SciShow Tangents

By WNYC & Complexly

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Category: Science & Medicine

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 May 15, 2019

Jordan Devenport
 Mar 27, 2019
Scishow Tangents is a witty educational podcast. It plays on some of the elements of the radio gameshow "Wait, Wait, Don't Tell Me", but in a more relaxed and educational environment.

Description

Introducing the lightly competitive knowledge showcase from the geniuses behind the YouTube series SciShow. Every Tuesday, join Hank Green, Ceri Riley, Stefan Chin, and Sam Schulz as they try to one-up and amaze each other with weird and funny scientific research... while not getting distracted. There will be tangents about video games, music, weird smells, surprisingly deep insights about life, and of course, poop, but it always comes back to the science. WNYC Studios is a listener-supported producer of other leading podcasts including On the Media, Snap Judgment, Death, Sex & Money, Nancy and Here’s the Thing with Alec Baldwin. © WNYC Studios

Episode Date
28 - Cooking
30:41
<p><span>Every day, billions of people perform vital, life sustaining chemistry right in their homes! Baking, frying, boiling, fermenting… all cooking is science, and the way it weaves into our lives and cultures makes it uniquely fascinating! Join us this week to learn why the heck there’s iodine in your salt, what happens if you forget where in the bog you buried your cask of meat, and why baking a cake at high elevations can be so frustrating!</span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p><br><br></p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Hartshorn salt:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.thespruceeats.com/ammonium-carbonate-hartshorn-hirschhornsalz-1446913"><span>https://www.thespruceeats.com/ammonium-carbonate-hartshorn-hirschhornsalz-1446913</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://library.ndsu.edu/grhc/foods/recipe/ammonia.html"><span>https://library.ndsu.edu/grhc/foods/recipe/ammonia.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Bog butter:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.irishtimes.com/news/for-peat-s-safe-bog-butter-unearthed-with-turf-1.583009"><span>https://www.irishtimes.com/news/for-peat-s-safe-bog-butter-unearthed-with-turf-1.583009</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nature.com/news/1998/040315/full/news040315-5.html"><span>https://www.nature.com/news/1998/040315/full/news040315-5.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Turnspit Dog: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2014/05/13/311127237/turnspit-dogs-the-rise-and-fall-of-the-vernepator-cur"><span>https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2014/05/13/311127237/turnspit-dogs-the-rise-and-fall-of-the-vernepator-cur</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=FVF_PhTjK7cC&amp;pg=PA316#v=onepage&amp;q&amp;f=false"><span>https://books.google.com/books?id=FVF_PhTjK7cC&amp;pg=PA316#v=onepage&amp;q&amp;f=false</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Iodine in salt:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.nber.org/papers/w19233"><span>https://www.nber.org/papers/w19233</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Graphene vegetable oil:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-have-turned-cheap-cooking-oil-into-a-material-200-times-stronger-than-steel"><span>https://www.sciencealert.com/scientists-have-turned-cheap-cooking-oil-into-a-material-200-times-stronger-than-steel</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14217"><span>https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14217</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Cooking at high elevation:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.exploratorium.edu/cooking/icooks/article-3-03.html"><span>https://www.exploratorium.edu/cooking/icooks/article-3-03.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://extension.colostate.edu/docs/pubs/foodnut/p41.pdf"><span>https://extension.colostate.edu/docs/pubs/foodnut/p41.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.exploratorium.edu/cooking/bread/bread_science.html"><span>https://www.exploratorium.edu/cooking/bread/bread_science.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6098858/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6098858/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Baby poop sausage:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0309174013005263?via%3Dihub"><span>https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0309174013005263?via%3Dihub</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.livescience.com/43465-baby-poop-sausage-probiotic.html"><span>https://www.livescience.com/43465-baby-poop-sausage-probiotic.html</span></a></p> <p><br><br><br></p>
May 21, 2019
27 - Mars
29:21
<p> </p> <p><span>From countless stories of little green men to colonization plans and endless rover and satellite missions, humans are sort of obsessed with Mars. One of those obsessed humans is Hank Green! This week he finally gets to put all his knowledge about his favorite planet to good use: winning fake points on a game show he made up!</span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out topics for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Nikita Kruschev Smash!: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.ecnmag.com/news/2016/02/spacecraft-week-mars-1m"><span>https://www.ecnmag.com/news/2016/02/spacecraft-week-mars-1m</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=rgl_C0XrKTUC&amp;pg=PA94&amp;lpg=PA94&amp;dq=nikita+khrushchev+mars+1m+model&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=2QXRrwkMq3&amp;sig=ACfU3U3anUEtPzhvqptkYhidjrQENpTl9A&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=2ahUKEwi5u-KksJniAhXIl54KHWgjCDoQ6AEwDXoECAYQAQ#v=onepage&amp;q=nikita%20khrushchev%20mars%201m%20model&amp;f=false"><span>https://books.google.com/books?id=rgl_C0XrKTUC&amp;pg=PA94&amp;lpg=PA94&amp;dq=nikita+khrushchev+mars+1m+model&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=2QXRrwkMq3&amp;sig=ACfU3U3anUEtPzhvqptkYhidjrQENpTl9A&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=2ahUKEwi5u-KksJniAhXIl54KHWgjCDoQ6AEwDXoECAYQAQ#v=onepage&amp;q=nikita%20khrushchev%20mars%201m%20model&amp;f=false</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Spock of Mars:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.cbr.com/tv-legends-revealed-spock-was-originally-supposed-to-have-red-skin/"><span>https://www.cbr.com/tv-legends-revealed-spock-was-originally-supposed-to-have-red-skin/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Mariner 4 Micrometeor:  </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.nasa.gov/vision/universe/watchtheskies/meteor_cloud.html"><span>https://www.nasa.gov/vision/universe/watchtheskies/meteor_cloud.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.caltech.edu/about/news/alone-darkness-mariner-4-mars-50-years-later-47324"><span>https://www.caltech.edu/about/news/alone-darkness-mariner-4-mars-50-years-later-47324</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>First Image of Mars: </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>The picture: </span><a href="https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA14033"><span>https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA14033</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://gizmodo.com/this-paint-by-numbers-drawing-was-the-very-first-image-1687904838"><span>https://gizmodo.com/this-paint-by-numbers-drawing-was-the-very-first-image-1687904838</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.directedplay.com/first-tv-image-of-mars/"><span>https://www.directedplay.com/first-tv-image-of-mars/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/display.action?id=1964-077A"><span>https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraft/display.action?id=1964-077A</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.businessinsider.com/nasa-jpl-scientists-pieced-together-first-mars-image-2016-5?utm_source=reddit.com"><span>https://www.businessinsider.com/nasa-jpl-scientists-pieced-together-first-mars-image-2016-5?utm_source=reddit.com</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Plutonium-238:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/mbyz4v/scientists-are-automating-plutonium-production-so-nasa-can-explore-deep-space"><span>https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/mbyz4v/scientists-are-automating-plutonium-production-so-nasa-can-explore-deep-space</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/plutonium-production-space-exploration/"><span>https://www.skyandtelescope.com/astronomy-news/plutonium-production-space-exploration/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.greenwichtime.com/technology/businessinsider/article/NASA-s-deep-space-nuclear-power-crisis-may-soon-13530374.php"><span>https://www.greenwichtime.com/technology/businessinsider/article/NASA-s-deep-space-nuclear-power-crisis-may-soon-13530374.php</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Earth tectonics:</span></p> <p><a href="https://geomaps.wr.usgs.gov/parks/pltec/"><span>https://geomaps.wr.usgs.gov/parks/pltec/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/18/science/plate-tectonics-continents-earth.html"><span>https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/18/science/plate-tectonics-continents-earth.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://phys.org/news/2018-09-plate-tectonics-earth.html"><span>https://phys.org/news/2018-09-plate-tectonics-earth.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Mars (lack of) tectonics:</span></p> <p><a href="https://marsed.asu.edu/mep/tectonics"><span>https://marsed.asu.edu/mep/tectonics</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/exploring-the-planets/online/solar-system/mars/surface/volcanoes/"><span>https://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/exploring-the-planets/online/solar-system/mars/surface/volcanoes/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Poop-eating bacteria:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/02/03/582968023/making-space-food-with-space-poop"><span>https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/02/03/582968023/making-space-food-with-space-poop</span></a></p> <p> </p>
May 14, 2019
26 - Sound
33:49
<p><span>We couldn’t make podcasts without the science of sound. There’s a lot of technology involved in capturing the vibrations we’re making with our vocal folds so that we can share them with the whole Internet! So this week, we’re fine-tuning our knowledge of sound. Do scientists even know why music makes us feel emotions? Is the ocean really as silent as it seems, or are fish partying down there? And how did computer nerds send each other video games and Christmas cards through radio broadcasts? </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="http://web.physics.ucsb.edu/~lecturedemonstrations/Composer/Pages/44.51.html"><span>http://web.physics.ucsb.edu/~lecturedemonstrations/Composer/Pages/44.51.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.wired.com/2010/10/the-real-original-remote-control-zenith-space-command/"><span>https://www.wired.com/2010/10/the-real-original-remote-control-zenith-space-command/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://gizmodo.com/what-went-wrong-with-the-first-tv-remotes-390783"><span>https://gizmodo.com/what-went-wrong-with-the-first-tv-remotes-390783</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/10/these-butterflies-boost-their-hearing-unusual-strategy"><span>https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/10/these-butterflies-boost-their-hearing-unusual-strategy</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Computer program cassettes:</span></p> <p><a href="https://qz.com/emails/quartz-obsession/1156672/"><span>https://qz.com/emails/quartz-obsession/1156672/</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Audio/tape2.html"><span>http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Audio/tape2.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://artsites.ucsc.edu/EMS/music/tech_background/TE-16/teces_16.html"><span>http://artsites.ucsc.edu/EMS/music/tech_background/TE-16/teces_16.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_fifty.html"><span>https://www.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/storage/storage_fifty.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://archive.org/stream/byte-magazine-1976-02/1976_02_BYTE_00-06_Color_Graphics#page/n73/mode/1up"><span>https://archive.org/stream/byte-magazine-1976-02/1976_02_BYTE_00-06_Color_Graphics#page/n73/mode/1up</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.retrotechnology.com/restore/cass_data.html"><span>http://www.retrotechnology.com/restore/cass_data.