laetrile-pdq#_10

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK65988/

https://www.amboss.com/us/knowledge/Vitamins

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

History of nutrition science

https://www.bmj.com/content/361/bmj.k2392

 

Nutrition research is complicated

https://www.vox.com/2016/1/14/10760622/nutrition-science-complicated

https://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/explore-healing-practices/food-medicine/why-does-nutrition-advice-change

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Sewage sludge protein 

https://www.feednavigator.com/Article/2017/04/06/Sewage-sludge-to-animal-feed




Nov 26, 2019
54 - Transportation
29:24

Be Advised! This episode was recorded before we decided to reset the scores for Season 2 and rename them Sambucks. Please don't tweet at us about this (and if you do tweet at us about it, be nice)!

 

People absolutely love going places and doing stuff! And in our zeal to go places and do stuff even faster, we've invented some wild things. Come with us on journey of discovery as we sail the seven seas of science and fly the friendly skies of... innovation...? 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Loading Patterns

https://www.who.int/ith/mode_of_travel/tcd_aircraft/en/

https://www.pnas.org/content/115/14/3623

 

Reducing Fiber 

https://www.businessinsider.com/heres-why-you-should-fart-in-planes-2013-2

 

Dirtiest Part of a Plane

https://www.travelmath.com/feature/airline-hygiene-exposed/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Ski lift

https://www.uh.edu/engines/epi2953.htm

Pictures/info: https://books.google.com/books?id=slgEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA23&lpg=PA23

https://books.google.com/books?id=XFgEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA38&lpg=PA38

https://www.uprr.com/newsinfo/releases/heritage_and_steam/2006/0228_skilift.shtml

 

Flight suit

https://www.thevintagenews.com/2016/04/13/wiley-post-one-eyed-pilot-first-fly-solo-around-world-developed-first-pressure-suits-discovered-jet-stream/

https://airandspace.si.edu/multimedia-gallery/si-98-15012hjpg

https://www.airspacemag.com/videos/category/new-label/this-pressure-suit-helped-pilots-survive-new/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

License plate restrictions

https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/mar/20/licence-plate-driving-bans-paris-ineffective-air-pollution

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095756416000039 

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0967070X01000245?via%3Dihub

 

Braess’ Paradox

http://homepage.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/Dietrich.Braess/Paradox-BNW.pdf

https://phys.org/news/2010-09-scientist-braess-paradox-high-traffic.html

 

Removing roads

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2006/nov/01/society.travelsenvironmentalimpact

https://www.landscapeperformance.org/case-study-briefs/cheonggyecheon-stream-restoration

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Fart volume

https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/how-big-is-a-fart-somewhere-between-a-bottle-of-nail-polish-and-a-can-of-soda/



Nov 19, 2019
53 - Cryptography
32:10

Human beings have always been keeping secrets from each other. They've also always been trying desperately to figure out everyone else's secrets. That's probably why we've had cryptography, the art of hiding messages with codes, for almost as long as we've had written language!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

One-time pad

https://www.cia.gov/about-cia/cia-museum/experience-the-collection/index.html#!/artifact/21

https://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/~mrh/330tutor/vernam.pdf

http://www.cs.columbia.edu/~CS4HS/talks/FrankMillerOneTimePad.pdf

https://books.google.com/books?id=tT9WAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA1&source=gbs_selected_pages&cad=2#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://netlab.cs.ucla.edu/wiki/files/shannon1949.pdf

 

Steganographia

http://profs.sci.univr.it/~giaco/download/Watermarking-Obfuscation/Trithemius.pdf

 

[Fact Off]

 

Chemical messages

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4857388/

 

Brainwave ID

https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/246902

https://www.theverge.com/2013/4/8/4196396/affordable-brainwave-sensors-could-make-typed-passwords-obsolete

http://people.ischool.berkeley.edu/~chuang/pubs/usec13.pdf

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Timeline

http://pi.math.cornell.edu/~morris/135/timeline.html

 

Khnumhotep II tomb

https://books.google.com/books?id=3S8rhOEmDIIC&printsec=frontcover&dq=codebreakers+david+kahn&hl=en&newbks=1&newbks_redir=0&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjehLCC5dDlAhWtiOAKHR07DqUQ6AEwAHoECAYQAg#v=onepage&q=khnumhotep&f=false

 

Scytale

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0161-119891886902

https://www.cs.uri.edu/cryptography/classicaltransposition.htm

picture: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skytale.png

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Secret butt compartment

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2017/12/letters-found-butt-jesus-statue-time-capsule-spain-spd/



Nov 12, 2019
52 - Fire
31:47

Ancient man harnessing and wielding the elemental power of the flame was pretty cool, I guess, but I think this being Tangent's one year anniversary is a little cooler, honestly! Plus, we announce who won the first season, so actually this episode is sort of twice as important as fire if you think about it!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Fire-chasing beetles

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0037627

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/227016226_The_Photomechanic_Infrared_Receptor_for_the_Detection_of_Forest_Fires_in_the_Buprestid_Beetle_Melanophila_Acuminata

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/artful-amoeba/how-a-half-inch-beetle-finds-fires-80-miles-away/

https://www.jstor.org/stable/3998979?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2012/05/27/fire-chasing-beetles-sense-infrared-radiation-from-fires-hundreds-of-kilometres-away/

https://academic.oup.com/jee/article-abstract/36/2/341/2202937

 

[Fact Off]

 

Surgical fires

https://www.livescience.com/65615-chest-cavity-fire-surgery.html

https://www.ismp.org/resources/surgical-fires-caused-skin-preps-and-ointments-rare-dangerous-and-preventable

 

Death ray building

https://twitter.com/tara_mulholland/status/374877389425086464?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E374877389425086464&ref_url=https%3A%2F%2Ffinancialpost.com%2Fnews%2Flondons-fryscraper-owners-to-spend-millions-of-pounds-to-block-car-melting-beam

https://www.pri.org/stories/2013-09-03/londons-walkie-talkie-skyscraper-blamed-melting-cars-starting-small-fire

https://www.livescience.com/39371-skyscraper-melts-cars-20-fenchurch.html

https://www.mississauga.com/news-story/4067822-london-s-fryscaper-draws-crowd-on-hottest-day/

https://www.cityam.com/exclusive-walkie-scorchie-melted-my-jag/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Flame Extinguishment Experiment (FLEX) 

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/news/FLEX_Video.html

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/in-space-flames-behave-in-ways-nobody-thought-possible-132637810/

 

Cool flames

https://blogs.nasa.gov/ISS_Science_Blog/2013/11/25/cool-flames-on-the-international-space-station-an-anatomy-of-discovery/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0010218012002131

https://youtu.be/BxxqCLxxY3M

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Incinerating toilets

http://www.nsf.org/consumer-resources/water-quality/wastewater-sewage-treatment/electrical-incinerating-toilets

https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-06/documents/incinera.pdf

 

 

Nov 05, 2019
51 - Greatest Fears: Spiders!
32:28

 

SciShow Tangents' Month of Fear concludes with what is undeniably the scariest, most valid fear of any of those discussed... spiders! I'm not saying spiders will pour out of your headphones and into your ears when you listen to this, but I'm also not promising they won't.

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

 

Records

https://thevinylfactory.com/features/the-10-weirdest-things-pressed-into-vinyl-records-this-year/

https://www.npr.org/2016/01/09/462289635/bones-and-grooves-weird-secret-history-of-soviet-x-ray-music

 

Tattoos

https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/gwitchin-tattoo-skin-stitching-first-nations-1.3796606

 

Canvases

https://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2008/07/cobwebportraits.html

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/the-lost-art-of-painting-on-cobweb-canvases

https://phys.org/news/2010-05-scientists-goats-spider-silk.html

 

[Fact Off]


Social Spiders and Climate Change

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20160122-meet-the-spiders-that-have-formed-armies-50000-strong

https://www.c2es.org/content/hurricanes-and-climate-change/

https://files.springernature.com/getResource/Full%20text%3A%2041559_2019_Article_951.pdf?token=IULUvIufpS8AXE43riPpExKrcZMUcwpHIO0w4yhOno61RnG9Vz6%2Fr7GCrI5AcBi92o1n3tikPjKFkiYotkHNpNM75Zwrwg1JnULfD6ql3lZMwRUq%2BjY6%2Bb473tArt0GuuCh%2FZ3DLB4IVSRfpmhKqIISMiOJ9tTLrIGK0vHQINgN44sznjQXmk0pryEm0LvjA6R1Se4bGQnT7HNP7lnlhp40M0VnqSPp7kwO%2Fuk2bUqy4COccDRtTVCPDgs7U4YSWyv%2Fi23JyvxcNn%2FimbRvGGUzrTRNudjjy%2F%2BHxW2LWIr3pVOi7DxxT%2BfJbe2J2INb7mSnxANKxcm2QxaNEzOo9fA%3D%3D

 

Spider Milk

 

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/362/6418/1052

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/29/science/spiders-milk.html

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Web construction

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/ask-smithsonian-how-do-spiders-make-webs-180957426/

https://sciencing.com/identify-spider-pattern-8635659.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6053566/

 

Making silk

https://www.livescience.com/32582-how-do-spiders-make-silk.html

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/spidroins

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Trashline orb weavers

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/meet-the-spiders-that-completely-defy-what-we-know-as-jet-lag/

https://nature.mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/trashline-orbweavers

Oct 29, 2019
50 - Greatest Fears: Confined Spaces!
33:09

SciShow Tangents' Month of Fear continues and… wait… do you feel it… the walls they’re... closing in around you! Crushing you!

 

...were you scared? Well, if you were Hank you probably would have been because his fear is enclosed spaces! How is that related to science? Good question!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Fire Extinguisher

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-04/tuot-ncf041819.php

 

Water-Filled Suit

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214552417301335

 

Air Purifier

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/06/space-station-mold-survives-200-times-radiation-dose-would-kill-human

 

[Fact Off]

 

Noc the beluga whale

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/story-one-whale-who-tried-bridge-linguistic-divide-between-animals-humans-180951437/?page=1

http://cell.com/current-biology/supplemental/S0960-9822%2812%2901009-3

https://www.public.navy.mil/navwar/NIWC-Pacific/technology/Pages/mammals.aspx

Normal beluga: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DdDl7PD8uBQ - Credit- chrisgotachannel

Noc sound: https://www.nature.com/news/the-whale-that-talked-1.11635

 

Dark flies

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/loom/2012/03/14/fifty-seven-years-of-darkness/#.XaY74udKgW_

https://phys.org/news/2016-02-evolution-dark-fly.html

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/02/160204111403.htm

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Estimates of plant rooms

https://io9.gizmodo.com/how-many-plants-would-you-need-to-generate-oxygen-for-y-5955071

http://www.madsci.org/posts/archives/1999-02/917906305.Bt.r.html

https://everything2.com/title/How+much+plant+life+is+needed+to+keep+a+person+alive+in+a+sealed+room%253F

 

Photorespiration

http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/155/1/56

 

Biosphere 2

http://biosphere2.org/visit/about-biosphere2/fast-facts

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/29/sunday-review/biosphere-2-climate-change.html

https://academic.oup.com/bioscience/article/68/9/722/5055575?searchresult=1

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Apollo 10 floating poop

https://www.vox.com/2015/5/26/8646675/apollo-10-turd-poop

https://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/a410/AS10_CM.PDF



Oct 22, 2019
49 - Greatest Fears: Decomposition!
32:43

As the SciShow Tangents Month of Fear continues, your hosts get down into the wormy, slimy muck to discuss Ceri’s biggest fear: decomposition! Does that sound too generic to be truly terrifying? That’s what Sam thought too, and now he is also quite scared of decomposing! Boo!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Straw Urinals - https://www.unreservedmedia.com/paris-open-air-urinals/

Peepee Day - https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/earthnews/6554958/Urinate-on-the-compost-heap-to-save-the-planet-says-the-National-Trust.html

https://grist.org/living/ask-umbra-can-i-pee-in-my-compost-pile/

Human Composting - https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/washington-first-state-allow-burial-method-human-composting-180972020/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Ocean viruses - https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/3/9/e1602565.full

https://www.ocean.washington.edu/courses/oc400/Arrigo2005.pdf

 

Burying beetles - https://www.fws.gov/Midwest/endangered/insects/ambb/abb_fact.html