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.kotaku.co.uk/2014/10/13/people-used-download-games-radio"><span>http://www.kotaku.co.uk/2014/10/13/people-used-download-games-radio</span></a></p> <p><span>Mario sprite demo: </span><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WrDbnvUK76s"><span>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WrDbnvUK76s</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Coral reef sounds:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022098110003345?via%3Dihub"><span>https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022098110003345?via%3Dihub</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2010/7226.html"><span>http://www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2010/7226.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://insider.si.edu/2010/10/healthy-coral-reefs-are-noisier/"><span>https://insider.si.edu/2010/10/healthy-coral-reefs-are-noisier/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4f76/b700cf327dbd93448a7f9432c1ba291f8b89.pdf?_ga=2.144990451.678937569.1556899389-410206069.1556899389"><span>https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/4f76/b700cf327dbd93448a7f9432c1ba291f8b89.pdf?_ga=2.144990451.678937569.1556899389-410206069.1556899389</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>General feelings &amp; physiological effects:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.nature.com/news/why-dissonant-music-strikes-the-wrong-chord-in-the-brain-1.11791"><span>https://www.nature.com/news/why-dissonant-music-strikes-the-wrong-chord-in-the-brain-1.11791</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.pnas.org/content/109/48/19858"><span>https://www.pnas.org/content/109/48/19858</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00140130600899104?scroll=top&amp;needAccess=true&amp;journalCode=terg20"><span>https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00140130600899104?scroll=top&amp;needAccess=true&amp;journalCode=terg20</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nature.com/news/neuroaesthetics-is-killing-your-soul-1.12640"><span>https://www.nature.com/news/neuroaesthetics-is-killing-your-soul-1.12640</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Chills:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/researchers-look-what-happens-brain-when-music-causes-chills-180959481/"><span>https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/researchers-look-what-happens-brain-when-music-causes-chills-180959481/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.wired.com/2011/01/the-neuroscience-of-music/"><span>https://www.wired.com/2011/01/the-neuroscience-of-music/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/nn.2726"><span>https://www.nature.com/articles/nn.2726</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0305735615572358"><span>https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0305735615572358</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Harmony:</span></p> <p><a href="https://arxiv.org/html/1202.4212v1/#sec_2_3_2"><span>https://arxiv.org/html/1202.4212v1/#sec_2_3_2</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20930-why-harmony-pleases-the-brain/"><span>https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20930-why-harmony-pleases-the-brain/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.108103"><span>https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.108103</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Fart noises:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.menshealth.com/health/a19545944/fart-noises/"><span>https://www.menshealth.com/health/a19545944/fart-noises/</span></a></p> <p><br><br></p>
May 07, 2019
25 - Mutation
33:49
<p><span>This week, we’re joined by Trace Dominguez from the YouTube channel Uno Dos of Trace to talk about genetic mutations! Tiny changes in an organism’s DNA sequence can lead to big variations or absolutely nothing. It’s just a roll of the dice! So what mutations have shown up in modern humans—different bones, livers, or even eyeballs? What is “foreign DNA” and where does it even come from? And can anybody name as many X-Men as Sam? </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Hypoxia:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencealert.com/indonesian-bajau-genetic-changes-adapt-them-to-aquatic-lifestyle-2"><span>https://www.sciencealert.com/indonesian-bajau-genetic-changes-adapt-them-to-aquatic-lifestyle-2</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Bones:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.the-scientist.com/notebook-old/the-worlds-densest-bones-47155"><span>https://www.the-scientist.com/notebook-old/the-worlds-densest-bones-47155</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa013444"><span>https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmoa013444</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28893644"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28893644</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Smoking:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1994-10-17-mn-51362-story.html"><span>https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1994-10-17-mn-51362-story.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Tetrachromacy:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK10848/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK10848/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://research.ncl.ac.uk/tetrachromacy/thescience/"><span>https://research.ncl.ac.uk/tetrachromacy/thescience/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.3758/BF03196159"><span>https://link.springer.com/article/10.3758/BF03196159</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2191517"><span>https://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2191517</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://discovermagazine.com/2012/jul-aug/06-humans-with-super-human-vision"><span>http://discovermagazine.com/2012/jul-aug/06-humans-with-super-human-vision</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://old.post-gazette.com/pg/06256/721190-114.stm"><span>http://old.post-gazette.com/pg/06256/721190-114.stm</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Colchicine and watermelons:</span></p> <p><a href="https://csuvth.colostate.edu/poisonous_plants/Plants/Details/79"><span>https://csuvth.colostate.edu/poisonous_plants/Plants/Details/79</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4656054/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4656054/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://scialert.net/fulltextmobile/?doi=jbs.2013.277.282"><span>https://scialert.net/fulltextmobile/?doi=jbs.2013.277.282</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/CAT71326739/PDF"><span>https://naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/CAT71326739/PDF</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/newsletters/hortupdate/hortupdate_archives/2000/may00/h5may00.html"><span>https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/newsletters/hortupdate/hortupdate_archives/2000/may00/h5may00.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/artful-amoeba/for-plants-polyploidy-is-not-a-four-letter-word/"><span>https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/artful-amoeba/for-plants-polyploidy-is-not-a-four-letter-word/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Foreign DNA:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-11/uonc-ahc111815.php"><span>https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-11/uonc-ahc111815.php</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/290835.php"><span>https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/290835.php</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://genomebiology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13059-015-0607-3"><span>https://genomebiology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13059-015-0607-3</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2009.1679"><span>https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2009.1679</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7934/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7934/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6177113/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6177113/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Beautiful buttocks:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.nature.com/news/2002/020917/full/news020916-3.html"><span>https://www.nature.com/news/2002/020917/full/news020916-3.html</span></a></p>
Apr 30, 2019
24 - Agriculture
34:26
<p><span>A bunch of things are considered agricultural science, from planting crops and raising sheep for wool to food safety and developing fertilizers. This week, we’re skimming the surface of agriculture, with a little detour into animals that sort of farm too. What accidental evolutionary pressures turned weeds into popular crops? Why are seed vaults so important to humanity? And what made Big Mike  basically go extinct, and are we worried about it happening with other crops? (Big Mike is a banana, by the way.)</span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://india.mongabay.com/2018/10/farmer-termites-bury-invaders-alive-to-protect-fungus-farms/"><span>https://india.mongabay.com/2018/10/farmer-termites-bury-invaders-alive-to-protect-fungus-farms/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10886-017-0902-4"><span>https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10886-017-0902-4</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00040-010-0092-3"><span>https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00040-010-0092-3</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0156847"><span>https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0156847</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Vavilovian mimicry:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/weed-science/article/vavilovian-mimicry-nikolai-vavilov-and-his-littleknown-impact-on-weed-science/1B0263622E208DA4548BF0BCB918F255"><span>https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/weed-science/article/vavilovian-mimicry-nikolai-vavilov-and-his-littleknown-impact-on-weed-science/1B0263622E208DA4548BF0BCB918F255</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02858881"><span>https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02858881</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://labs.eeb.utoronto.ca/barrett/pdf/schb_54.pdf"><span>http://labs.eeb.utoronto.ca/barrett/pdf/schb_54.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1752-4571.2010.00140.x"><span>https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1752-4571.2010.00140.x</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Leningrad seed vault:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21328502-000-lost-treasures-the-soviet-seed-bank/"><span>https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21328502-000-lost-treasures-the-soviet-seed-bank/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/fl-xpm-1992-05-13-9202080144-story.html"><span>https://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/fl-xpm-1992-05-13-9202080144-story.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.rbth.com/blogs/2014/05/12/the_men_who_starved_to_death_to_save_the_worlds_seeds_35135"><span>https://www.rbth.com/blogs/2014/05/12/the_men_who_starved_to_death_to_save_the_worlds_seeds_35135</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1992/05/12/soviet-botanists-starved-saving-seeds-for-future/10840121-9058-4c1f-ae7a-22ac16a6f4de/?noredirect=on&amp;utm_term=.f5d042f77aec"><span>https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1992/05/12/soviet-botanists-starved-saving-seeds-for-future/10840121-9058-4c1f-ae7a-22ac16a6f4de/?noredirect=on&amp;utm_term=.f5d042f77aec</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Bananas:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/oct/25/banana-farming-danger-cavendish-crop-genetics"><span>https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/oct/25/banana-farming-danger-cavendish-crop-genetics</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/jun/18/scientists-scramble-to-stop-bananas-being-killed-off"><span>https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/jun/18/scientists-scramble-to-stop-bananas-being-killed-off</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2017/12/27/banana-fungus-panama-disease/#.XIgdQFNKhxw"><span>http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2017/12/27/banana-fungus-panama-disease/#.XIgdQFNKhxw</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.apsnet.org/about/newsroom/releases/Pages/03Banana.aspx"><span>https://www.apsnet.org/about/newsroom/releases/Pages/03Banana.aspx</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://fusariumwilt.org/index.php/en/about-fusarium-wilt/"><span>https://fusariumwilt.org/index.php/en/about-fusarium-wilt/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-44712034"><span>https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-44712034</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Night soil: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2013/05/07/182010827/is-it-safe-to-use-compost-made-from-treated-human-waste"><span>https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2013/05/07/182010827/is-it-safe-to-use-compost-made-from-treated-human-waste</span></a></p> <p><br><br></p>