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2018/10/news-burying-beetle-nursery-bacteria-fungus-decomposition/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Food Safety

https://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/wcm/connect/fsis-content/internet/main/topics/food-safety-education/get-answers/food-safety-fact-sheets/safe-food-handling/food-safety-tips-for-college-students/ct_index

https://food.unl.edu/will-reheating-food-make-it-safe-if-you-forget-refrigerate-it

https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/food-technology/bacterial-food-poisoning/

https://www.fda.gov/food/consumers/what-you-need-know-about-foodborne-illnesses

 

Decomposers

https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/dsny/docs/tip-sheet-decomposer-id-cpts-id-f.pdf

 

Pizza (Quora answer)

https://www.quora.com/Is-it-safe-to-eat-pizza-left-out-overnight

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

A/V plug

http://www.orderofthegooddeath.com/deathly-doodle-leakage

http://fluidpusher.blogspot.com/2009/10/questions-of-day-jenn-edition.html



Oct 15, 2019
48 - Greatest Fears: Sharks!
30:54

SciShow Tangents' Month of Fear continues! This week, Stefan is confronted by his fear of sharks! Thrill as we weave a tale of nigh-immortal sharks! Feel the chills run down your spine as you learn about how weird shark penises are! Try not to scream when you hear about Sharkarado, the Shark Colorado! This episode... might be too scary!!! 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

Sharks -

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Still Shark Eggs

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0052551

 

Tiger Shark Siblings

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/baby-sand-tiger-sharks-devour-their-siblings-while-still-in-the-womb-46192985/

 

Thermal Vents

https://www.livescience.com/61699-skates-eggs-thermal-vents.html

 

[Fact Off]

 

White Shark Café

https://schmidtocean.org/cruise/voyage-white-shark-cafe/#data

http://whitesharkcafe.org/media/photos-videos

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/05/28/613394086/great-white-sharks-have-a-secret-cafe-and-they-led-scientists-right-to-it

https://www.sfchronicle.com/news/article/Mysterious-great-white-shark-lair-discovered-in-13234068.php

https://www.nature.com/articles/415035b

 

Greenland sharks eating seals

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022098112001657?via%3Dihub

https://animals.mom.me/seals-sleep-4736.html

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/6/120626-greenland-sharks-seals-sleeping-animals-science/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Intromittent organs/penises

https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/56/4/705/2198314

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2013/06/scienceshot-birds-disappearing-penis

 

Shark claspers

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/04/how-shark-penises-evolved

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms7698

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/clasper

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Coprolite shark tooth

https://www.earthtouchnews.com/discoveries/fossils/that-time-a-prehistoric-shark-took-a-bite-out-of-a-turd/

Oct 08, 2019
47 - Greatest Fears: Failure with Caitlin Hofmeister
33:33

Here at Tangents, we don't mess around when it comes to Halloween. So each week in October, the topic will be one of our greatest fears! Hank was apparently too afraid to even be on this episode, so instead special guest Caitlin Hofmeister confronts her fear of failure as we tell her tales of science gone wrong!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Bubble Wrap

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/accidental-invention-bubble-wrap-180971325/

 

Whoopee Cushion

https://torontoist.com/2013/04/toronto-invents-the-whoopee-cushion/

 

Vaseline

https://www.dummies.com/education/history/american-history/the-history-of-an-incredibly-useful-u-s-product-vaseline/

https://www.damninteresting.com/nugget/story-of-vaseline/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Mosquito self-limiting gene

 https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-49660-6

https://www.inverse.com/article/59254-genetically-modified-mosquitoes

 

Four Pests campaign

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/bodyhorrors/2014/02/26/mao-four-pests-china-disease/#.XKzfDOtKhxw

https://io9.gizmodo.com/china-s-worst-self-inflicted-environmental-disaster-th-5927112

https://chineseposters.net/themes/four-pests.php

http://www.zonaeuropa.com/20061130_1.htm

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1127087/ 

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Killifish

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/354/6317/1305

https://www.ucdavis.edu/news/against-tide-fish-adapts-quickly-lethal-levels-pollution/

https://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/09/science/atlantic-killifish-evolution-pollution.html 

 

Radiotrophic fungi

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/radiation-helps-fungi-grow/

https://mbio.asm.org/content/7/6/e01483-16

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0000457 

 

Birds

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/04/140424223057.htm

https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1365-2435.12283 

https://www.cell.com/trends/ecology-evolution/pdf/S0169-5347(16)00019-7.pdf 

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Artificial poop pills

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/08/sham-poo-washes-out/493811/ 

https://academic.oup.com/jid/article/214/2/173/2572105



Oct 01, 2019
46 - Plastic
29:23

Plastic: space age wonder material or planet-destroying scourge? The real answer may lie... somewhere in the middle (but leaning more towards scourge). Plus, learn exactly how many lego minifigures you can eat before you die!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Milk

https://blogs.getty.edu/iris/galalith-alchemy-in-the-age-of-plastic/

https://www.chemistryworld.com/podcasts/casein/3007625.article

https://www.ganoksin.com/article/galalith-jewelry-milk-stone/

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/bring-science-home-milk-plastic/

 

Blood

https://books.google.com/books?id=3uoiAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA9

https://docsouth.unc.edu/nc/rjrtags/ill65.htmlhttps://surface.syr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1261&context=beads

https://materialdistrict.com/material/blood-plastic/

https://surface.syr.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1261&context=beads

pictures: https://www.hippohardware.com/blogs/news/at-deaths-door-a-history-of-hemacite

 

Venom

http://www.t3db.ca/toxins/T3D2544

 

[Fact Off]

 

Bees and plastic

https://www.sciencealert.com/wild-bees-have-been-found-building-nests-entirely-out-of-plastic-for-the-first-time

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13592-019-00635-6
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-03/pp-bsw030117.php

https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1890/ES13-00308.1

 

Celluloid billiard balls 

http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_eye/2015/05/13/the_death_of_billiards_and_the_rise_of_plastic_on_99_invisible_with_roman.html

https://www.liveabout.com/what-pool-balls-are-made-of-368742

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/once-upon-time-exploding-billiard-balls-were-everyday-thing-180962751/

http://mentalfloss.com/article/64247/first-plastic-billiard-balls-routinely-exploded

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Corn plastic

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/environmental-impact-of-corn-based-plastics/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/corn-plastic-to-the-rescue-126404720/

https://mcgillcompost.com/blog/recycling-number-7-pla-plastics

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Eating LEGO

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jpc.14309 



Sep 24, 2019
45 - Teens
31:45

For humans, the teenage years are marked by angst, self-discovery, and homework. For elephants, they’re marked by pus-weeping face glands, uncontrollable rage, a green penis!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Guevedoces:

https://secondnexus.com/opinion/the-intersex-children-of-salinas/

https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-34290981

https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/924291-overview

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2265.1991.tb03769.x

 

Cat scratch disease: https://www.sciencealert.com/a-case-of-schizophrenia-found-to-be-a-bad-case-of-cat-scratch-disease

 

[Fact Off]

 

Music

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/in-teen-music-choices-fear-rules/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=%22Gregory+S.+Berns%22

 

Elephant Musth

https://www.bbcearth.com/blog/?article=teenage-elephants-need-a-father-figure

http://www.rhinoresourcecenter.com/index.php?s=1&act=pdfviewer&id=1253211728&folder=125

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Risk taking/brain development

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3445337/

https://opentextbc.ca/introductiontopsychology/chapter/6-3-adolescence-developing-independence-and-identity/

 

Lying

http://www.jeffreyarnett.com/articles/articles/ARNETT_the_right_to_do_wrong.pdf

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001691815300184

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0109591

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Koala pap

https://www.savethekoala.com/about-koalas/life-cycle-koala

http://koalainfo.com/pap-the-first-solid-food-of-koalas



Sep 17, 2019
44 - Fashion
31:45

New York Fashion Week is in full swing, and the world's most stylish science podcast is celebrating by exploring the intersection of fashion and science!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Beards & miasma theory

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/plague-know/

https://mentalfloss.com/article/31056/why-did-people-wear-powdered-wigs

https://io9.gizmodo.com/the-science-behind-todays-plague-doctor-costume-1737404375

 

Lightning rods

https://www.newspapers.com/clip/9256546/lubbock_morning_avalanche/

https://books.google.com/books?id=UEH1AgAAQBAJ&pg=PA184

https://books.google.com/books?id=g6cwDwAAQBAJ&pg=PA190

Pictures: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lightning_rod_fashion

 

Bulletproof silk

https://jaoa.org/article.aspx?articleid=2578879

http://mentalfloss.com/article/24039/brief-history-bulletproof-vests

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2014/jul/29/bulletproof-silk-vest-prevent-first-world-war-royal-armouries

 

[Fact Off]

 

Julie and ear grass

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10071-014-0766-8

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/animal-fashion-some-chimps-are-putting-grass-ears-and-nobody-knows-why-180951888/?no-ist

Lizards and human shirts

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0182146

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/08/170809142029.htm

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Bamboo

http://www.patagonia.com/static/on/demandware.static/-/Library-Sites-PatagoniaShared/default/dw0de5a5be/PDF-US/bamboo_rayon.pdf

 

Hemp

https://slate.com/technology/2011/04/hemp-versus-cotton-which-is-better-for-the-environment.html

 

Wool

https://www.iwto.org/news/environmental-impacts-wool-textiles

 

Linen

https://econation.co.nz/linen/

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320307130_GOING_ECO_GOING_DUTCH_A_local_and_closed_loop_textile_production_system

 

Mass production (dyeing, burning)

https://e360.yale.edu/features/can_waterless_dyeing_processes_clean_up_clothing_industry_pollution

https://www.vox.com/the-goods/2018/9/17/17852294/fashion-brands-burning-merchandise-burberry-nike-h-and-m

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Cow manure clothes

https://www.huffpost.com/entry/poop-clothing_n_58e7d6f0e4b058f0a02efa77

Sep 10, 2019
43 - Navigation
31:47

Wether it's a human trying to figure out the quickest way to the airport, a salmon returning to the waters where they were born, or a dog trying to figure out the perfect place to poop, almost everyliving thing uses some sort of innate or technological navigation system every day. 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Trying to get Stefan’s research! I’ll post it when i do! -sam 

 

[Fact Off]

 

Marine chronometer

http://www.jgiesen.de/LunarDistance/index.html

https://www.jstor.org/stable/3087198?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

https://timeandnavigation.si.edu/navigating-at-sea/longitude-problem

https://archive.org/details/principlesmrhar00unkngoog/page/n22

https://www.timeandwatches.com/p/the-detent-escapement-from-marine.html

 

Etak navigator

https://www.fastcompany.com/3047828/who-needs-gps-the-forgotten-story-of-etaks-amazing-1985-car-navigation-system

https://hackaday.com/2018/06/29/how-etak-paved-the-way-to-personal-navigation/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Sunstone/calcite:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2011/11/viking-sunstone-revealed

https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/04/mysterious-sunstones-in-medieval-viking-texts-could-really-have-worked/

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rsos.172187

https://www.nature.com/news/2011/110131/full/news.2011.58.html

 

Image of calcite: https://www.sciencesource.com/Doc/TR1_WATERMARKED/6/9/f/3/SS2509789.jpg?d63642476241

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Dog pooping: 

https://blog.nationalgeographic.org/2014/01/03/dogs-sense-earths-magnetic-field/



Sep 03, 2019
42 - Precious Metals
31:29

Almost all of human culture and economics is structured around a handful of pretty metals that we have arbitrarily assigned value to! 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

Precious Metals - 

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Silver nanoparticles

https://jnanobiotechnology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12951-017-0254-9

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-05/osu-elc051418.php

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/07/embryo-inspired-bandage-17-times-stickier-band-aid

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2019-02/ez-pnf021419.php

Copper

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK225400/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/biochemistry-genetics-and-molecular-biology/copper-toxicity

Platinum

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29632935

https://www.forbes.com/sites/carmendrahl/2017/04/14/why-is-platinum-in-some-chemotherapy-drugs-and-can-we-improve-them/#1a89a88417d4



[Fact Off]

 

Alchemy and phosphorus:

https://phys.org/news/2019-01-phosphorus-years-discovery-vital-element.html

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/02/02/465188104/phosphorus-starts-with-pee-in-this-tale-of-scientific-serendipity

 

Gold vein earthquakes: 

https://www.nature.com/news/earthquakes-make-gold-veins-in-an-instant-1.12615

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/earthquakes-are-basically-gold-factories-4659100/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Nickel allergy/reactivity:

https://www.nickelinstitute.org/about-nickel/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4783936/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3047925/

https://books.google.com/books?id=CpAM1U1efqcC&pg=PA120

 

Gold allergy/reactivity:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11244133

https://books.google.com/books?id=1mk3lFVtBSQC&pg=PA104

 

Implant metals:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9440845 

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Metals in poop:

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es505329q

https://www.pnas.org/content/112/29/8803.full

 

Aug 27, 2019
41 - Extremophiles
33:32

Extremophiles are tough little guys that not only survive but thrive in the harshest environments on Earth; unforgiving places like volcanic vents at the bottom of the sea, lakes of acid, and your bellybutton!

 

To learn more about extremophiles and a whole universe of other microscopic creatures, check out Journey to the Microcosmos at https://www.youtube.com/microcosmos

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

 

Single-species Ecosystem

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn10336-gold-mine-holds-life-untouched-by-the-sun/

 

Extremophile Cheese

https://www.businessinsider.com/belly-button-innie-inside-cheese-bacteria-lint-fungi-2019-7

 

Fluffy Pink Golden Fungus

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/scientists-discover-fungus-capable-collecting-gold-its-environment-180972293/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Berkeley pit extremophiles:

https://medium.com/vision-2018/life-from-the-pit-70d3e0fbc0f6

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zEnWZcG3Nzk

https://cen.acs.org/biological-chemistry/natural-products/Scientists-mine-potential-drugs-Berkeley/97/i18



PCR & Taq polymerase:

https://www.genome.gov/about-genomics/fact-sheets/Polymerase-Chain-Reaction-Fact-Sheet

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/probe/docs/techpcr/

https://www.thermofisher.com/order/catalog/product/10342020

https://www.yellowstonepark.com/things-to-do/yellowstone-bacteria-beer-science

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Extremophiles:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4187170/

 

Bacteria vs. Archaea:

http://bio1520.biology.gatech.edu/biodiversity/prokaryotes-bacteria-archaea-2/

https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/archaea/archaea.html

 

Archaea characteristics:

https://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/astrobiology/environments/

https://microbiologyonline.org/about-microbiology/introducing-microbes/archaea

https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/archaea/archaeamm.html

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Pompeii worm:

https://serc.carleton.edu/microbelife/topics/marinesymbiosis/pompeii.html

http://faculty.montgomerycollege.edu/gyouth/FP_examples/student_examples/sathya_ramachandran/pompeiiworms.html

 

Aug 20, 2019
40 - Acid
32:31

This week, the Other Couch's high-school-level understanding of chemistry is really put to the test as we talk about acids! What is it? How does it dissolve things? It has something to do... with protons? It seems way simpler in the movies!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Formic acid (general):

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Formic-acid

 

Fire ant antivenom:

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/343/6174/1014.abstract

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/invasive-crazy-ants-are-eating-up-invasive-fire-ants-in-the-south-65189409/

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-rise-of-the-crazy-ants/

 

Bone-house wasps:

https://www.wired.com/2014/07/the-spider-eating-bone-house-wasp/

 

Electricity-generating wasps:

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/12/101221-solar-power-hornet-science-animals/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Internal sensor:

https://www.seeker.com/when-swallowed-this-sensor-is-powered-by-stomach-acid-2248294501.html

 

Pregnancy gif:

https://giphy.com/gifs/pregnancy-baby-fetus-WS91RYT47sA6I

https://imgur.com/gallery/d7n3eIH

 

Moss bandage:

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-humble-moss-helped-heal-wounds-thousands-WWI-180963081/

https://images.app.goo.gl/TWkw555pqQcRF4Ap8

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Battery energy storage:

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-do-batteries-store-an/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IV4IUsholjg&list=PL8dPuuaLjXtPHzzYuWy6fYEaX9mQQ8oGr

 

Lead-acid batteries:

https://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/lead_based_batteries

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/electric/leadacid.html

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Lactate in poop:

https://www.bostonmagazine.com/health/2019/06/28/elite-boston-marathon-runners-gut-microbiome/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-019-0485-4.epdf?shared_access_token=xCml86ZQ-k8Zvr3s6oKpQtRgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0MjZd6ixHPTsupqpvAmfuTRFOp9Or0mmkZVa1zY3ynCnAjKAb3-gUiOKz9q8q1HppxFMlzkngph-k3PsyAkb1OXmTUSrqUYgHwmc7t0ak1vCw%3D%3D

Aug 13, 2019
39 - Deserts
30:38

You might think you know everything there is to know about deserts: big, sandy, hot, etc. But between the alien mummies and the ice blades, we're guessing there's a lot you don't know. All that and you get to see Hank just totally embarrass himself while trying to talk about Pokemon. 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

Atacama Desert:

 

Ata:

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/22/science/ata-mummy-alien-chile.html

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/tiny-alien-skeleton-found-chile-was-likely-result-genetic-mutations-180968576/

Ice Blades: 

https://www.sciencealert.com/eerie-ice-spires-harbour-life-in-one-of-the-harshest-environments-on-earth

Microbes:

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-35051-w

https://earthsky.org/earth/mars-like-atacanda-desert-rain-brings-death

 

[Fact Off]

 

Thorny devil lizard:

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rsos.170591



Libyan Desert glass:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/5196362.stm

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022309384901777

https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/geology/article-abstract/47/7/609/570318/overestimation-of-threat-from-100-mt-class?redirectedFrom=fulltext

https://theconversation.com/how-we-solved-the-mystery-of-libyan-desert-glass-117253

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Sand depth:

https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-1-4614-9213-9_325-1

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-65661-8_10

https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/images/92232/grand-erg-oriental-algeria

https://www.nps.gov/zion/learn/nature/sand-dunes-sandstone.htm

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Dung beetles:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-10/uotw-bud101912.php

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/abstract/S0960-9822%2812%2901061-5 

Aug 06, 2019
38 - Metamorphosis
33:02

 

When you think metamorphosis, you might think a beautiful butterfly coming out of its cocoon. However, lots of things metamorphose in much less graceful, much more sticky, gooey, unsettling, and potentially dangerous ways!

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-01/uoc-sbb010308.php http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4460030.stm 

Kind of gross but very cool, highly recommend this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GCo2uCLXvhk 

 

[Fact Off]

 

Cryptometamorphosis:

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/11/science/snail-metamorphosis.html

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2018.1099#sec-3

Figure from paper: https://royalsocietypublishing.org/cms/attachment/12748a2e-c968-4fff-912a-9f9cd2c3d514/rspb20181099f01.gif

 

Wax moths and plastic:

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/04/25/525447206/a-worm-may-hold-the-key-to-biodegrading-plastic

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28441558

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Grasshoppers/locusts:

http://mentalfloss.com/article/57104/whats-difference-between-grasshoppers-and-locusts

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/when-grasshoppers-go-bibl/ 

(includes picture) https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2009/01/serotonin-makes-locusts-swarm 

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/306/5703/1881

[Butt One More Thing]


Frog Butt Eye:
https://now.tufts.edu/news-releases/blind-tadpoles-learn-visually-after-researchers-graft-eyes-tails-and-treat-them

Jul 30, 2019
37 - Fungi
32:49

Plants and animals get all the glory, but fungi are out there every day, breaking down leaf litter, making our bread nice and fluffy, and fermenting alcohols They deserve a little thanks, so we did a whole episode about them!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

Fungal Pesticides:

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2017/04/12/522068205/fungal-pesticides-offer-a-growing-alternative-to-traditional-chemicals

https://agrochemicals.iupac.org/index.php?option=com_sobi2&sobi2Task=sobi2Details&catid=3&sobi2Id=31

https://phys.org/news/2019-02-virus-infested-fungus-chemical-pesticides.html

Tinder Fungi:

https://www.uab.cat/web/newsroom/news-detail-1345668003610.html?noticiaid=1345754508535

Egyptian Medicine:

https://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/10/nyregion/secrets-of-the-mummys-medicine-chest.html

 

[Fact Off]

 

Whiskey mold:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18065010

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5315285/

https://www.wired.com/2011/05/ff-angelsshare/

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/78dyqb/kentuckys-whiskey-fungus-problem-is-out-of-control

 

Plastic-digesting fungus:

https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/story/fungi-research-lifts-lid-shy-organisms-break-down-plastic

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0202047

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749117300295

http://blog.worldagroforestry.org/index.php/2017/09/12/scientists-find-fungus-appetite-plastic-rubbish-dump/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

“Zombie” ants:

https://www.pnas.org/content/114/47/12590

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0187170

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3204140/

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/11/how-the-zombie-fungus-takes-over-ants-bodies-to-control-their-minds/545864/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Zygomycota:

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0003237

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8OAmcUnm4g

 

Jul 23, 2019
36 - The Apollo Program
29:55

From 1961 to 1972, thousands of scientists, engineers, mathematicians, seamstresses, pilots, and even a child or two worked on the Apollo Program, collaborating to bring humanity to the moon. Today, Tangents celebrates this unparalleled work of collective science and engineering!  

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Golf Club:

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/objects-of-intrigue-alan-shepards-golf-club 

https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2018/08/16/why-was-alan-shepard-allowed-to-bring-golf-clubs-to-the-moon/#1d7fe6b67f86

 

Family Photo:

https://www.businessinsider.com/apollo-16-hidden-family-portrait-on-the-moon-2015-10

 

Ashes: 

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/eugene-shoemaker-buried-moon-celestis-nasa

https://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/sl9/news82.html

 

[Fact Off]

 

Greg Force: Boy Hero: 

https://www.honeysucklecreek.net/other_stations/guam/index.html

http://www.cnn.com/2009/TECH/space/07/20/apollo11.irpt/index.html

 

Spacesuit seamstresses: 

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/neil-armstrongs-spacesuit-was-made-by-a-bra-manufacturer-3652414/

http://mentalfloss.com/article/82726/how-playtex-helped-win-space-race

https://www.racked.com/2018/9/5/17771270/spacesuit-girdles-playtex-seamstresses-nasa

https://gizmodo.com/how-to-sew-a-spacesuit-5788241

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Michael Collins lonely: 

https://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2009/jul/HQ_09-164_Collins_statement.html

https://www.space.com/16971-michael-collins-apollo-11.html

https://www.lpi.usra.edu/lunar/missions/apollo/apollo_11/overview/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Moon poop bacteria:

https://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2019/3/22/18236125/apollo-moon-poop-mars-science



Jul 16, 2019
35 - Cancer
30:34

Living things are so full of complicated systems of cells and DNA, that things are bound to go wrong. And sometimes when things go wrong, cancer is the result. Today on Tangents we talk about the causes, health impacts, and potential cures (both real and fake) of cancer. 

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Norman Baker

https://historycollection.co/norman-baker-man-claimed-cure-cancer/

 

Cow War

https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=3298&context=iowastate_veterinarian

 

Animal Testes Transplant

https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/4x3p73/early-body-hacking-when-men-got-goat-testicle-grafts-to-boost-their-sex-drive

 

The Philosophy of Success Book

https://archive.org/details/Law_Of_Success_in_16_Lessons

 

[Fact Off]

 

Turtle fossil bone cancer:

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/02/ridiculously-rare-cancer-found-fossil-leg-turtle-triassic-paleontology/

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaoncology/article-abstract/2723578

 

Parasite-human cancer transmission:

https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2015/p1104-parasite-tumors.html

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/tapeworm-spreads-deadly-cancer-to-human/

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/03/190325110313.htm

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

General:

https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/infectious-agents/hpv-and-cancer

https://www.popsci.com/transmissible-cancers-animals/

 

Tasmanian devil:

https://www.tcg.vet.cam.ac.uk/about/DFTD

https://www.nature.com/articles/onc2009350

https://elifesciences.org/articles/35314

 

Clams:

https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(15)00243-3 

https://www.nature.com/articles/nature18599

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Farts & cancer:

https://time.com/2976464/scientists-say-smelling-farts-might-prevent-cancer/

https://pubs.rsc.org/En/content/articlelanding/2014/md/c3md00323j#!divAbstract

 

Jul 09, 2019
34 - Natural Disasters
32:45

Natural disasters are a fact of life when you live on a giant ball of water, ice, and rock with a gooey magma center that’s hurtling through space… and all the pollution we’re pumping into the environment doesn’t really seem to be helping, either.