Apr 23, 2019
23 - Pregnancy
31:04
<p><span>Pregnancy is, biologically speaking, extremely weird! A pregnant animal’s body goes through so many hormonal and physical changes to make sure a zygote has everything it needs to grow. This week, we’re talking about a few of those things, like why pregnant people get nauseated and other animals might not. So is pseudopregnancy a real thing, or are pandas just tricking zookeepers to get extra treats? Why is there a patent for a birthing machine that looks like a horrible carnival ride? And what the heck is a stone baby? </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://patents.google.com/patent/US3216423A/en"><span>https://patents.google.com/patent/US3216423A/en</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://dublin.sciencegallery.com/failbetter/apparatusfacilitatingbirthchildcentrifugalforce/"><span>https://dublin.sciencegallery.com/failbetter/apparatusfacilitatingbirthchildcentrifugalforce/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Panda pseudopregnancy:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.huffpost.com/entry/panda-yuan-yuan-fakes-pregnancy_n_55b99debe4b095423d0dddfe"><span>https://www.huffpost.com/entry/panda-yuan-yuan-fakes-pregnancy_n_55b99debe4b095423d0dddfe</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://news.sina.com.cn/s/2015-07-28/210632155850.shtml"><span>http://news.sina.com.cn/s/2015-07-28/210632155850.shtml</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-23626756"><span>https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-23626756</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://rep.bioscientifica.com/view/journals/rep/138/6/979.xml"><span>https://rep.bioscientifica.com/view/journals/rep/138/6/979.xml</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.livescience.com/6304-perplexing-panda-pseudo-pregnancy-pondered.html"><span>https://www.livescience.com/6304-perplexing-panda-pseudo-pregnancy-pondered.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Lithopedion:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3979976/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3979976/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://alumni.amc.edu/pages/archives/archives---the-stone-baby"><span>https://alumni.amc.edu/pages/archives/archives---the-stone-baby</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://utmb.influuent.utsystem.edu/en/publications/lithopedion-stone-baby"><span>https://utmb.influuent.utsystem.edu/en/publications/lithopedion-stone-baby</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.health.harvard.edu/womens-health/calcium-beyond-the-bones"><span>https://www.health.harvard.edu/womens-health/calcium-beyond-the-bones</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4750627/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4750627/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Morning sickness:</span></p> <p><a href="http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2000/05/morning-sickness-protects-mothers-and-their-unborn"><span>http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2000/05/morning-sickness-protects-mothers-and-their-unborn</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3676933/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3676933/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.jstor.org/stable/2664252?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents"><span>https://www.jstor.org/stable/2664252?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.pregnancysicknesssupport.org.uk/resources/literature-review/symptoms-of-nvp-in-animals/"><span>https://www.pregnancysicknesssupport.org.uk/resources/literature-review/symptoms-of-nvp-in-animals/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.livescience.com/32301-do-pregnant-animals-get-morning-sickness.html"><span>https://www.livescience.com/32301-do-pregnant-animals-get-morning-sickness.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Meconium:</span></p> <p><a href="http://science.sciencemag.org/content/112/2901/150.long"><span>http://science.sciencemag.org/content/112/2901/150.long</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18281199"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18281199</span></a></p>
Apr 16, 2019
22 - Ancient Mega
33:37
<p><span>This week, we’re joined by Blake de Pastino from the YouTube channel PBS Eons to talk about how plants, animals, and geologic events used to be so… huge. There are still blue whales and massive natural disasters, but the days of the Megalodon have passed. So were those big tunnels in South America really dug out by giant ground sloths? Where is the largest impact crater in the Solar System? And did humans really huddle under the skeletal remains of the giant armadillo-like </span><em><span>Glyptodon</span></em><span>? </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://natural-history.uoregon.edu/collections/web-galleries/saber-toothed-salmon"><span>https://natural-history.uoregon.edu/collections/web-galleries/saber-toothed-salmon</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://cals.arizona.edu/classes/ento596c/topic/session9.html"><span>https://cals.arizona.edu/classes/ento596c/topic/session9.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10420940.2016.1223654?scroll=top&amp;needAccess=true&amp;"><span>https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10420940.2016.1223654?scroll=top&amp;needAccess=true&amp;</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2017/03/28/paleoburrows-south-america/#.XFC3uc9Khxz"><span>http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/crux/2017/03/28/paleoburrows-south-america/#.XFC3uc9Khxz</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://revistapesquisa.fapesp.br/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/044_Paleotocas_ING.pdf"><span>http://revistapesquisa.fapesp.br/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/044_Paleotocas_ING.pdf</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Martian craters:</span></p> <p><a href="https://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i2782/"><span>https://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i2782/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2008/jun/HQ_08159_Mars_crater.html"><span>https://www.nasa.gov/home/hqnews/2008/jun/HQ_08159_Mars_crater.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA03796"><span>https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA03796</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://news.mit.edu/2008/solar-systems-biggest-impact-scar-discovered"><span>http://news.mit.edu/2008/solar-systems-biggest-impact-scar-discovered</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/nature07011"><span>https://www.nature.com/articles/nature07011</span></a></p> <p><span>map that Hank references: </span><a href="https://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i2782/i2782_sh1.pdf"><span>https://pubs.usgs.gov/imap/i2782/i2782_sh1.pdf</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Agulhas slump:</span></p> <p><a href="https://epic.awi.de/id/eprint/20743/1/Uen2009f.pdf"><span>https://epic.awi.de/id/eprint/20743/1/Uen2009f.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://jgs.lyellcollection.org/content/134/3/293"><span>https://jgs.lyellcollection.org/content/134/3/293</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=VGpQDom2QWQC&amp;pg=PA222#v=onepage&amp;q&amp;f=false"><span>https://books.google.com/books?id=VGpQDom2QWQC&amp;pg=PA222#v=onepage&amp;q&amp;f=false</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://geology.com/landslides/saidmarreh-landslide.shtml"><span>https://geology.com/landslides/saidmarreh-landslide.shtml</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.jstor.org/stable/30081302?cookieSet=1&amp;seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents"><span>https://www.jstor.org/stable/30081302?cookieSet=1&amp;seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Glyptodon carapaces:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/02/ancient-armadillos-grew-big-vw-beetles"><span>https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/02/ancient-armadillos-grew-big-vw-beetles</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=kUAKgNfiAvoC&amp;pg=PA184#v=onepage&amp;q&amp;f=false"><span>https://books.google.com/books?id=kUAKgNfiAvoC&amp;pg=PA184#v=onepage&amp;q&amp;f=false</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.jstor.org/stable/971990?read-now=1&amp;seq=6#page_scan_tab_contents"><span>https://www.jstor.org/stable/971990?read-now=1&amp;seq=6#page_scan_tab_contents</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1179/2055556315Z.00000000031?journalCode=ypal20"><span>https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1179/2055556315Z.00000000031?journalCode=ypal20</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=2tk_AAAAYAAJ&amp;pg=PA223&amp;lpg=PA223&amp;dq=%22the+most+plausible+solution+appears+to+be+the+assumption+that+the+carapace%22&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=-LXcE8wZSX&amp;sig=ACfU3U2ibyox6AYv0GS3t1cv9PHj-Mx7dw&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=2ahUKEwjfsofizpPgAhWk8oMKHRfCDicQ6AEwCHoECAIQAQ#v=onepage"><span>https://books.google.com/books?id=2tk_AAAAYAAJ&amp;pg=PA223&amp;lpg=PA223</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Stegosaurus butt brain misconception:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/the-double-dinosaur-brain-myth-12155823/"><span>https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/the-double-dinosaur-brain-myth-12155823/</span></a></p> <p><br><br><br></p>
Apr 09, 2019
21 - Bats
<p><span>Bats have a bad reputation because of the ones that drink blood or spread disease, but these furry flying critters can be pretty cute! This week, we’re talking about everything from echolocation to weird potential uses for bat poop. Are there really bats with suction cups on their wings or is that just a cool toy idea? What is white nose syndrome and could vaping mushroom compounds… help? And what do you really think about Hank’s Dracula impression? </span> </p> <p><span>Follow us on Twitter <a href="https://twitter.com/scishowtangents" target="_blank">@SciShowTangents</a>, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! </span> </p> <p><span>And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p><strong>[Poem]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/these-pitcher-plants-call-bats-get-their-poo-180956014/"><span>https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/these-pitcher-plants-call-bats-get-their-poo-180956014/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rsbl.2010.1141"><span>https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rsbl.2010.1141</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Bats that spend time on the ground:</span></p> <p><a href="http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2005/03/vampire-bats-keep-out-trouble-running-study-shows"><span>http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2005/03/vampire-bats-keep-out-trouble-running-study-shows</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16621953"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16621953</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.australiangeographic.com.au/blogs/creatura-blog/2018/01/why-fly-when-you-can-shuffle-the-lesser-short-tailed-bat-prefers-the-ground/"><span>https://www.australiangeographic.com.au/blogs/creatura-blog/2018/01/why-fly-when-you-can-shuffle-the-lesser-short-tailed-bat-prefers-the-ground/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Diurnal bats:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/11/daytime-bats-help-explain-nocturnal-evolution/"><span>https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/11/daytime-bats-help-explain-nocturnal-evolution/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://blogs.plos.org/ecology/2017/06/29/bat-species-found-only-on-islands-in-trouble-worldwide/"><span>https://blogs.plos.org/ecology/2017/06/29/bat-species-found-only-on-islands-in-trouble-worldwide/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/mamm.ahead-of-print/mammalia-2017-0128/mammalia-2017-0128.xml"><span>https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/mamm.ahead-of-print/mammalia-2017-0128/mammalia-2017-0128.xml</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Suction cup bats:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.wired.com/2010/04/how-sucker-winged-bats-hang-on/"><span>https://www.wired.com/2010/04/how-sucker-winged-bats-hang-on/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Bat &amp; dolphin echolocation:</span></p> <p><a