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Cloud seeding

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-935704-30-0_9

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/195/4274/139 

 

Absorbent polymer

https://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/tcfaq/C5d.html

http://discovermagazine.com/2002/sep/featrain

 

Hail cannon

https://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/1520-0477(1981)062%3C0368%3AHRTFHC%3E2.0.CO%3B2

https://www.businessinsider.com/volkswagen-hail-cannons-mexico-farmers-draught-2018-8

https://books.google.com/books?id=h-ADAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA548

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/hail-cannons-the-devices-that-supposedly-blast-away-bad-weather 

 

Soot

https://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/tcfaq/C5b.html

 

[Fact Off]

 

Year Without a Summer:

https://scied.ucar.edu/shortcontent/mount-tambora-and-year-without-summer

http://mentalfloss.com/article/73585/15-facts-about-year-without-summer

https://medium.com/@spencerbaum/the-year-without-summer-and-the-origins-of-frankenstein-13e6884c3ece

 

Tae Bo “earthquake:”

https://www.geek.com/geek-cetera/korean-skyscraper-shakes-from-17-middle-aged-people-doing-tae-bo-1405157/

http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2011/07/117_91209.html

http://mentalfloss.com/article/31349/how-power-literally-rocked-house

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Glass rain:

https://exoplanets.nasa.gov/alien-worlds/galaxy-of-horrors/

 

Cryovolcanoes: 

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cassini/media/cassini-20081215b.htmL

https://www.nature.com/news/2009/090325/full/news.2009.190.html

 

Ice quakes on Earth: 

http://climate.missouri.edu/news/arc/mar2014b.php

http://time.com/5517690/frost-quakes-ice-polar-vortex-sounds/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Hurricane Florence poop:

https://www.govtech.com/em/disaster/Hurricane-Florence-Bathed-North-Carolina-in-Raw-Sewage-New-Figures-Show-it-was-Even-Worse-than-we-Thought.html 

https://www.livescience.com/63625-pig-manure-overflow-hurricane-florence.html




Jul 02, 2019
33 - Fossils with Kallie Moore
30:27

Fossils: a profound look into to our Earth’s past… some are beautiful... some are haunting… some are poop! Kallie Moore, host of PBS Eons joins the Tangents crew to talk old stone bones, fraudulent fossils, and a dinosaur so well preserved, we may be able to figure out what its last meal was. 

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! 

 

If you want more Kallie Moore, check out PBS Eons:

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzR-rom72PHN9Zg7RML9EbA

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Pseudofossils:

http://www.dmp.wa.gov.au/Pseudofossils-1663.aspx

 

Underwater cave:

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/09/pictures/110927-crocodile-fossils-found-underwater-cave/

http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/bitstream/handle/2246/6440/N3779.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/6920 

 

Picture: https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/09/pictures/110927-crocodile-fossils-found-underwater-cave/#/40959.jpg

 

Amber:

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00379271.2010.10697637 

https://www.pnas.org/content/112/32/9961?ijkey=4607330261d2012edc599837b06f71be63ebc148&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

 

[Fact Off]

 

Opalized fossils: 

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2018/12/exclusive-sparkly-opal-filled-fossils-reveal-new-dinosaur-species-paleontology/

 

Super preserved Ankylosaur:

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/magazine/2017/06/dinosaur-nodosaur-fossil-discovery/

https://www.livescience.com/65640-opal-dinosaur-herd-bones.html



[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Zircon:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/10/scientists-may-have-found-earliest-evidence-life-earth

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2018/09/news-earth-rocks-sediment-first-life-zircon/ 

 

Tully monster:

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/laelaps/tully-monster-still-a-mystery/

https://www.isgs.illinois.edu/outreach/geology-resources/illinois-state-fossil-tullimonstrum-gregarium 

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Fake poop:

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/07/140729-dinosaur-coprolite-paleontology-dung-fossil-auction/




Jun 25, 2019
32 - Communication with Vanessa Hill
32:45

Birds singing, dogs barking, computers sending and receiving data, you reading this description: at the end of the day, it’s all communication. This week, we sit down with Vanessa Hill, host of the YouTube channel Braincraft, and do a little communicating about communication!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

 

If you want more Vanessa Hill, check out BrainCraft: https://www.youtube.com/user/braincraftvideo

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Dr. Pear’s Radio Announcer Study:

https://www.thebritishacademy.ac.uk/blog/radio-and-voice

 

[Fact Off]

 

Languages & ecological risk:

https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/426502v1

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-09842-2

 

Evolved antenna:

https://ti.arc.nasa.gov/m/pub-archive/1244h/1244%20(Hornby).pdf

http://www.genetic-programming.org/gecco2004hc/lohn-paper.pdf

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/nmp/st5/ABOUT/about-index.php

Picture of ST5 antenna: https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/nmp/st5/TECHNOLOGY/antenna.html

Evolution of antenna: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/2-Sequence-of-evolved-antennas-leading-up-to-antenna-ST5-331427_fig2_226537559

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Animal communication:

http://pandora.cii.wwu.edu/vajda/ling201/test1materials/Animalchart.htm

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2014/08/22/chirps-whistles-clicks-do-any-animals-have-a-true-language/?utm_term=.1e218b9e7f00

http://www.cogs.indiana.edu/spackled/2009readings/Slobodchikoff%202009.PDF

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1834009/

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150512-birds-hold-the-key-to-language  

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

FRTs:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2003/11/farting-fish-keep-touch

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rsbl.2003.0107





Jun 18, 2019
31 - Digestion
31:38

Everybody eats, and everybody poops, but in between… that’s where the magic happens! This week we’re talking about everyone’s favorite organic method of removing nutrients from food: digestion!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

 

[The Fashion Couch]

The Fashion Couch, more like

  

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 Fulmar:

https://blog.nus.edu.sg/lsm1303student2013/2013/04/11/full-mah-bbbbbbllllaaaaarrrrgggghhhh/

 

Sloth:

https://www.sciencealert.com/this-is-the-horror-that-sloths-have-to-go-through-every-time-they-poop

 

Platypus:

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2013/12/03/how-the-platypus-and-a-quarter-of-fishes-lost-their-stomachs/?utm_source=reddit.com

 

[Fact Off]

Esophagus replacement:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/one-mans-choice-life-without-a-stomach-or-dying-from-stomach-cancer/2017/12/27/f2c05928-ce13-11e7-a1a3-0d1e45a6de3d_story.html?utm_term=.afbf3730f9d2

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5104299/

 

Phytobezoars:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4400622/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2673384/

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/apt.12141



[Ask the Science Couch] 

Gum composition:

https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/102/2/e22.long

https://patents.google.com/patent/US6986907B2/en

https://pslc.ws/macrog/pib.htm

 

Swallowed gum:

https://kidshealth.org/en/kids/swallowed-gum.html

http://www.vivo.colostate.edu/hbooks/pathphys/digestion/basics/transit.html



[Butt One More Thing]

 Everlasting pill:

https://www.mcgill.ca/oss/article/antimony-metallic-cleanse-middle-ages

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3037053/




Jun 11, 2019
30 - Messes with Joe Hanson
34:14

Be they big or small, purposeful or accidental, innocuous or potentially-planet-destroying, there is no question that humans are great at making messes and not so great at cleaning them up. Joe Hanson, host of the PBS channel Hot Mess, joins us to talk about some of the more notable messes we’ve made, and what, if anything, we can do to be less messy in the future.

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:



[Truth or Fail]

 

Molasses Disasters:

 

Boston Molasses Flood:

https://www.bostonglobe.com/magazine/2019/01/09/the-great-molasses-flood-was-boston-strangest-disaster/VawySumFUf5vKCibM9PLtJ/story.html

 

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/13/130917-molasses-oil-spill-hawaii-honolulu-cleanup/

 

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/1814-beer-flood-killed-eight-people-180964256/

 

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/bourbon-and-smoke/

https://whiskeyreviewer.com/2016/01/the-biggest-modern-whiskey-disasters-012516/



[Fact Off]

 

Project West Ford:

 

https://history.nasa.gov/SP-4217/ch8.htm

https://www.wired.com/2013/08/project-west-ford/

 

Fatbergs and flushable wipes:

https://www.chemistryworld.com/news/explainer-are-flushable-wet-wipes-really-flushable/1017594.article

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/10/are-wet-wipes-wrecking-the-worlds-sewers/504098/



[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Minerals:

https://earther.gizmodo.com/the-fossils-of-the-21st-century-1830693850

https://sp.lyellcollection.org/content/early/2013/12/19/SP395.2

http://www.fordite.com/history.html

https://carnegiescience.edu/news/first-ever-catalog-208-human-caused-minerals-bolsters-argument-declare-anthropocene-epoch

 

Plastiglomerate:

http://www.geosociety.org/gsatoday/archive/24/6/article/i1052-5173-24-6-4.htm

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2014/06/rocks-made-plastic-found-hawaiian-beach

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Coccyx cuckoo:

https://www.etymonline.com/word/coccyx

Jun 04, 2019
29 - Sleep
32:54

So, right off the bat, basically all you need to know about this episode is that Hank sings this week's Science Poem. Beyond that, we delve into the eternal mystery that is 'sleep.' Where do ours dreams come from? How does sleeping help rejuvenate our brains and bodies? Why do some people need less sleep than others? Turns out, no one really knows yet, but it's still fun to talk about!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Sleeping and Idea Generation:

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/05/sleep-creativity-theory/560399/

http://mentalfloss.com/article/12763/11-creative-breakthroughs-people-had-their-sleep

https://www.brainpickings.org/2016/02/08/mendeleev-periodic-table-dream/

https://www.inverse.com/article/3696-5-dreams-that-led-to-scientific-breakthroughs

 

[Fact Off]

 

Auto activation deficit:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24026624

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/09/130911211923.htm

 

Narcolepsy and dogs:

https://med.stanford.edu/narcolepsy/narcolepsyhistory.html

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12026-014-8513-4

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3625934/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9481825

https://med.stanford.edu/content/dam/sm/psychiatry/documents/narcolepsy/latestnews/cell98.pdf

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Naturally short sleepers:

https://www.ucsf.edu/news/2018/03/410051/scientists-discover-how-gene-mutation-reduces-need-sleep

https://www.pnas.org/content/115/13/3434.short?rss=1

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3589707/

 

Circadian rhythms:

http://healthysleep.med.harvard.edu/healthy/science/variations/individual-variation-genetics

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/having-this-gene-may-make-some-people-night-owls/

 

Flies:

https://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371/journal.pgen.1007098



[Butt One More Thing]

 

Dormant butt syndrome:

https://wexnermedical.osu.edu/blog/your-dormant-butt-might-be-to-blame-for-knee-hip-or-back-pain

May 28, 2019
28 - Cooking
30:41

Every day, billions of people perform vital, life sustaining chemistry right in their homes! Baking, frying, boiling, fermenting… all cooking is science, and the way it weaves into our lives and cultures makes it uniquely fascinating! Join us this week to learn why the heck there’s iodine in your salt, what happens if you forget where in the bog you buried your cask of meat, and why baking a cake at high elevations can be so frustrating!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:



[Truth or Fail]

 

Hartshorn salt:

https://www.thespruceeats.com/ammonium-carbonate-hartshorn-hirschhornsalz-1446913

https://library.ndsu.edu/grhc/foods/recipe/ammonia.html

 

Bog butter:

https://www.irishtimes.com/news/for-peat-s-safe-bog-butter-unearthed-with-turf-1.583009

https://www.nature.com/news/1998/040315/full/news040315-5.html

 

Turnspit Dog:

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2014/05/13/311127237/turnspit-dogs-the-rise-and-fall-of-the-vernepator-cur

https://books.google.com/books?id=FVF_PhTjK7cC&pg=PA316#v=onepage&q&f=false

 

[Fact Off]

 

Iodine in salt:

https://www.nber.org/papers/w19233

 

Graphene vegetable oil:

https://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-have-turned-cheap-cooking-oil-into-a-material-200-times-stronger-than-steel

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14217

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Cooking at high elevation:

https://www.exploratorium.edu/cooking/icooks/article-3-03.html

https://extension.colostate.edu/docs/pubs/foodnut/p41.pdf

https://www.exploratorium.edu/cooking/bread/bread_science.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6098858/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Baby poop sausage:

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0309174013005263?via%3Dihub

https://www.livescience.com/43465-baby-poop-sausage-probiotic.html




May 21, 2019
27 - Mars
29:21

 

From countless stories of little green men to colonization plans and endless rover and satellite missions, humans are sort of obsessed with Mars. One of those obsessed humans is Hank Green! This week he finally gets to put all his knowledge about his favorite planet to good use: winning fake points on a game show he made up!

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Nikita Kruschev Smash!:

https://www.ecnmag.com/news/2016/02/spacecraft-week-mars-1m

https://books.google.com/books?id=rgl_C0XrKTUC&pg=PA94&lpg=PA94&dq=nikita+khrushchev+mars+1m+model&source=bl&ots=2QXRrwkMq3&sig=ACfU3U3anUEtPzhvqptkYhidjrQENpTl9A&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi5u-KksJniAhXIl54KHWgjCDoQ6AEwDXoECAYQAQ#v=onepage&q=nikita%20khrushchev%20mars%201m%20model&f=false

 

Spock of Mars:

https://www.cbr.com/tv-legends-revealed-spock-was-originally-supposed-to-have-red-skin/

 

Mariner 4 Micrometeor:  

https://www.nasa.gov/vision/universe/watchtheskies/meteor_cloud.html

https://www.caltech.edu/about/news/alone-darkness-mariner-4-mars-50-years-later-47324

 

[Fact Off]

 

First Image of Mars:

 

The picture: https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA14033

 

https://gizmodo.com/this-paint-by-numbers-drawing-was-the-very-first-image-1687904838

https://www.directedplay.com/first-tv-image-of-mars/

https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/display.action?id=1964-077A

https://www.businessinsider.com/nasa-jpl-scientists-pieced-together-first-mars-image-2016-5?utm_source=reddit.com

 

Plutonium-238:

 

https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/mbyz4v/scientists-are-automating-plutonium-production-so-nasa-can-explore-deep-space

https://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/plutonium-production-space-exploration/

https://www.greenwichtime.com/technology/businessinsider/article/NASA-s-deep-space-nuclear-power-crisis-may-soon-13530374.php

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Earth tectonics:

https://geomaps.wr.usgs.gov/parks/pltec/

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/18/science/plate-tectonics-continents-earth.html

https://phys.org/news/2018-09-plate-tectonics-earth.html

 

Mars (lack of) tectonics:

https://marsed.asu.edu/mep/tectonics

https://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/exploring-the-planets/online/solar-system/mars/surface/volcanoes/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Poop-eating bacteria:

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/02/03/582968023/making-space-food-with-space-poop

 

May 14, 2019
26 - Sound
33:49

We couldn’t make podcasts without the science of sound. There’s a lot of technology involved in capturing the vibrations we’re making with our vocal folds so that we can share them with the whole Internet! So this week, we’re fine-tuning our knowledge of sound. Do scientists even know why music makes us feel emotions? Is the ocean really as silent as it seems, or are fish partying down there? And how did computer nerds send each other video games and Christmas cards through radio broadcasts?

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

http://web.physics.ucsb.edu/~lecturedemonstrations/Composer/Pages/44.51.html

https://www.wired.com/2010/10/the-real-original-remote-control-zenith-space-command/

https://gizmodo.com/what-went-wrong-with-the-first-tv-remotes-390783

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/10/these-butterflies-boost-their-hearing-unusual-strategy

 

[Fact Off]

 

Computer program cassettes:

https://qz.com/emails/quartz-obsession/1156672/

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Audio/tape2.html

http://artsites.ucsc.edu/EMS/music/tech_background/TE-16/teces_16.html

https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_fifty.html

https://archive.org/stream/byte-magazine-1976-02/1976_02_BYTE_00-06_Color_Graphics#page/n73/mode/1up

http://www.retrotechnology.com/restore/cass_data.html

http://www.kotaku.co.uk/2014/10/13/people-used-download-games-radio

Mario sprite demo: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WrDbnvUK76s

 

Coral reef sounds:

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022098110003345?via%3Dihub

http://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2010/7226.html

https://insider.si.edu/2010/10/healthy-coral-reefs-are-noisier/

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4f76/b700cf327dbd93448a7f9432c1ba291f8b89.pdf?_ga=2.144990451.678937569.1556899389-410206069.1556899389

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

General feelings & physiological effects:

https://www.nature.com/news/why-dissonant-music-strikes-the-wrong-chord-in-the-brain-1.11791

https://www.pnas.org/content/109/48/19858

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00140130600899104?scroll=top&needAccess=true&journalCode=terg20

https://www.nature.com/news/neuroaesthetics-is-killing-your-soul-1.12640

 

Chills:

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/researchers-look-what-happens-brain-when-music-causes-chills-180959481/

https://www.wired.com/2011/01/the-neuroscience-of-music/

https://www.nature.com/articles/nn.2726

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0305735615572358

 

Harmony:

https://arxiv.org/html/1202.4212v1/#sec_2_3_2

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20930-why-harmony-pleases-the-brain/

https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.108103

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Fart noises:

https://www.menshealth.com/health/a19545944/fart-noises/



May 07, 2019
25 - Mutation with Trace Dominguez
33:49

This week, we’re joined by Trace Dominguez from the YouTube channel Uno Dos of Trace to talk about genetic mutations! Tiny changes in an organism’s DNA sequence can lead to big variations or absolutely nothing. It’s just a roll of the dice! So what mutations have shown up in modern humans—different bones, livers, or even eyeballs? What is “foreign DNA” and where does it even come from? And can anybody name as many X-Men as Sam?

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Hypoxia:

https://www.sciencealert.com/indonesian-bajau-genetic-changes-adapt-them-to-aquatic-lifestyle-2

 

Bones:

https://www.the-scientist.com/notebook-old/the-worlds-densest-bones-47155

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa013444

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28893644

 

Smoking:

https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1994-10-17-mn-51362-story.html

 

[Fact Off]

 

Tetrachromacy:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK10848/

https://research.ncl.ac.uk/tetrachromacy/thescience/

https://link.springer.com/article/10.3758/BF03196159

https://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2191517

http://discovermagazine.com/2012/jul-aug/06-humans-with-super-human-vision

http://old.post-gazette.com/pg/06256/721190-114.stm

 

Colchicine and watermelons:

https://csuvth.colostate.edu/poisonous_plants/Plants/Details/79

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4656054/

https://scialert.net/fulltextmobile/?doi=jbs.2013.277.282

https://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/CAT71326739/PDF

https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/newsletters/hortupdate/hortupdate_archives/2000/may00/h5may00.html

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/artful-amoeba/for-plants-polyploidy-is-not-a-four-letter-word/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Foreign DNA:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-11/uonc-ahc111815.php

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/290835.php

https://genomebiology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13059-015-0607-3

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2009.1679

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7934/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6177113/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Beautiful buttocks:

https://www.nature.com/news/2002/020917/full/news020916-3.html

Apr 30, 2019
24 - Agriculture
34:26

A bunch of things are considered agricultural science, from planting crops and raising sheep for wool to food safety and developing fertilizers. This week, we’re skimming the surface of agriculture, with a little detour into animals that sort of farm too. What accidental evolutionary pressures turned weeds into popular crops? Why are seed vaults so important to humanity? And what made Big Mike  basically go extinct, and are we worried about it happening with other crops? (Big Mike is a banana, by the way.)

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://india.mongabay.com/2018/10/farmer-termites-bury-invaders-alive-to-protect-fungus-farms/

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10886-017-0902-4

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00040-010-0092-3

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0156847

 

[Fact Off]

 

Vavilovian mimicry:

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/weed-science/article/vavilovian-mimicry-nikolai-vavilov-and-his-littleknown-impact-on-weed-science/1B0263622E208DA4548BF0BCB918F255

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02858881

http://labs.eeb.utoronto.ca/barrett/pdf/schb_54.pdf

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1752-4571.2010.00140.x

 

Leningrad seed vault:

https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21328502-000-lost-treasures-the-soviet-seed-bank/

https://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/fl-xpm-1992-05-13-9202080144-story.html

https://www.rbth.com/blogs/2014/05/12/the_men_who_starved_to_death_to_save_the_worlds_seeds_35135

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1992/05/12/soviet-botanists-starved-saving-seeds-for-future/10840121-9058-4c1f-ae7a-22ac16a6f4de/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.f5d042f77aec

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Bananas:

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/oct/25/banana-farming-danger-cavendish-crop-genetics

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/jun/18/scientists-scramble-to-stop-bananas-being-killed-off

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2017/12/27/banana-fungus-panama-disease/#.XIgdQFNKhxw

https://www.apsnet.org/about/newsroom/releases/Pages/03Banana.aspx

https://fusariumwilt.org/index.php/en/about-fusarium-wilt/

https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-44712034

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Night soil:

https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2013/05/07/182010827/is-it-safe-to-use-compost-made-from-treated-human-waste



Apr 23, 2019
23 - Pregnancy
31:04

Pregnancy is, biologically speaking, extremely weird! A pregnant animal’s body goes through so many hormonal and physical changes to make sure a zygote has everything it needs to grow. This week, we’re talking about a few of those things, like why pregnant people get nauseated and other animals might not. So is pseudopregnancy a real thing, or are pandas just tricking zookeepers to get extra treats? Why is there a patent for a birthing machine that looks like a horrible carnival ride? And what the heck is a stone baby?

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://patents.google.com/patent/US3216423A/en

https://dublin.sciencegallery.com/failbetter/apparatusfacilitatingbirthchildcentrifugalforce/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Panda pseudopregnancy:

https://www.huffpost.com/entry/panda-yuan-yuan-fakes-pregnancy_n_55b99debe4b095423d0dddfe

http://news.sina.com.cn/s/2015-07-28/210632155850.shtml

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-23626756

https://rep.bioscientifica.com/view/journals/rep/138/6/979.xml

https://www.livescience.com/6304-perplexing-panda-pseudo-pregnancy-pondered.html

 

Lithopedion:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3979976/

https://alumni.amc.edu/pages/archives/archives---the-stone-baby

https://utmb.influuent.utsystem.edu/en/publications/lithopedion-stone-baby

https://www.health.harvard.edu/womens-health/calcium-beyond-the-bones

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4750627/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Morning sickness:

http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2000/05/morning-sickness-protects-mothers-and-their-unborn

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3676933/

https://www.jstor.org/stable/2664252?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

https://www.pregnancysicknesssupport.org.uk/resources/literature-review/symptoms-of-nvp-in-animals/

https://www.livescience.com/32301-do-pregnant-animals-get-morning-sickness.html

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Meconium:

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/112/2901/150.long

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18281199

Apr 16, 2019
22 - Ancient Mega with Blake de Pastino
33:37

This week, we’re joined by Blake de Pastino from the YouTube channel PBS Eons to talk about how plants, animals, and geologic events used to be so… huge. There are still blue whales and massive natural disasters, but the days of the Megalodon have passed. So were those big tunnels in South America really dug out by giant ground sloths? Where is the largest impact crater in the Solar System? And did humans really huddle under the skeletal remains of the giant armadillo-like Glyptodon?

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://natural-history.uoregon.edu/collections/web-galleries/saber-toothed-salmon

https://cals.arizona.edu/classes/ento596c/topic/session9.html

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10420940.2016.1223654?scroll=top&needAccess=true&

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2017/03/28/paleoburrows-south-america/#.XFC3uc9Khxz

http://revistapesquisa.fapesp.br/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/044_Paleotocas_ING.pdf

 

[Fact Off]

 

Martian craters:

https://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i2782/

https://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2008/jun/HQ_08159_Mars_crater.html

https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA03796

http://news.mit.edu/2008/solar-systems-biggest-impact-scar-discovered

https://www.nature.com/articles/nature07011

map that Hank references: https://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i2782/i2782_sh1.pdf

 

Agulhas slump:

https://epic.awi.de/id/eprint/20743/1/Uen2009f.pdf

https://jgs.lyellcollection.org/content/134/3/293

https://books.google.com/books?id=VGpQDom2QWQC&pg=PA222#v=onepage&q&f=false

https://geology.com/landslides/saidmarreh-landslide.shtml

https://www.jstor.org/stable/30081302?cookieSet=1&seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Glyptodon carapaces:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/02/ancient-armadillos-grew-big-vw-beetles

https://books.google.com/books?id=kUAKgNfiAvoC&pg=PA184#v=onepage&q&f=false

https://www.jstor.org/stable/971990?read-now=1&seq=6#page_scan_tab_contents

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1179/2055556315Z.00000000031?journalCode=ypal20

https://books.google.com/books?id=2tk_AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA223&lpg=PA223

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Stegosaurus butt brain misconception:

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/the-double-dinosaur-brain-myth-12155823/




Apr 09, 2019
21 - Bats

Bats have a bad reputation because of the ones that drink blood or spread disease, but these furry flying critters can be pretty cute! This week, we’re talking about everything from echolocation to weird potential uses for bat poop. Are there really bats with suction cups on their wings or is that just a cool toy idea? What is white nose syndrome and could vaping mushroom compounds… help? And what do you really think about Hank’s Dracula impression?  