href="https://evolutionnews.org/2012/05/tangling_the_tr/"><span>https://evolutionnews.org/2012/05/tangling_the_tr/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2010/01/hear-bats-and-whales-share-sonar-protein"><span>https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2010/01/hear-bats-and-whales-share-sonar-protein</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(09)02073-9"><span>https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(09)02073-9</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/nature12511"><span>https://www.nature.com/articles/nature12511</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/tetrapod-zoology/refined-fine-tuned-placental-mammal-family-tree/"><span>https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/tetrapod-zoology/refined-fine-tuned-placental-mammal-family-tree/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Moth echolocation blocker:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2009/07/moths-block-bats-sonar"><span>https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2009/07/moths-block-bats-sonar</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://science.sciencemag.org/content/325/5938/325?keytype=ref&amp;siteid=sci&amp;ijkey=GbDjRlkoHfRnY"><span>http://science.sciencemag.org/content/325/5938/325?keytype=ref&amp;siteid=sci&amp;ijkey=GbDjRlkoHfRnY</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2009/07/17/tiger-moths-jam-the-sonar-of-bats/"><span>https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2009/07/17/tiger-moths-jam-the-sonar-of-bats/</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://jeb.biologists.org/content/214/14/2416"><span>http://jeb.biologists.org/content/214/14/2416</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>White-nose syndrome:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/bat_crisis_white-nose_syndrome/Q_and_A.html"><span>https://www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/bat_crisis_white-nose_syndrome/Q_and_A.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.whitenosesyndrome.org/static-page/what-is-white-nose-syndrome"><span>https://www.whitenosesyndrome.org/static-page/what-is-white-nose-syndrome</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-bats-could-bounce-back-devastating-white-nose-syndrome-180969378/"><span>https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-bats-could-bounce-back-devastating-white-nose-syndrome-180969378/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-02441-z"><span>https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-017-02441-z</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.mdpi.com/2309-608X/4/2/48"><span>https://www.mdpi.com/2309-608X/4/2/48</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Bat guano gunpowder:</span></p> <p><a href="https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/dkc09"><span>https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/dkc09</span></a></p>
Apr 02, 2019
20 - Charles Darwin
32:31
<p><span>You might know him from his greatest hits: natural selection, Galápagos finches, and eating lots of the animals he studied… it’s Charles Darwin! This week, we’re talking about this famous biologist and some of the weirder science he did. What kind of books did he write after he published </span><em><span>On the Origin of Species</span></em><span>? Why was he so disgusted by fish spitting out seeds? And was it normal to write a letter to a scientist friend and ask detailed questions about barnacle sex?</span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Follow us on Twitter @SciShowTangents, where we’ll tweet out themes for upcoming episodes and you can ask the science couch questions! </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>And if you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/4x38gj/darwins-monsters-parasitoid-wasps"><span>https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/4x38gj/darwins-monsters-parasitoid-wasps</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=lIcoAQAAMAAJ&amp;pg=PA179&amp;lpg=PA179&amp;dq=charles+darwin+eyebrows&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=YrNkw9VczZ&amp;sig=ACfU3U06m2pYFahEfpPveHOyT8auD0ZeXw&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=2ahUKEwivsMeU4LvgAhUbJzQIHUaoA5wQ6AEwFXoECAgQAQ#v=onepage&amp;q=charles%20darwin%20eyebrows&amp;f=false"><span>https://books.google.com/books?id=lIcoAQAAMAAJ&amp;pg=PA179&amp;lpg=PA179&amp;dq=charles+darwin+eyebrows&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=YrNkw9VczZ&amp;sig=ACfU3U06m2pYFahEfpPveHOyT8auD0ZeXw&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=2ahUKEwivsMeU4LvgAhUbJzQIHUaoA5wQ6AEwFXoECAgQAQ#v=onepage&amp;q=charles%20darwin%20eyebrows&amp;f=false</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Seeds &amp; fish:</span></p> <p><a href="http://darwin-online.org.uk/content/frameset?itemID=F1683&amp;viewtype=text&amp;pageseq=1"><span>http://darwin-online.org.uk/content/frameset?itemID=F1683&amp;viewtype=text&amp;pageseq=1</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/letter/DCP-LETT-1681.xml"><span>https://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/letter/DCP-LETT-1681.xml</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2017/11/17/darwin-bird-vomit/#.XBlv3c9Khxw"><span>http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2017/11/17/darwin-bird-vomit/#.XBlv3c9Khxw</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://academic.oup.com/botlinnean/article/161/1/20/2418329"><span>https://academic.oup.com/botlinnean/article/161/1/20/2418329</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Barnacles: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3574338/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3574338/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/56/4/728/2198193"><span>https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/56/4/728/2198193</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Darwin’s understanding vs. ours:</span></p> <p><a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/earth/story/20141017-how-flowers-conquered-the-world"><span>http://www.bbc.co.uk/earth/story/20141017-how-flowers-conquered-the-world</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/what-darwin-didnt-know-45637001/"><span>https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/what-darwin-didnt-know-45637001/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.wired.com/2014/12/fantastically-wrong-thing-evolution-darwin-really-screwed/"><span>https://www.wired.com/2014/12/fantastically-wrong-thing-evolution-darwin-really-screwed/</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.esp.org/books/darwin/variation/facsimile/contents/darwin-variation-chap-27-i.pdf"><span>http://www.esp.org/books/darwin/variation/facsimile/contents/darwin-variation-chap-27-i.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.blc.arizona.edu/courses/schaffer/449/Soft%20Inhertance/Geison%20-%20Pangenesis.pdf"><span>http://www.blc.arizona.edu/courses/schaffer/449/Soft%20Inhertance/Geison%20-%20Pangenesis.pdf</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Darwin bark spider:</span></p> <p><a href="http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20151126-the-worlds-biggest-spider-web-can-span-an-entire-river"><span>http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20151126-the-worlds-biggest-spider-web-can-span-an-entire-river</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0011234"><span>https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0011234</span></a></p>
Mar 26, 2019
19 - Timekeeping
32:54
<p><span>If you think about it, we’re all time travelers moving forward at one second per second… right? This week, we try really hard to define time, get sort of existential about it, and then talk about the science of timekeeping, from circadian rhythms to weird mechanical clocks. What happens to someone’s sense of time if you put them in a big bunker locked away from the outside world? How did we decide there would be 60 seconds in a minute, and did we ever try to measure time with a decimal system? And if a human were to instantaneously dissolve into a pile of goo because their time was up, what would it sound like? </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://mechanism.ucsd.edu/teaching/F11/philbiology2011/aschoff.circadianrhythmsinman.1965.pdf"><span>https://mechanism.ucsd.edu/teaching/F11/philbiology2011/aschoff.circadianrhythmsinman.1965.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.mpg.de/943613/S003_Flashback_060_061.pdf"><span>https://www.mpg.de/943613/S003_Flashback_060_061.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/science-obituaries/6216073/Maurizio-Montalbini.html"><span>https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/science-obituaries/6216073/Maurizio-Montalbini.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Music &amp; walking:</span></p> <p><a href="https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0067932"><span>https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0067932</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130710182938.htm"><span>https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/07/130710182938.htm</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Castle Clock: </span></p> <p><a href="http://muslimheritage.com/article/al-jazari%E2%80%99s-castle-water-clock-analysis-its-components-and-functioning"><span>http://muslimheritage.com/article/al-jazari%E2%80%99s-castle-water-clock-analysis-its-components-and-functioning</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/al-jazari-s-book-of-knowledge-of-ingenious-mechanical-devices-the-castle-water-clock/DgF6LT4UYXvU4A"><span>https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/al-jazari-s-book-of-knowledge-of-ingenious-mechanical-devices-the-castle-water-clock/DgF6LT4UYXvU4A</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ee.columbia.edu/not-your-father%E2%80%99s-analog-computer-professor-yannis-tsividis"><span>https://www.ee.columbia.edu/not-your-father%E2%80%99s-analog-computer-professor-yannis-tsividis</span></a></p> <p><span>Animation: </span><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qz7soHvy-Pw"><span>https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qz7soHvy-Pw</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>60 seconds/minutes:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/notesandqueries/query/0,5753,-1487,00.html"><span>https://www.theguardian.com/notesandqueries/query/0,5753,-1487,00.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/161-our-solar-system/the-earth/day-night-cycle/761-why-is-a-day-divided-into-24-hours-intermediate"><span>http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/161-our-solar-system/the-earth/day-night-cycle/761-why-is-a-day-divided-into-24-hours-intermediate</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://gizmodo.com/why-there-are-24-hours-in-a-day-5926491"><span>https://gizmodo.com/why-there-are-24-hours-in-a-day-5926491</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://mentalfloss.com/article/32127/decimal-time-how-french-made-10-hour-day"><span>http://mentalfloss.com/article/32127/decimal-time-how-french-made-10-hour-day</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Speed of poop:</span></p> <p><a href="https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/04/speed-of-poop-big-or-small-mammals-drop-a-deuce-in-12-secs-study-finds/"><span>https://arstechnica.com/science/2017/04/speed-of-poop-big-or-small-mammals-drop-a-deuce-in-12-secs-study-finds/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2017/sm/c6sm02795d/unauth#!divAbstract"><span>https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2017/sm/c6sm02795d/unauth#!divAbstract</span></a></p>
Mar 19, 2019
18 - Giant Rodents
32:32