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!  

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Poem]

 

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/these-pitcher-plants-call-bats-get-their-poo-180956014/

https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rsbl.2010.1141

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Bats that spend time on the ground:

http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2005/03/vampire-bats-keep-out-trouble-running-study-shows

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16621953

https://www.australiangeographic.com.au/blogs/creatura-blog/2018/01/why-fly-when-you-can-shuffle-the-lesser-short-tailed-bat-prefers-the-ground/

 

Diurnal bats:

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/11/daytime-bats-help-explain-nocturnal-evolution/

https://blogs.plos.org/ecology/2017/06/29/bat-species-found-only-on-islands-in-trouble-worldwide/

https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/mamm.ahead-of-print/mammalia-2017-0128/mammalia-2017-0128.xml

 

Suction cup bats:

https://www.wired.com/2010/04/how-sucker-winged-bats-hang-on/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Bat & dolphin echolocation:

https://evolutionnews.org/2012/05/tangling_the_tr/

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2010/01/hear-bats-and-whales-share-sonar-protein

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(09)02073-9

https://www.nature.com/articles/nature12511

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/tetrapod-zoology/refined-fine-tuned-placental-mammal-family-tree/

 

Moth echolocation blocker:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2009/07/moths-block-bats-sonar

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/325/5938/325?keytype=ref&siteid=sci&ijkey=GbDjRlkoHfRnY

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2009/07/17/tiger-moths-jam-the-sonar-of-bats/

http://jeb.biologists.org/content/214/14/2416

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

White-nose syndrome:

https://www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/bat_crisis_white-nose_syndrome/Q_and_A.html

https://www.whitenosesyndrome.org/static-page/what-is-white-nose-syndrome

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-bats-could-bounce-back-devastating-white-nose-syndrome-180969378/

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-02441-z

https://www.mdpi.com/2309-608X/4/2/48

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Bat guano gunpowder:

https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/dkc09

Apr 02, 2019
20 - Charles Darwin
32:31

You might know him from his greatest hits: natural selection, Galápagos finches, and eating lots of the animals he studied… it’s Charles Darwin! This week, we’re talking about this famous biologist and some of the weirder science he did. What kind of books did he write after he published On the Origin of Species? Why was he so disgusted by fish spitting out seeds? And was it normal to write a letter to a scientist friend and ask detailed questions about barnacle sex?

 

Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions!

 

And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/4x38gj/darwins-monsters-parasitoid-wasps

https://books.google.com/books?id=lIcoAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA179&lpg=PA179&dq=charles+darwin+eyebrows&source=bl&ots=YrNkw9VczZ&sig=ACfU3U06m2pYFahEfpPveHOyT8auD0ZeXw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwivsMeU4LvgAhUbJzQIHUaoA5wQ6AEwFXoECAgQAQ#v=onepage&q=charles%20darwin%20eyebrows&f=false

 

[Fact Off]

 

Seeds & fish:

http://darwin-online.org.uk/content/frameset?itemID=F1683&viewtype=text&pageseq=1

https://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/letter/DCP-LETT-1681.xml

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2017/11/17/darwin-bird-vomit/#.XBlv3c9Khxw

https://academic.oup.com/botlinnean/article/161/1/20/2418329

 

Barnacles:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3574338/

https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/56/4/728/2198193

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Darwin’s understanding vs. ours:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/earth/story/20141017-how-flowers-conquered-the-world

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/what-darwin-didnt-know-45637001/

https://www.wired.com/2014/12/fantastically-wrong-thing-evolution-darwin-really-screwed/

http://www.esp.org/books/darwin/variation/facsimile/contents/darwin-variation-chap-27-i.pdf

http://www.blc.arizona.edu/courses/schaffer/449/Soft%20Inhertance/Geison%20-%20Pangenesis.pdf

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Darwin bark spider:

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20151126-the-worlds-biggest-spider-web-can-span-an-entire-river

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0011234

Mar 26, 2019
19 - Timekeeping
32:54

If you think about it, we’re all time travelers moving forward at one second per second… right? This week, we try really hard to define time, get sort of existential about it, and then talk about the science of timekeeping, from circadian rhythms to weird mechanical clocks. What happens to someone’s sense of time if you put them in a big bunker locked away from the outside world? How did we decide there would be 60 seconds in a minute, and did we ever try to measure time with a decimal system? And if a human were to instantaneously dissolve into a pile of goo because their time was up, what would it sound like?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://mechanism.ucsd.edu/teaching/F11/philbiology2011/aschoff.circadianrhythmsinman.1965.pdf

https://www.mpg.de/943613/S003_Flashback_060_061.pdf

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/science-obituaries/6216073/Maurizio-Montalbini.html

 

[Fact Off]

 

Music & walking:

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0067932

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130710182938.htm

 

Castle Clock:

http://muslimheritage.com/article/al-jazari%E2%80%99s-castle-water-clock-analysis-its-components-and-functioning

https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/al-jazari-s-book-of-knowledge-of-ingenious-mechanical-devices-the-castle-water-clock/DgF6LT4UYXvU4A

https://www.ee.columbia.edu/not-your-father%E2%80%99s-analog-computer-professor-yannis-tsividis

Animation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qz7soHvy-Pw

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

60 seconds/minutes:

https://www.theguardian.com/notesandqueries/query/0,5753,-1487,00.html

http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/161-our-solar-system/the-earth/day-night-cycle/761-why-is-a-day-divided-into-24-hours-intermediate

https://gizmodo.com/why-there-are-24-hours-in-a-day-5926491

http://mentalfloss.com/article/32127/decimal-time-how-french-made-10-hour-day

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Speed of poop:

https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/04/speed-of-poop-big-or-small-mammals-drop-a-deuce-in-12-secs-study-finds/

https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2017/sm/c6sm02795d/unauth#!divAbstract

Mar 19, 2019
18 - Giant Rodents
32:32

When can you start calling a rodent “giant?” When it’s twice the average size of its species? When you’re not grossed out by it? When it could be a mascot for a family fun center? We don’t really have a precise answer to that… but this week, we’re exploring the science of big ol’ rodents! Turns out, giant rodents have shaped the environment in lots of ways, from ancient megafauna stomping through South American wetlands to beavers affecting the climate. And even though they sound kind of scary, giant rats might be able to save human lives. But the real question is: what’s up with capybara anal pouches?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://news.northwestern.edu/stories/2015/02/making-teeth-tough-beavers-show-way-to-improve-our-enamel-

http://www.sci-news.com/biology/science-biswamoyopterus-laoensis-new-species-flying-squirrel-laos-01361.html

https://www.apopo.info/en/tuberculosis-detection/projects

http://www.treatmentactiongroup.org/tb/background

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/feb/23/rats-who-sniff-out-tubersulosis

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/08/140816-rats-tuberculosis-smell-disease-health-animals-world/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Hippos & biggest rodent:

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn13188-one-tonne-rodent-discovered-in-south-america/

https://phys.org/news/2015-02-giant-rodent-incisors-tusks.html

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/09/colombia-cocaine-hippos-rewilding-experiment-news/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2530064417300810

 

Beavers & carbon emissions:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/uoh-bha082918.php

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2013/07/what-role-do-beavers-play-climate-change

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13280-014-0575-y

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Gigantism:

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/why-king-kong-should-have-been-blue-whale-180962603/

https://www.nature.com/articles/482008d

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/05/120521-killer-mice-birds-gough-island-endangered-animals-science/

https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2012.00534.x

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4358651/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Capybara anal pouches:

https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1984.tb05087.x

 

Mar 12, 2019
17 - Celebrity Science with Elah Feder
45:20

For our very first live show at PodCon 2, we were joined by Elah Feder, the co-host and producer of the podcast Undiscovered! Podcasting on a stage with a live audience meant we really had to bring our A-game, so we swapped stories of famous actors, politicians, and other celebrities who also dabbled in science. What did Julia Child help cook up for a wartime U.S. intelligence agency? When he wasn’t being a rock star, why was Brian May studying starlight? And how did someone who signed the Declaration of Independence give Lewis and Clark’s diarrhea?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

http://ancientolympics.arts.kuleuven.be/eng/TC003EN.html

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/old-world-high-tech-141284744/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Julia Child:

https://www.cia.gov/news-information/featured-story-archive/2015-featured-story-archive/shark-repellent.html

https://appliedecology.cals.ncsu.edu/absci/wp-content/uploads/Stroud-et-al-2014.pdf

https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10125/4935

https://faculty.washington.edu/sisneros/Sisneros%20and%20Nelson%202001.pdf

 

Zeppo Marx:

https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2010/10/celebrity-invention-zeppo-marxs-heart-rate-monitor-and-heating-pad/64261/

https://patents.google.com/patent/US3426747

https://patents.google.com/patent/US2590026

https://www.airspacemag.com/history-of-flight/oldies-amp-oddities-zeppos-gizmo-729132/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Brian May’s thesis:

https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/295744.pdf

https://www.space.com/5692-queen-guitarist-publishes-astrophysics-thesis.html

http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/cosmic_reference/zodydust.html

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1994IAUS..160..127D

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Dr. Rush’s Bilious Pills:

https://io9.gizmodo.com/archaeologists-tracked-lewis-and-clark-by-following-the-1727887223

https://www.nps.gov/jeff/learn/historyculture/medrush.htm

Mar 05, 2019
16 - Bees
31:38

Do you ever just wonder, “are the bees doing okay?” They’re so important to our food industry and native ecosystems, and every couple of years it seems like something horribly bad is happening to them. So this week, we’re taking a look at the fascinating lives and deaths of bees! Can they recognize human faces or understand the concept of zero? Why are blister beetles mimicking sexy bee pheromones? And what do nightclubs and honeybee hives have in common?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Poem]

 

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/03/120316-hot-bee-balls-hornets-insects-brains-animals-science/

http://jeb.biologists.org/content/jexbio/206/2/353.full.pdf

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0184343

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6393/1124

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/insects-recognize-faces-using-processing-mechanism-similar-to-that-of-humans/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Blister beetles & ground bees:

https://www.pnas.org/content/115/39/9756

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/09/bees-blister-beetles-evolution-parasites-pheromones-news/

http://entomology.ucdavis.edu/News/How_Blister_Beetle_Nest_Parasites_Cooperate_to_Mimic_the_Sex_Pheromone_of_a_Solitary_Bee/

 

Drunk bees:

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2001/dec/13/research.highereducation1

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn22-boozing-bees/

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0741832905001497

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1074742708001433

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002219100600165X

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

CCD:

https://www.epa.gov/pollinator-protection/colony-collapse-disorder

 

Glyphosate:

http://jeb.biologists.org/content/218/17/2799

https://www.glyphosate.eu/glyphosate-mechanism-action

https://www.pnas.org/content/115/41/10305

 

Native bees:

https://www.wired.com/2015/04/youre-worrying-wrong-bees/

http://www.xerces.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Xerces_policy_statement_HB_Final.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5722319/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Isopentyl acetate:

https://www.extension.entm.purdue.edu/beehive/pdf/Breed_et_al.pdf

https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/isoamyl_acetate#section=Top

 

Feb 26, 2019
15 - Artificial Intelligence
36:38

We’ve all heard about “The Algorithms” that affect our lives, making decisions for and about us. And artificial intelligence systems are recommending podcasts, picking out targeted ads, and playing games against humans every single day. This week, we’re going to skim the surface of AI and chat about everything from Siri to personality prediction software. How are these tools used to help the world, or are we mostly heading toward a dystopian future? What’s the Turing test and is it even a useful measure of artificial intelligence? And if a poem is written with software… is it really art? (We don’t know either.)

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Poem]

 

http://janusnode.com/

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://www.zdnet.com/article/google-ai-vs-siri-vs-bing-iq-tests-show-one-is-smartest-by-a-mile/

https://arxiv.org/abs/1709.10242

https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-38390798

 

[Fact Off]

 

Anti-poaching:

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/new-ai-camera-helps-conservationists-spot-elephant-poachers-180971180/

https://www.inverse.com/article/52203-ai-camera-poacher-watch

https://www.inverse.com/article/48043-paul-allen-makes-amends-with-coral-reefs-with-artificial-intelligence-research

 

Eye tracking:

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00105/full

http://www.unisa.edu.au/Media-Centre/Releases/2018/Artificial-intelligence-can-predict-your-personality-simply-by-tracking-your-eyes/#.W1rI5cJ9ifk

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Turing test:

https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/turing-test/

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20865-software-tricks-people-into-thinking-it-is-human/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/turing-test-measures-something-but-not-intelligence-180951702/

https://www.wired.com/2012/06/flawed-turing-test/

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/jun/09/scientists-disagree-over-whether-turing-test-has-been-passed

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Artificial anus:

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5655776

 

Feb 19, 2019
14 - The Sun with Caitlin Hofmeister
31:26

This week, our producer Caitlin Hofmeister is joining the pod to talk about the Sun, and lending her expertise as a host of the YouTube channel SciShow Space. The Sun affects pretty much everything we do here on Earth, from our weather to our technology. So what schemes have scientists been cooking up to shield the Earth from the Sun? How have solar flares affected humans… and should we be afraid of them? And is “Guy” really a good nickname, or is this star more special than that?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Definition]

 

https://www.cfa.harvard.edu/~pberlind/atlas/htmls/note.html

http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Tables/suncomp.html

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/news-blog/geoengineering-solution-no-9-the-fl-2008-09-08/

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/geoengineering-holds-promise-but-the-technology-needs-work/

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/blocking-the-sun-is-no-plan-b-for-global-warming/

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/apr/05/scientists-suggest-giant-sunshade-in-sky-could-solve-global-warming

http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20160425-how-a-giant-space-umbrella-could-stop-global-warming

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2006-11/uoa-ssm110306.php

 

[Fact Off]

 

Ocean mines:

https://www.sciencealert.com/the-sun-may-have-detonated-dozens-of-us-sea-mines-uncovered-navy-documents-reveal

https://vva.vietnam.ttu.edu/repositories/2/digital_objects/83295

https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018SW002024

http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WAMUS_Mines.php#Vietnam_War_%22Destructor%22_Mines

http://www.navweaps.com/index_tech/tech-068.php#Magnetic_Mines

 

2012 solar storm:

https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2014/23jul_superstorm

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/no-earth-wasn-t-nearly-destroyed-by-a-2012-solar-storm/

https://slate.com/technology/2014/08/solar-storm-a-massive-2012-cme-just-missed-the-earth.html

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Sun atmosphere:

https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/iris/multimedia/layerzoo.html

https://www.space.com/17160-sun-atmosphere.html

https://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/science/objects/sun1.html

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

The Solar Anus:

https://newprairiepress.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1507&context=sttcl

https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/georges-bataille-the-solar-anus



Feb 12, 2019
13 - Stimulants
32:46

Are you one of those people who doesn’t feel awake until you have caffeine coursing through your bloodstream? Well, you can choose to ingest some chemical stimulants, but they’re also something your body makes! Just think about the adrenaline rush before a public speech. This week, we’re going to dig into what science actually says about caffeine and dehydration. Why did some people try to ban coffee, and how dangerous was the pick-me-up given to some Antarctic explorers? And why the heck did researchers think gerbils could help with airport security?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

http://mentalfloss.com/article/12662/5-historical-attempts-ban-coffee

http://mentalfloss.com/article/563778/time-coffee-was-banned-prussia

https://www.thelocal.se/20180702/why-coffee-was-banned-in-sweden-five-times

http://www2.linnaeus.uu.se/online/pharm/kaffete.html

https://books.google.com/books?id=YdpL2YCGLVYC&pg=PA93

https://www.catholicgentleman.net/2014/04/blessed-beans-how-the-pope-baptized-coffee/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Gerbils:

https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2001/jun/30/highereducation.biologicalscience

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk/1415469.stm

https://books.google.com/books?id=pyv7UIBojboC&pg=PA183&lpg=PA183

 

Forced March:

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2810%2962153-8/fulltext

https://granta.com/shackletons-medical-kit/

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2012/09/27/161881513/cocaine-for-snowblindness-what-polar-explorers-packed-for-first-aid

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1279970/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Dehydration:

http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/33/2/167

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12187618

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/640f/49f096f9a01e2c3ef103945a39830a12cd5c.pdf

https://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/04/health/nutrition/04real.html?_r=2

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Civet poop coffee:

https://www.businessinsider.com/kopi-luwak-cat-poop-worlds-most-expensive-coffee-taste-test-2018-11

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Kopi-Luwak

 

Feb 05, 2019
12 - Flight
33:15

At some point, we’ve all probably looked up at birds and wished we could fly. And some curious people took that wish and did science! From the biology of flying animals to machines that help humans take to the skies, this week, we’re exploring the science of flight. Why do we travel by plane instead of floating on airships? How long can some birds fly before landing? And what else do they get up to in midair… eating? ...sex? ...sleeping?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://newspaperarchive.com/englewood-sun-sep-14-2001-p-9/

https://www.businessinsider.com/only-one-place-was-allowed-to-take-off-after-flights-were-grounded-on-sept-11-2011-2011-9

https://press.discovery.com/asia-pacific/apl/programs/im-alive/

http://www.umich.edu/~elements/fogler&gurmen/html/web_mod/cobra/avenom.htm

 

[Fact Off]

 

Swifts:

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(16)31063-6

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/10/27/499635084/this-bird-can-remain-airborne-for-10-months-straight

 

Frigate birds:

https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms12468

https://www.audubon.org/news/scientists-finally-have-evidence-frigatebirds-sleep-while-flying

https://phys.org/news/2016-08-birds-engage-flight-remarkably-small.html

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Blimps & zeppelins:

https://www.airships.net/dirigible/

https://www.lockheedmartin.com/en-us/products/hybrid-airship.html

https://www.thevintagenews.com/2018/01/19/the-uss-akron-disaster/

https://news.vice.com/en_us/article/pa4q3g/theres-a-push-to-bring-back-the-zeppelin-in-canadas-remote-north

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Supermarine Stranraer:

http://www.airpowerworld.info/other-military-aircraft/supermarine-stranraer.htm

Jan 29, 2019
11 - Mucus
33:27

Mucus grosses people out. Whether it’s coming out of your nose or slime oozing from an animal, it’s not really a pleasant substance. But scientifically, mucus is super cool—it can be used for protection, hunting, lubrication, or plain old stickiness. Why do some cephalopods spew out specialized mucus? Does slathering snail slime on your face actually do anything to your skin? And could eating boogers be… good?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/328/5979/704

https://www.mbari.org/mbari-researchers-discover-what-vampire-squids-eat-its-not-what-you-think/

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/b94c/447075249a39cac514cbb3c6bf24c4e8306c.pdf

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4052311/

 

[Fact Off]

 

Snail mucus:

https://www.mcgill.ca/oss/article/cosmetics/how-about-some-snail-cream

https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/shortcuts/2017/feb/06/snail-slime-beauty-products-worth-shelling-out

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamadermatology/article-abstract/2642949

https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/viewFile/30041/15937

 

Parasitic worms:

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/discoblog/2010/12/02/a-new-treatment-for-bowel-problems-eating-1000-parasitic-worm-eggs/#.W-ICt3pKgW8

https://www.ecco-ibd.eu/index.php/publications/congress-abstract-s/abstracts-2015/item/p389-a-double-blind-clinical-trial-on-trichuris-suis.html

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Eating your boogers:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11465519

https://aem.asm.org/content/81/1/332.long

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/727897

https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-3-99

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Fish in butt:

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2016/05/10/how-this-fish-survives-in-a-sea-cucumbers-bum/  




Jan 22, 2019
10 - Dragons
33:13

Some small, magical corner of your heart wants dragons to be real, right? Well... sorry. They’re not. But this week, we wanted to celebrate some science adjacent to dragons, from fruit and animals named after them to giant flying predators that probably terrified humans. So were there ever flying creatures that spread fire? Are sea dragons as majestic as they sound? And what’s up with this beetle that creates explosions in its butt?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://www.livescience.com/49861-new-sea-dragon-species.html

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150320-meet-two-new-dragon-millipede-species-first-described-in-laos

http://jrscience.wcp.muohio.edu/fieldcourses04/PapersCostaRicaArticles/TheFunctionalityandEvolut.html

 

[Fact Off]

 

Firehawks:

https://bioone.org/journals/Journal-of-Ethnobiology/volume-37/issue-4/0278-0771-37.4.700/Intentional-Fire-Spreading-by-Firehawk-Raptors-in-Northern-Australia/10.2993/0278-0771-37.4.700.short

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2018/01/wildfires-birds-animals-australia/

http://wildlife.org/australian-firehawks-use-fire-to-catch-prey/

 

Haast’s eagles:

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/legendary-human-eating-bird-was-real-probably-could-have-eaten-people-89257268/

https://www.popsci.com/science/article/2012-12/these-massive-extinct-eagles-could-have-carried-toddlers-dad

http://www.academia.edu/606102/Rapid_somatic_expansion_causes_the_brain_to_lag_behind_the_case_of_the_brain_and_behavior_of_New_Zealands_Haasts_Eagle_Harpagornis_moorei_

https://pgl.soe.ucsc.edu/eagle_bunce05.pdf

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Creating fire:

https://www.jstor.org/stable/1726053?mag=bombardier-beetles-are-terrifying-nightmare-insects&seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2015/04/30/how-this-beetle-creates-500-explosions-per-second-in-its-bum/

http://news.mit.edu/2015/how-bombardier-beetles-produce-defensive-spray-0430

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Dragonfly nymph:

https://www.wired.com/2013/12/the-secret-underwater-world-of-dragons/  

 

Jan 15, 2019
9 - Ice and Snow
33:36

From sugary snow cones to WWII plans for an aircraft carrier made of ice and wood pulp, humans have had big dreams for frozen water. So this week, we’re exploring the science of snow and ice across the globe. Turns out, there are ancient refrigerators in the dry Iranian desert and abandoned military bases under the Greenland ice sheet. And even though Japanese snow monkeys seem all cozy and chill in their hot springs, what mischief do they get up to in their free time?