<p><span>When can you start calling a rodent “giant?” When it’s twice the average size of its species? When you’re not grossed out by it? When it could be a mascot for a family fun center? We don’t really have a precise answer to that… but this week, we’re exploring the science of big ol’ rodents! Turns out, giant rodents have shaped the environment in lots of ways, from ancient megafauna stomping through South American wetlands to beavers affecting the climate. And even though they sound kind of scary, giant rats might be able to save human lives. But the real question is: what’s up with capybara anal pouches?</span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://news.northwestern.edu/stories/2015/02/making-teeth-tough-beavers-show-way-to-improve-our-enamel-"><span>https://news.northwestern.edu/stories/2015/02/making-teeth-tough-beavers-show-way-to-improve-our-enamel-</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.sci-news.com/biology/science-biswamoyopterus-laoensis-new-species-flying-squirrel-laos-01361.html"><span>http://www.sci-news.com/biology/science-biswamoyopterus-laoensis-new-species-flying-squirrel-laos-01361.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.apopo.info/en/tuberculosis-detection/projects"><span>https://www.apopo.info/en/tuberculosis-detection/projects</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.treatmentactiongroup.org/tb/background"><span>http://www.treatmentactiongroup.org/tb/background</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/feb/23/rats-who-sniff-out-tubersulosis"><span>https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/feb/23/rats-who-sniff-out-tubersulosis</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/08/140816-rats-tuberculosis-smell-disease-health-animals-world/"><span>https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/08/140816-rats-tuberculosis-smell-disease-health-animals-world/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Hippos &amp; biggest rodent:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn13188-one-tonne-rodent-discovered-in-south-america/"><span>https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn13188-one-tonne-rodent-discovered-in-south-america/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://phys.org/news/2015-02-giant-rodent-incisors-tusks.html"><span>https://phys.org/news/2015-02-giant-rodent-incisors-tusks.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/09/colombia-cocaine-hippos-rewilding-experiment-news/"><span>https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/09/colombia-cocaine-hippos-rewilding-experiment-news/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2530064417300810"><span>https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2530064417300810</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Beavers &amp; carbon emissions:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/uoh-bha082918.php"><span>https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/uoh-bha082918.php</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2013/07/what-role-do-beavers-play-climate-change"><span>https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2013/07/what-role-do-beavers-play-climate-change</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13280-014-0575-y"><span>https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13280-014-0575-y</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Gigantism:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/why-king-kong-should-have-been-blue-whale-180962603/"><span>https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/why-king-kong-should-have-been-blue-whale-180962603/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/482008d"><span>https://www.nature.com/articles/482008d</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/05/120521-killer-mice-birds-gough-island-endangered-animals-science/"><span>https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/05/120521-killer-mice-birds-gough-island-endangered-animals-science/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2012.00534.x"><span>https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2012.00534.x</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4358651/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4358651/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Capybara anal pouches:</span></p> <p><a href="https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1984.tb05087.x"><span>https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1984.tb05087.x</span></a></p> <p> </p>
Mar 12, 2019
17 - Celebrity Science with Elah Feder
45:20
<p><span>For our very first live show at PodCon 2, we were joined by Elah Feder, the co-host and producer of the podcast Undiscovered! Podcasting on a stage with a live audience meant we really had to bring our A-game, so we swapped stories of famous actors, politicians, and other celebrities who also dabbled in science. What did Julia Child help cook up for a wartime U.S. intelligence agency? When he wasn’t being a rock star, why was Brian May studying starlight? And how did someone who signed the Declaration of Independence give Lewis and Clark’s diarrhea? </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="http://ancientolympics.arts.kuleuven.be/eng/TC003EN.html"><span>http://ancientolympics.arts.kuleuven.be/eng/TC003EN.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/old-world-high-tech-141284744/"><span>https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/old-world-high-tech-141284744/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Julia Child:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.cia.gov/news-information/featured-story-archive/2015-featured-story-archive/shark-repellent.html"><span>https://www.cia.gov/news-information/featured-story-archive/2015-featured-story-archive/shark-repellent.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://appliedecology.cals.ncsu.edu/absci/wp-content/uploads/Stroud-et-al-2014.pdf"><span>https://appliedecology.cals.ncsu.edu/absci/wp-content/uploads/Stroud-et-al-2014.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10125/4935"><span>https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10125/4935</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://faculty.washington.edu/sisneros/Sisneros%20and%20Nelson%202001.pdf"><span>https://faculty.washington.edu/sisneros/Sisneros%20and%20Nelson%202001.pdf</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Zeppo Marx: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2010/10/celebrity-invention-zeppo-marxs-heart-rate-monitor-and-heating-pad/64261/"><span>https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2010/10/celebrity-invention-zeppo-marxs-heart-rate-monitor-and-heating-pad/64261/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://patents.google.com/patent/US3426747"><span>https://patents.google.com/patent/US3426747</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://patents.google.com/patent/US2590026"><span>https://patents.google.com/patent/US2590026</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.airspacemag.com/history-of-flight/oldies-amp-oddities-zeppos-gizmo-729132/"><span>https://www.airspacemag.com/history-of-flight/oldies-amp-oddities-zeppos-gizmo-729132/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Brian May’s thesis: </span></p> <p><a href="https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/295744.pdf"><span>https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/295744.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.space.com/5692-queen-guitarist-publishes-astrophysics-thesis.html"><span>https://www.space.com/5692-queen-guitarist-publishes-astrophysics-thesis.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/cosmic_reference/zodydust.html"><span>http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/cosmic_reference/zodydust.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1994IAUS..160..127D"><span>http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1994IAUS..160..127D</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Dr. Rush’s Bilious Pills:</span></p> <p><a href="https://io9.gizmodo.com/archaeologists-tracked-lewis-and-clark-by-following-the-1727887223"><span>https://io9.gizmodo.com/archaeologists-tracked-lewis-and-clark-by-following-the-1727887223</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nps.gov/jeff/learn/historyculture/medrush.htm"><span>https://www.nps.gov/jeff/learn/historyculture/medrush.htm</span></a></p>
Mar 05, 2019
16 - Bees
31:38
<p><span>Do you ever just wonder, “are the bees doing okay?” They’re so important to our food industry and native ecosystems, and every couple of years it seems like something horribly bad is happening to them. So this week, we’re taking a look at the fascinating lives and deaths of bees! Can they recognize human faces or understand the concept of zero? Why are blister beetles mimicking sexy bee pheromones? And what do nightclubs and honeybee hives have in common? </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Poem]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/03/120316-hot-bee-balls-hornets-insects-brains-animals-science/"><span>https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2012/03/120316-hot-bee-balls-hornets-insects-brains-animals-science/</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://jeb.biologists.org/content/jexbio/206/2/353.full.pdf"><span>http://jeb.biologists.org/content/jexbio/206/2/353.full.pdf</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0184343"><span>https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0184343</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6393/1124"><span>http://science.sciencemag.org/content/360/6393/1124</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/insects-recognize-faces-using-processing-mechanism-similar-to-that-of-humans/"><span>https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/insects-recognize-faces-using-processing-mechanism-similar-to-that-of-humans/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Blister beetles &amp; ground bees: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.pnas.org/content/115/39/9756"><span>https://www.pnas.org/content/115/39/9756</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/09/bees-blister-beetles-evolution-parasites-pheromones-news/"><span>https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2018/09/bees-blister-beetles-evolution-parasites-pheromones-news/</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://entomology.ucdavis.edu/News/How_Blister_Beetle_Nest_Parasites_Cooperate_to_Mimic_the_Sex_Pheromone_of_a_Solitary_Bee/"><span>http://entomology.ucdavis.edu/News/How_Blister_Beetle_Nest_Parasites_Cooperate_to_Mimic_the_Sex_Pheromone_of_a_Solitary_Bee/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Drunk bees:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/science/2001/dec/13/research.highereducation1"><span>https://www.theguardian.com/science/2001/dec/13/research.highereducation1</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn22-boozing-bees/"><span>https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn22-boozing-bees/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0741832905001497"><span>https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0741832905001497</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1074742708001433"><span>https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1074742708001433</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002219100600165X"><span>https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002219100600165X</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>CCD: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.epa.gov/pollinator-protection/colony-collapse-disorder"><span>https://www.epa.gov/pollinator-protection/colony-collapse-disorder</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Glyphosate:</span></p> <p><a href="http://jeb.biologists.org/content/218/17/2799"><span>http://jeb.biologists.org/content/218/17/2799</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.glyphosate.eu/glyphosate-mechanism-action"><span>https://www.glyphosate.eu/glyphosate-mechanism-action</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.pnas.org/content/115/41/10305"><span>https://www.pnas.org/content/115/41/10305</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Native bees:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.wired.com/2015/04/youre-worrying-wrong-bees/"><span>https://www.wired.com/2015/04/youre-worrying-wrong-bees/</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.xerces.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Xerces_policy_statement_HB_Final.pdf"><span>http://www.xerces.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Xerces_policy_statement_HB_Final.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5722319/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5722319/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Isopentyl acetate:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.extension.entm.purdue.edu/beehive/pdf/Breed_et_al.pdf"><span>https://www.extension.entm.purdue.edu/beehive/pdf/Breed_et_al.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/isoamyl_acetate#section=Top"><span>https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/isoamyl_acetate#section=Top</span></a></p> <p> </p>
Feb 26, 2019
15 - Artificial Intelligence
36:38