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

[Truth or Fail]

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10329-015-0492-0

https://www.researchgate.net/blog/post/japans-monkeys-wash-their-potatoes-and-ride-deer-like-horses

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/chilling-out-hot-springs-may-help-japans-snow-monkeys-reduce-stress-180968686/

[Fact Off]

Camp Century:

http://www.iceandclimate.nbi.ku.dk/research/drill_analysing/history_drilling/drill_bedrock/

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/08/mysterious-ice-buried-cold-war-military-base-may-be-unearthed-climate-change

http://www.iceandclimate.nbi.ku.dk/about_centre/history/

https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Paleoclimatology_OxygenBalance

Iceboxes:

http://eartharchitecture.org/?p=570

http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ach/article/view/13822

[Ask the Science Couch]

Building out of ice:

http://www.ccmr.cornell.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2015/11/Ice-Alloys.pdf

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-glaciology/article/description-of-the-iceberg-aircraft-carrier-and-the-bearing-of-the-mechanical-properties-of-frozen-wood-pulp-upon-some-problems-of-glacier-flow/BE12BCCE68FE5D9C307299A2F1F2DFC6

[Butt One More Thing]

Turtle breathing:

https://www.livescience.com/61018-turtles-breathe-through-butt.html

Jan 08, 2019
8 - Exercise
31:54

A new year means New Year’s resolutions and a new episode of Tangents! Lots of people are probably getting their fitness on, whether it’s by joining a gym or putting on yoga YouTube videos. So this week, we’re stretching our muscles to explore the science of exercise. If you just wiggle your arm a bunch, does that technically count as exercise? Are beefy babies real or just photoshopped? And what happens if you leave a hamster wheel in the middle of a forest?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Myostatin-related muscle hypertrophy:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1498/

Increased blood volume:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17630597/

New brain cells:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-11/nwsu-eib111217.php

 

[Fact Off]

 

Thinking about muscles:

https://www.physiology.org/doi/full/10.1152/jn.00386.2014

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-to-grow-stronger-without-lifting-weights/

 

Animals on wheels:

http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/281/1786/20140210.full

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4760155/

https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2018/09/14/409409.full.pdf

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Flexibility:

http://web.mit.edu/tkd/stretch/stretching_2.html

http://web.mit.edu/tkd/stretch/stretching_3.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3273886/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Space underwear:

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-space-underwear-idUSTRE52M6ER20090323

Jan 01, 2019
7 - Parasites with Sally Lepage
34:02

Imagine that you’re a completely normal fish… except for the fact that a louse lives in your mouth because it sucked your blood and killed your tongue. Sounds like the worst possible roommate, right? But nature is full of parasitic relationships, where one organism thrives by hurting another. This week, we’re joined by evolutionary biologist and science communicator Dr. Sally LePage to talk all about parasites! How did we deal with them before modern medicine? Are there any parasites bigger than their hosts? And is parasite-ception a thing!?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1126547/

https://eic.rsc.org/feature/jesuits-powder-and-quinine/2020179.article

 

[Fact Off]

 

Fruit fly fungus:

https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/07/is-this-fungus-using-a-virus-to-mind-control-an-animal/565982/

https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1002210

https://phys.org/news/2017-12-fungus-fruit-flies-hosting-spores.html

https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/12/10/232140

 

Frog flatworm:

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2013/02/13/a-flurry-of-frog-legs/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4330773/

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00436-011-2451-z

https://www.nytimes.com/1996/10/13/us/many-reports-of-deformities-among-frogs-are-puzzling.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4636111/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Cuckoos:

https://www.audubon.org/news/the-brilliant-ways-parasitic-birds-terrorize-their-victims

https://web.stanford.edu/group/stanfordbirds/text/essays/Brood_Parasitism.html

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Tick anus:

https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/717730_2

Dec 25, 2018
6 - Advertising
31:54

From website banners to scratch-and-sniff magazine spreads, you’ve probably been the target of thousands of ads. Like, you’re even going to hear one during this podcast—we gotta eat! At this point, you might feel like you’re immune to advertising, because there’s no way a ridiculous infomercial could make you want a reusable juice box. But the psychology behind advertising has always been powerful. So this week, we’re diving into the science of when ads work, when they don’t, and when they’ve led to some pretty serious problems like the opioid epidemic.

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Luxury products:

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0956797613502732

 

Sight & sound:

https://academic.oup.com/jcr/article-abstract/44/4/877/3829544?redirectedFrom=fulltext

 

Clever ads:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-03/uom-ita031116.php

 

[Fact Off]

 

Brands + health organizations:

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/joca.12091

https://www.wsj.com/articles/eat-right-meltdown-for-kraft-singles-1427152818

https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/03/12/a-cheese-product-wins-kids-nutrition-seal/

 

Opioid epidemic:

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-advertising-shaped-first-opioid-epidemic-180968444/

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1508818

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5125194/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Advertising effectiveness:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-05/uoia-scs051817.php

http://www.nber.org/papers/w20171.pdf

https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/06/a-dangerous-question-does-internet-advertising-work-at-all/372704/

https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2011/08/why-good-advertising-works-even-when-you-think-it-doesnt/244252/

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Rectal dilators:

https://thequackdoctor.com/index.php/dr-youngs-rectal-dilators/  

 

Dec 18, 2018
5 - Eggs
28:22

Eggs have tons of different sizes, textures, and protective shells, from giant ostrich eggs to squishy fish egg clusters. But, scientifically, they all boil down to the same thing: an egg is just a reproductive cell that can be fertilized by a sperm to make an embryo. This week, we’re cracking the science of eggs wide open! What are some of the weirdest eggs? How far will animal parents go to make sure their eggs are safe? And why the heck did researchers think it was a good idea to mix hamster eggs and human sperm?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Brown trouts:

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150214-fake-orgasms-and-other-sex-lies

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347200915859?via%3Dihub

 

Octopuses:

https://www.mbari.org/deep-sea-octopus-broods-eggs-for-over-four-years-longer-than-any-known-animal/

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0103437

 

Trilobites:

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170124124905.htm

https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/geology/article-abstract/45/3/199/195237/pyritized-in-situ-trilobite-eggs-from-the?redirectedFrom=fulltext

 

[Fact Off]

 

Stick insect eggs:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-05/ku-tsi052318.php

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/10/stick-insects-lure-ants-fatty-knobs

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/05/science/stick-insects-eggs-birds.html

 

Humsters:

http://www.stillhq.com/pdfdb/000360/data.pdf

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/mrd.1120230307

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4471-3310-0_5

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1725451

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Egg shape:

https://galapagosconservation.org.uk/whale-shark-reproduction/

https://scripps.ucsd.edu/centers/cmbc/2018/05/15/hydrothermal-vents-incubators-for-deep-sea-skate-egg-cases/

https://books.google.com/books?id=zg1mDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT158&lpg=PT158

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/356/6344/1249

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20160304-one-animal-has-more-babies-than-any-other

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Snake sperm storage:

https://phys.org/news/2011-10-insight-term-sperm-storage-animals.html

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-08-06/secrets-of-sperm-storing-female-snakes-revealed/5652004

Dec 11, 2018
4 - Taste
33:16

Have you ever wanted to lick the Moon and find out what that grey dust tastes like? If so, you’re in luck. This week, we’re sampling the science of taste, from the Apollo 16 mission reports to how the flavor compounds in amniotic fluid may affect babies’ food preferences. Apparently, it can get garlicky in there. But can non-human animals develop a sense of taste? And is “pine mouth” a real thing, or is it just what happens when Hank eats mysterious seeds he finds in the forest?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://www.wired.com/2014/07/orange-juice-toothpaste/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3354153/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4684458/

http://wayback.archive-it.org/7993/20171114232622/https://www.fda.gov/Food/RecallsOutbreaksEmergencies/SafetyAlertsAdvisories/ucm247099.htm

 

[Fact Off]

 

Moon dust:

https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2006/30jan_smellofmoondust

 

Bees and pesticides:

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/08/180828204911.htm

http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/285/1885/20180655

https://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/187907/the-more-pesticides-bees-more-they/

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Developing taste:

https://www.npr.org/2011/08/08/139033757/babys-palate-and-food-memories-shaped-before-birth

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7583013

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/107/6/e88.full

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Sea cucumber eating:

https://blog.nationalgeographic.org/2013/03/14/giant-sea-cucumber-eats-with-its-anus/

 

Dec 04, 2018
3 - Satellites
34:07

What do the Hubble Space Telescope, the International Space Station, and the Moon have in common? They’re all satellites that orbit the Earth! This week, we’re going extraterrestrial to talk about the dreams, discoveries, and debacles that went into Mir and other weirdly cool human-made satellites. Plus, we dig into burning questions, like whether the Sun can be considered a satellite. And we’re big enough space nerds that we try to explain some celestial mechanics.

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/9a3y8d/the-man-who-turned-night-into-day

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/world/monitoring/media_reports/1209034.stm

https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/bmvn44/the-mir-space-station-was-a-marvel-a-clusterfuck-and-an-underdog-hero

 

[Fact Off]

 

Film satellites:

https://www.cia.gov/news-information/featured-story-archive/2015-featured-story-archive/corona-declassified.html

https://www.space.com/12996-secret-spy-satellites-declassified-nro.html

https://gizmodo.com/5994202/how-the-us-built-its-super-secret-spy-satellite-program

 

Earwig wing tech:

https://www.ethz.ch/en/news-and-events/eth-news/news/2018/03/earwigs-and-the-art-of-origami.html

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6382/1386

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Picking satellite orbits:

https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/OrbitsCatalog/page2.php

http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/spaceobjectregister/index.html  

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Moon poop:

https://boingboing.net/2009/06/16/poop-on-the-moon-and.html

https://gizmodo.com/theres-poop-on-the-moon-1679070982

 

Nov 27, 2018
2 - Flightless Birds
31:03

With American Thanksgiving around the corner, turkey is on everyone’s mind! So this week, we’re taking a closer look at flightless birds of all shapes and sizes, from families of penguins to very endangered nocturnal parrots that are just trying their best. What prevents some birds from using their wings to fly? Did Australians really start a war against emus? Plus, we’ll answer your burning questions about the sex lives of many, many different kinds of birds! Wow!

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Inaccessible Island rail:

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790318301763?via%3Dihub

https://gizmodo.com/how-a-tiny-flightless-bird-ended-up-on-an-island-in-the-1830188012

 

Ostrich egg globes:

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/08/130821-ostrich-globe-map-discovery-science-nation/

 

Emu War:

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/running-ponies/the-great-emu-war-in-which-some-large-flightless-birds-unwittingly-foiled-the-australian-army/  

 

[Fact Off]

 

Crested penguins:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-02/s-ppi021016.php

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00265-016-2060-z

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-06/uod-ppc062816.php

https://www.nature.com/articles/srep28785

 

Ratite reproduction:

https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2011.00858.x

http://mentalfloss.com/article/80394/10-facts-about-cassowaries

http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/discoblog/2011/12/08/finally-the-ostrich-penis-provides-the-answer-to-a-long-standing-question/#.W6FsOZNKhxw

https://www.merckvetmanual.com/exotic-and-laboratory-animals/ratites/reproduction-of-ratites

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Kākāpō:

https://blog.nationalgeographic.org/2018/03/22/happy-hatchday-21-years-of-conservation-success-for-the-kakapo/

https://phys.org/news/2015-11-rimu-berry-game-changer-kakapo.html

https://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/news/060401_kakapo

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Ostrich urine & feces:

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1095643303000060

 

Nov 20, 2018
1 - Science Hoaxes

Even though scientific fraud seems like something that we would’ve stopped falling for, it’s still a problem today. This week, we’re delving into the complicated world of scientific hoaxes. Some are just goofs that went a little too far, but others have had serious negative impacts on public health. So why do people perpetrate hoaxes? Why do people, even credible scientists, sometimes fall for them? And what the heck is “Jeep Butt”?

 

If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:

 

[Truth or Fail]

 

Cello Scrotum:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1610985/

https://www.bmj.com/content/338/bmj.b379

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7853564.stm

 

Surfer’s Ear:

http://ent.uci.edu/more-at-uc-irvine/conditions/surfers-ears.asp

 

Jeep Butt:

https://publichealth.gwu.edu/departments/healthpolicy/CHPR/downloads/mil_prep042605.pdf

http://www.academia.edu/19875506/Pilonidal_sinus_Jeeps_disease_An_improved_model_of_care

 

[Fact Off]

 

Mary Toft:

http://special.lib.gla.ac.uk/exhibns/month/aug2009.html

https://academic.oup.com/past/article/238/1/43/4822513

 

Parapsychology:

http://www.tricksterbook.com/truzzi/ZS-Issues-PDFs/ZeteticScholarNos12-13.pdf

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.617.9791&rep=rep1&type=pdf

https://www.csicop.org/uploads/files/martin-gardner-pdfs/landmark-pk-hoax.pdf

https://web.archive.org/web/20060503224225/http://www.banachek.org/nonflash/project_alpha.htm

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z1S5CRcqJQo

 

[Ask the Science Couch]

 

Andrew Wakefield:

https://www.bmj.com/content/342/bmj.c5347

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3136032/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2323045/

https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/mmr/public/index.html

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2010/jan/28/andrew-wakefield-mmr-vaccine

 

[Butt One More Thing]

 

Fake coprolite:

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/07/140729-dinosaur-coprolite-paleontology-dung-fossil-auction/

 

Nov 13, 2018
Introducing: SciShow Tangents
3:20

Introducing the lightly competitive knowledge showcase from the geniuses behind the YouTube series SciShow. Every Tuesday, join Hank Green, Ceri Riley, Stefan Chin, and Sam Schultz as they try to one-up and amaze each other with weird and funny scientific research... while not getting distracted. There will be tangents about video games, music, weird smells, surprisingly deep insights about life, and of course, poop, but it always comes back to the science.

Nov 02, 2018