<p><span>We’ve all heard about “The Algorithms” that affect our lives, making decisions for and about us. And artificial intelligence systems are recommending podcasts, picking out targeted ads, and playing games against humans every single day. This week, we’re going to skim the surface of AI and chat about everything from Siri to personality prediction software. How are these tools used to help the world, or are we mostly heading toward a dystopian future? What’s the Turing test and is it even a useful measure of artificial intelligence? And if a poem is written with software… is it really art? (We don’t know either.)</span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Poem]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="http://janusnode.com/"><span>http://janusnode.com/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://www.zdnet.com/article/google-ai-vs-siri-vs-bing-iq-tests-show-one-is-smartest-by-a-mile/"><span>https://www.zdnet.com/article/google-ai-vs-siri-vs-bing-iq-tests-show-one-is-smartest-by-a-mile/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1709.10242"><span>https://arxiv.org/abs/1709.10242</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-38390798"><span>https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-38390798</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Anti-poaching:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/new-ai-camera-helps-conservationists-spot-elephant-poachers-180971180/"><span>https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/new-ai-camera-helps-conservationists-spot-elephant-poachers-180971180/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.inverse.com/article/52203-ai-camera-poacher-watch"><span>https://www.inverse.com/article/52203-ai-camera-poacher-watch</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.inverse.com/article/48043-paul-allen-makes-amends-with-coral-reefs-with-artificial-intelligence-research"><span>https://www.inverse.com/article/48043-paul-allen-makes-amends-with-coral-reefs-with-artificial-intelligence-research</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Eye tracking:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00105/full?utm_source=FWEB&amp;utm_medium=NBLOG&amp;utm_campaign=ECO_FNHUM_personality-eye-movements"><span>https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00105/full</span></a></p> <p><span>http://www.unisa.edu.au/Media-Centre/Releases/2018/Artificial-intelligence-can-predict-your-personality-simply-by-tracking-your-eyes/#.W1rI5cJ9ifk</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Turing test:</span></p> <p><a href="https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/turing-test/"><span>https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/turing-test/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20865-software-tricks-people-into-thinking-it-is-human/"><span>https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20865-software-tricks-people-into-thinking-it-is-human/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/turing-test-measures-something-but-not-intelligence-180951702/"><span>https://www.smithsonianmag.com/innovation/turing-test-measures-something-but-not-intelligence-180951702/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.wired.com/2012/06/flawed-turing-test/"><span>https://www.wired.com/2012/06/flawed-turing-test/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/jun/09/scientists-disagree-over-whether-turing-test-has-been-passed"><span>https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/jun/09/scientists-disagree-over-whether-turing-test-has-been-passed</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Artificial anus:</span></p> <p><a href="https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5655776"><span>https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5655776</span></a></p> <p> </p>
Feb 19, 2019
14 - The Sun with Caitlin Hofmeister
31:26
<p><span>This week, our producer Caitlin Hofmeister is joining the pod to talk about the Sun, and lending her expertise as a host of the YouTube channel SciShow Space. The Sun affects pretty much everything we do here on Earth, from our weather to our technology. So what schemes have scientists been cooking up to shield the Earth from the Sun? How have solar flares affected humans… and should we be afraid of them? And is “Guy” really a good nickname, or is this star more special than that? </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Definition]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://www.cfa.harvard.edu/~pberlind/atlas/htmls/note.html"><span>https://www.cfa.harvard.edu/~pberlind/atlas/htmls/note.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Tables/suncomp.html"><span>http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Tables/suncomp.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/news-blog/geoengineering-solution-no-9-the-fl-2008-09-08/"><span>https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/news-blog/geoengineering-solution-no-9-the-fl-2008-09-08/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/geoengineering-holds-promise-but-the-technology-needs-work/"><span>https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/geoengineering-holds-promise-but-the-technology-needs-work/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/blocking-the-sun-is-no-plan-b-for-global-warming/"><span>https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/blocking-the-sun-is-no-plan-b-for-global-warming/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/apr/05/scientists-suggest-giant-sunshade-in-sky-could-solve-global-warming"><span>https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/apr/05/scientists-suggest-giant-sunshade-in-sky-could-solve-global-warming</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20160425-how-a-giant-space-umbrella-could-stop-global-warming"><span>http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20160425-how-a-giant-space-umbrella-could-stop-global-warming</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2006-11/uoa-ssm110306.php"><span>https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2006-11/uoa-ssm110306.php</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Ocean mines:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencealert.com/the-sun-may-have-detonated-dozens-of-us-sea-mines-uncovered-navy-documents-reveal"><span>https://www.sciencealert.com/the-sun-may-have-detonated-dozens-of-us-sea-mines-uncovered-navy-documents-reveal</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://vva.vietnam.ttu.edu/repositories/2/digital_objects/83295"><span>https://vva.vietnam.ttu.edu/repositories/2/digital_objects/83295</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018SW002024"><span>https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018SW002024</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WAMUS_Mines.php#Vietnam_War_%22Destructor%22_Mines"><span>http://www.navweaps.com/Weapons/WAMUS_Mines.php#Vietnam_War_%22Destructor%22_Mines</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.navweaps.com/index_tech/tech-068.php#Magnetic_Mines"><span>http://www.navweaps.com/index_tech/tech-068.php#Magnetic_Mines</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>2012 solar storm:</span></p> <p><a href="https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2014/23jul_superstorm"><span>https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2014/23jul_superstorm</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/no-earth-wasn-t-nearly-destroyed-by-a-2012-solar-storm/"><span>https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/no-earth-wasn-t-nearly-destroyed-by-a-2012-solar-storm/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://slate.com/technology/2014/08/solar-storm-a-massive-2012-cme-just-missed-the-earth.html"><span>https://slate.com/technology/2014/08/solar-storm-a-massive-2012-cme-just-missed-the-earth.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Sun atmosphere:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/iris/multimedia/layerzoo.html"><span>https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/iris/multimedia/layerzoo.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.space.com/17160-sun-atmosphere.html"><span>https://www.space.com/17160-sun-atmosphere.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/science/objects/sun1.html"><span>https://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/science/objects/sun1.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>The Solar Anus:</span></p> <p><a href="https://newprairiepress.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&amp;httpsredir=1&amp;article=1507&amp;context=sttcl"><span>https://newprairiepress.org/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&amp;httpsredir=1&amp;article=1507&amp;context=sttcl</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/georges-bataille-the-solar-anus"><span>https://theanarchistlibrary.org/library/georges-bataille-the-solar-anus</span></a></p> <p><br><br></p>
Feb 12, 2019
13 - Stimulants
32:46
<p><span>Are you one of those people who doesn’t feel awake until you have caffeine coursing through your bloodstream? Well, you can choose to ingest some chemical stimulants, but they’re also something your body makes! Just think about the adrenaline rush before a public speech. This week, we’re going to dig into what science </span><em><span>actually</span></em><span> says about caffeine and dehydration. Why did some people try to ban coffee, and how dangerous was the pick-me-up given to some Antarctic explorers? And why the heck did researchers think gerbils could help with airport security?</span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="http://mentalfloss.com/article/12662/5-historical-attempts-ban-coffee"><span>http://mentalfloss.com/article/12662/5-historical-attempts-ban-coffee</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://mentalfloss.com/article/563778/time-coffee-was-banned-prussia"><span>http://mentalfloss.com/article/563778/time-coffee-was-banned-prussia</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.thelocal.se/20180702/why-coffee-was-banned-in-sweden-five-times"><span>https://www.thelocal.se/20180702/why-coffee-was-banned-in-sweden-five-times</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www2.linnaeus.uu.se/online/pharm/kaffete.html"><span>http://www2.linnaeus.uu.se/online/pharm/kaffete.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=YdpL2YCGLVYC&amp;pg=PA93"><span>https://books.google.com/books?id=YdpL2YCGLVYC&amp;pg=PA93</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.catholicgentleman.net/2014/04/blessed-beans-how-the-pope-baptized-coffee/"><span>https://www.catholicgentleman.net/2014/04/blessed-beans-how-the-pope-baptized-coffee/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Gerbils:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2001/jun/30/highereducation.biologicalscience"><span>https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2001/jun/30/highereducation.biologicalscience</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk/1415469.stm"><span>http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk/1415469.stm</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=pyv7UIBojboC&amp;pg=PA183&amp;lpg=PA183&amp;dq=Royal+Canadian+Mounted+Police+gerbil+adrenaline+sweat&amp;source=bl&amp;ots=cm7NFQHSFU&amp;sig=ACfU3U31su1gt-oIajVGekv-R942WmzQZQ&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=2ahUKEwjQt-De14fgAhWHo4MKHW4GC6oQ6AEwB3oECAUQAQ#v=onepage&amp;q=Royal%20Canadian%20Mounted%20Police%20gerbil%20adrenaline%20sweat&amp;f=false"><span>https://books.google.com/books?id=pyv7UIBojboC&amp;pg=PA183&amp;lpg=PA183</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Forced March:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2810%2962153-8/fulltext"><span>https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2810%2962153-8/fulltext</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://granta.com/shackletons-medical-kit/"><span>https://granta.com/shackletons-medical-kit/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2012/09/27/161881513/cocaine-for-snowblindness-what-polar-explorers-packed-for-first-aid"><span>https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2012/09/27/161881513/cocaine-for-snowblindness-what-polar-explorers-packed-for-first-aid</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1279970/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1279970/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Dehydration:</span></p> <p><a href="http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/33/2/167"><span>http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/33/2/167</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12187618"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12187618</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/640f/49f096f9a01e2c3ef103945a39830a12cd5c.pdf"><span>https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/640f/49f096f9a01e2c3ef103945a39830a12cd5c.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/04/health/nutrition/04real.html?_r=2"><span>https://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/04/health/nutrition/04real.html?_r=2</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Civet poop coffee:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.businessinsider.com/kopi-luwak-cat-poop-worlds-most-expensive-coffee-taste-test-2018-11"><span>https://www.businessinsider.com/kopi-luwak-cat-poop-worlds-most-expensive-coffee-taste-test-2018-11</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.britannica.com/topic/Kopi-Luwak"><span>https://www.britannica.com/topic/Kopi-Luwak</span></a></p> <p> </p>
Feb 05, 2019
12 - Flight
33:15
<p><span>At some point, we’ve all probably looked up at birds and wished we could fly. And some curious people took that wish and did science! From the biology of flying animals to machines that help humans take to the skies, this week, we’re exploring the science of flight. Why do we travel by plane instead of floating on airships? How long can some birds fly before landing? And what else do they get up to in midair… eating? ...sex? ...sleeping? </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://newspaperarchive.com/englewood-sun-sep-14-2001-p-9/"><span>https://newspaperarchive.com/englewood-sun-sep-14-2001-p-9/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.businessinsider.com/only-one-place-was-allowed-to-take-off-after-flights-were-grounded-on-sept-11-2011-2011-9"><span>https://www.businessinsider.com/only-one-place-was-allowed-to-take-off-after-flights-were-grounded-on-sept-11-2011-2011-9</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://press.discovery.com/asia-pacific/apl/programs/im-alive/"><span>https://press.discovery.com/asia-pacific/apl/programs/im-alive/</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.umich.edu/~elements/fogler&amp;gurmen/html/web_mod/cobra/avenom.htm"><span>http://www.umich.edu/~elements/fogler&amp;gurmen/html/web_mod/cobra/avenom.htm</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Swifts:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(16)31063-6"><span>https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(16)31063-6</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/10/27/499635084/this-bird-can-remain-airborne-for-10-months-straight"><span>https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/10/27/499635084/this-bird-can-remain-airborne-for-10-months-straight</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Frigate birds:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms12468"><span>https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms12468</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.audubon.org/news/scientists-finally-have-evidence-frigatebirds-sleep-while-flying"><span>https://www.audubon.org/news/scientists-finally-have-evidence-frigatebirds-sleep-while-flying</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://phys.org/news/2016-08-birds-engage-flight-remarkably-small.html"><span>https://phys.org/news/2016-08-birds-engage-flight-remarkably-small.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Blimps &amp; zeppelins: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.airships.net/dirigible/"><span>https://www.airships.net/dirigible/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.lockheedmartin.com/en-us/products/hybrid-airship.html"><span>https://www.lockheedmartin.com/en-us/products/hybrid-airship.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.thevintagenews.com/2018/01/19/the-uss-akron-disaster/"><span>https://www.thevintagenews.com/2018/01/19/the-uss-akron-disaster/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://news.vice.com/en_us/article/pa4q3g/theres-a-push-to-bring-back-the-zeppelin-in-canadas-remote-north"><span>https://news.vice.com/en_us/article/pa4q3g/theres-a-push-to-bring-back-the-zeppelin-in-canadas-remote-north</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Supermarine Stranraer:</span></p> <p><a href="http://www.airpowerworld.info/other-military-aircraft/supermarine-stranraer.htm"><span>http://www.airpowerworld.info/other-military-aircraft/supermarine-stranraer.htm</span></a></p>
Jan 29, 2019
11 - Mucus
33:27
<p><span>Mucus grosses people out. Whether it’s coming out of your nose or slime oozing from an animal, it’s not really a pleasant substance. But scientifically, mucus is </span><em><span>super</span></em><span> cool—it can be used for protection, hunting, lubrication, or plain old stickiness. Why do some cephalopods spew out specialized mucus? Does slathering snail slime on your face actually do anything to your skin? And could eating boogers be… good?</span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="http://science.sciencemag.org/content/328/5979/704"><span>http://science.sciencemag.org/content/328/5979/704</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.mbari.org/mbari-researchers-discover-what-vampire-squids-eat-its-not-what-you-think/"><span>https://www.mbari.org/mbari-researchers-discover-what-vampire-squids-eat-its-not-what-you-think/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/b94c/447075249a39cac514cbb3c6bf24c4e8306c.pdf"><span>https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/b94c/447075249a39cac514cbb3c6bf24c4e8306c.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4052311/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4052311/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Snail mucus:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.mcgill.ca/oss/article/cosmetics/how-about-some-snail-cream"><span>https://www.mcgill.ca/oss/article/cosmetics/how-about-some-snail-cream</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/shortcuts/2017/feb/06/snail-slime-beauty-products-worth-shelling-out"><span>https://www.theguardian.com/fashion/shortcuts/2017/feb/06/snail-slime-beauty-products-worth-shelling-out</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamadermatology/article-abstract/2642949"><span>https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamadermatology/article-abstract/2642949</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/viewFile/30041/15937"><span>https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/viewFile/30041/15937</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Parasitic worms:</span></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/discoblog/2010/12/02/a-new-treatment-for-bowel-problems-eating-1000-parasitic-worm-eggs/#.W-ICt3pKgW8"><span>http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/discoblog/2010/12/02/a-new-treatment-for-bowel-problems-eating-1000-parasitic-worm-eggs/#.W-ICt3pKgW8</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ecco-ibd.eu/index.php/publications/congress-abstract-s/abstracts-2015/item/p389-a-double-blind-clinical-trial-on-trichuris-suis.html"><span>https://www.ecco-ibd.eu/index.php/publications/congress-abstract-s/abstracts-2015/item/p389-a-double-blind-clinical-trial-on-trichuris-suis.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Eating your boogers:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11465519"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11465519</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://aem.asm.org/content/81/1/332.long"><span>https://aem.asm.org/content/81/1/332.long</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/727897"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/727897</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-3-99"><span>https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-3-99</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Fish in butt: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2016/05/10/how-this-fish-survives-in-a-sea-cucumbers-bum/"><span>https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2016/05/10/how-this-fish-survives-in-a-sea-cucumbers-bum/</span></a><span>  </span></p> <p><br><br><br></p>
Jan 22, 2019
10 - Dragons
33:13
<p><span>Some small, magical corner of your heart wants dragons to be real, right? Well... sorry. They’re not. But this week, we wanted to celebrate some science adjacent to dragons, from fruit and animals named after them to giant flying predators that probably terrified humans. So were there ever flying creatures that spread fire? Are sea dragons as majestic as they sound? And what’s up with this beetle that creates explosions in its butt?</span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://www.livescience.com/49861-new-sea-dragon-species.html"><span>https://www.livescience.com/49861-new-sea-dragon-species.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150320-meet-two-new-dragon-millipede-species-first-described-in-laos"><span>http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150320-meet-two-new-dragon-millipede-species-first-described-in-laos</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://jrscience.wcp.muohio.edu/fieldcourses04/PapersCostaRicaArticles/TheFunctionalityandEvolut.html"><span>http://jrscience.wcp.muohio.edu/fieldcourses04/PapersCostaRicaArticles/TheFunctionalityandEvolut.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Firehawks:</span></p> <p><a href="https://bioone.org/journals/Journal-of-Ethnobiology/volume-37/issue-4/0278-0771-37.4.700/Intentional-Fire-Spreading-by-Firehawk-Raptors-in-Northern-Australia/10.2993/0278-0771-37.4.700.short"><span>https://bioone.org/journals/Journal-of-Ethnobiology/volume-37/issue-4/0278-0771-37.4.700/Intentional-Fire-Spreading-by-Firehawk-Raptors-in-Northern-Australia/10.2993/0278-0771-37.4.700.short</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2018/01/wildfires-birds-animals-australia/"><span>https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2018/01/wildfires-birds-animals-australia/</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://wildlife.org/australian-firehawks-use-fire-to-catch-prey/"><span>http://wildlife.org/australian-firehawks-use-fire-to-catch-prey/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Haast’s eagles:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/legendary-human-eating-bird-was-real-probably-could-have-eaten-people-89257268/"><span>https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/legendary-human-eating-bird-was-real-probably-could-have-eaten-people-89257268/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.popsci.com/science/article/2012-12/these-massive-extinct-eagles-could-have-carried-toddlers-dad"><span>https://www.popsci.com/science/article/2012-12/these-massive-extinct-eagles-could-have-carried-toddlers-dad</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.academia.edu/606102/Rapid_somatic_expansion_causes_the_brain_to_lag_behind_the_case_of_the_brain_and_behavior_of_New_Zealands_Haasts_Eagle_Harpagornis_moorei_"><span>http://www.academia.edu/606102/Rapid_somatic_expansion_causes_the_brain_to_lag_behind_the_case_of_the_brain_and_behavior_of_New_Zealands_Haasts_Eagle_Harpagornis_moorei_</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://pgl.soe.ucsc.edu/eagle_bunce05.pdf"><span>https://pgl.soe.ucsc.edu/eagle_bunce05.pdf</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Creating fire:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.jstor.org/stable/1726053?mag=bombardier-beetles-are-terrifying-nightmare-insects&amp;seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents"><span>https://www.jstor.org/stable/1726053?mag=bombardier-beetles-are-terrifying-nightmare-insects&amp;seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2015/04/30/how-this-beetle-creates-500-explosions-per-second-in-its-bum/"><span>https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2015/04/30/how-this-beetle-creates-500-explosions-per-second-in-its-bum/</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://news.mit.edu/2015/how-bombardier-beetles-produce-defensive-spray-0430"><span>http://news.mit.edu/2015/how-bombardier-beetles-produce-defensive-spray-0430</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Dragonfly nymph:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.wired.com/2013/12/the-secret-underwater-world-of-dragons/"><span>https://www.wired.com/2013/12/the-secret-underwater-world-of-dragons/</span></a><span>  </span></p> <p> </p>
Jan 15, 2019
9 - Ice and Snow
33:36
<p><span>From sugary snow cones to WWII plans for an aircraft carrier made of ice and wood pulp, humans have had big dreams for frozen water. So this week, we’re exploring the science of snow and ice across the globe. Turns out, there are ancient refrigerators in the dry Iranian desert and abandoned military bases under the Greenland ice sheet. And even though Japanese snow monkeys seem all cozy and chill in their hot springs, what mischief do they get up to in their free time? </span></p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p><a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10329-015-0492-0"><span>https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10329-015-0492-0</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.researchgate.net/blog/post/japans-monkeys-wash-their-potatoes-and-ride-deer-like-horses"><span>https://www.researchgate.net/blog/post/japans-monkeys-wash-their-potatoes-and-ride-deer-like-horses</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/chilling-out-hot-springs-may-help-japans-snow-monkeys-reduce-stress-180968686/"><span>https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/chilling-out-hot-springs-may-help-japans-snow-monkeys-reduce-stress-180968686/</span></a></p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p><span>Camp Century:</span></p> <p><a href="http://www.iceandclimate.nbi.ku.dk/research/drill_analysing/history_drilling/drill_bedrock/"><span>http://www.iceandclimate.nbi.ku.dk/research/drill_analysing/history_drilling/drill_bedrock/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/08/mysterious-ice-buried-cold-war-military-base-may-be-unearthed-climate-change"><span>https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/08/mysterious-ice-buried-cold-war-military-base-may-be-unearthed-climate-change</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.iceandclimate.nbi.ku.dk/about_centre/history/"><span>http://www.iceandclimate.nbi.ku.dk/about_centre/history/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Paleoclimatology_OxygenBalance"><span>https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/Paleoclimatology_OxygenBalance</span></a></p> <p><span>Iceboxes:</span></p> <p><a href="http://eartharchitecture.org/?p=570"><span>http://eartharchitecture.org/?p=570</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ach/article/view/13822"><span>http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ach/article/view/13822</span></a></p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p><span>Building out of ice:</span></p> <p><a href="http://www.ccmr.cornell.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2015/11/Ice-Alloys.pdf"><span>http://www.ccmr.cornell.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2015/11/Ice-Alloys.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-glaciology/article/description-of-the-iceberg-aircraft-carrier-and-the-bearing-of-the-mechanical-properties-of-frozen-wood-pulp-upon-some-problems-of-glacier-flow/BE12BCCE68FE5D9C307299A2F1F2DFC6"><span>https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-glaciology/article/description-of-the-iceberg-aircraft-carrier-and-the-bearing-of-the-mechanical-properties-of-frozen-wood-pulp-upon-some-problems-of-glacier-flow/BE12BCCE68FE5D9C307299A2F1F2DFC6</span></a></p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p><span>Turtle breathing:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.livescience.com/61018-turtles-breathe-through-butt.html"><span>https://www.livescience.com/61018-turtles-breathe-through-butt.html</span></a></p>
Jan 08, 2019
8 - Exercise
31:54
<p><span>A new year means New Year’s resolutions and a new episode of Tangents! Lots of people are probably getting their fitness on, whether it’s by joining a gym or putting on yoga YouTube videos. So this week, we’re stretching our muscles to explore the science of exercise. If you just wiggle your arm a bunch, does that technically count as exercise? Are beefy babies real or just photoshopped? And what happens if you leave a hamster wheel in the middle of a forest? </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Myostatin-related muscle hypertrophy:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1498/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1498/</span></a></p> <p><span>Increased blood volume:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17630597/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17630597/</span></a></p> <p><span>New brain cells:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-11/nwsu-eib111217.php"><span>https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-11/nwsu-eib111217.php</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Thinking about muscles: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.physiology.org/doi/full/10.1152/jn.00386.2014"><span>https://www.physiology.org/doi/full/10.1152/jn.00386.2014</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-to-grow-stronger-without-lifting-weights/"><span>https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-to-grow-stronger-without-lifting-weights/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Animals on wheels: </span></p> <p><a href="http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/281/1786/20140210.full"><span>http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/281/1786/20140210.full</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4760155/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4760155/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2018/09/14/409409.full.pdf"><span>https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2018/09/14/409409.full.pdf</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Flexibility:</span></p> <p><a href="http://web.mit.edu/tkd/stretch/stretching_2.html"><span>http://web.mit.edu/tkd/stretch/stretching_2.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://web.mit.edu/tkd/stretch/stretching_3.html"><span>http://web.mit.edu/tkd/stretch/stretching_3.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3273886/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3273886/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Space underwear: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-space-underwear-idUSTRE52M6ER20090323"><span>https://www.reuters.com/article/us-space-underwear-idUSTRE52M6ER20090323</span></a></p>
Jan 01, 2019
7 - Parasites with Sally Lepage
34:02
<p><span>Imagine that you’re a completely normal fish… except for the fact that a louse lives in your mouth because it sucked your blood and killed your tongue. Sounds like the worst possible roommate, right? But nature is full of parasitic relationships, where one organism thrives by hurting another. This week, we’re joined by evolutionary biologist and science communicator Dr. Sally LePage to talk all about parasites! How did we deal with them before modern medicine? Are there any parasites bigger than their hosts? And is parasite-ception a thing!?</span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1126547/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1126547/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://eic.rsc.org/feature/jesuits-powder-and-quinine/2020179.article"><span>https://eic.rsc.org/feature/jesuits-powder-and-quinine/2020179.article</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Fruit fly fungus:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/07/is-this-fungus-using-a-virus-to-mind-control-an-animal/565982/"><span>https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/07/is-this-fungus-using-a-virus-to-mind-control-an-animal/565982/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1002210"><span>https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1002210</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://phys.org/news/2017-12-fungus-fruit-flies-hosting-spores.html"><span>https://phys.org/news/2017-12-fungus-fruit-flies-hosting-spores.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/12/10/232140"><span>https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/12/10/232140</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Frog flatworm:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2013/02/13/a-flurry-of-frog-legs/"><span>https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/phenomena/2013/02/13/a-flurry-of-frog-legs/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4330773/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4330773/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00436-011-2451-z"><span>https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00436-011-2451-z</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/1996/10/13/us/many-reports-of-deformities-among-frogs-are-puzzling.html"><span>https://www.nytimes.com/1996/10/13/us/many-reports-of-deformities-among-frogs-are-puzzling.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4636111/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4636111/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Cuckoos: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.audubon.org/news/the-brilliant-ways-parasitic-birds-terrorize-their-victims"><span>https://www.audubon.org/news/the-brilliant-ways-parasitic-birds-terrorize-their-victims</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://web.stanford.edu/group/stanfordbirds/text/essays/Brood_Parasitism.html"><span>https://web.stanford.edu/group/stanfordbirds/text/essays/Brood_Parasitism.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Tick anus:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/717730_2"><span>https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/717730_2</span></a></p>
Dec 25, 2018
6 - Advertising
31:54
<p><span>From website banners to scratch-and-sniff magazine spreads, you’ve probably been the target of thousands of ads. Like, you’re even going to hear one during this podcast—we gotta eat! At this point, you might feel like you’re immune to advertising, because there’s no way a ridiculous infomercial could make you want a reusable juice box. But the psychology behind advertising has always been powerful. So this week, we’re diving into the science of when ads work, when they don’t, and when they’ve led to some pretty serious problems like the opioid epidemic. </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Luxury products: </span></p> <p><a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0956797613502732"><span>https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0956797613502732</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Sight &amp; sound: </span></p> <p><a href="https://academic.oup.com/jcr/article-abstract/44/4/877/3829544?redirectedFrom=fulltext"><span>https://academic.oup.com/jcr/article-abstract/44/4/877/3829544?redirectedFrom=fulltext</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Clever ads: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-03/uom-ita031116.php"><span>https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-03/uom-ita031116.php</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Brands + health organizations: </span></p> <p><a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/joca.12091"><span>https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/joca.12091</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/eat-right-meltdown-for-kraft-singles-1427152818"><span>https://www.wsj.com/articles/eat-right-meltdown-for-kraft-singles-1427152818</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/03/12/a-cheese-product-wins-kids-nutrition-seal/"><span>https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/03/12/a-cheese-product-wins-kids-nutrition-seal/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Opioid epidemic:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-advertising-shaped-first-opioid-epidemic-180968444/"><span>https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-advertising-shaped-first-opioid-epidemic-180968444/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1508818"><span>https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1508818</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5125194/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5125194/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Advertising effectiveness: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-05/uoia-scs051817.php"><span>https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-05/uoia-scs051817.php</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.nber.org/papers/w20171.pdf"><span>http://www.nber.org/papers/w20171.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/06/a-dangerous-question-does-internet-advertising-work-at-all/372704/"><span>https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2014/06/a-dangerous-question-does-internet-advertising-work-at-all/372704/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2011/08/why-good-advertising-works-even-when-you-think-it-doesnt/244252/"><span>https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2011/08/why-good-advertising-works-even-when-you-think-it-doesnt/244252/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Rectal dilators:</span></p> <p><a href="https://thequackdoctor.com/index.php/dr-youngs-rectal-dilators/"><span>https://thequackdoctor.com/index.php/dr-youngs-rectal-dilators/</span></a><span>  </span></p> <p> </p>
Dec 18, 2018
5 - Eggs
28:22
<p><span>Eggs have tons of different sizes, textures, and protective shells, from giant ostrich eggs to squishy fish egg clusters. But, scientifically, they all boil down to the same thing: an egg is just a reproductive cell that can be fertilized by a sperm to make an embryo. This week, we’re cracking the science of eggs wide open! What are some of the weirdest eggs? How far will animal parents go to make sure their eggs are safe? And why the heck did researchers think it was a good idea to mix hamster eggs and human sperm? </span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Brown trouts:</span></p> <p><a href="http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150214-fake-orgasms-and-other-sex-lies"><span>http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150214-fake-orgasms-and-other-sex-lies</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347200915859?via%3Dihub"><span>https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0003347200915859?via%3Dihub</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Octopuses:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.mbari.org/deep-sea-octopus-broods-eggs-for-over-four-years-longer-than-any-known-animal/"><span>https://www.mbari.org/deep-sea-octopus-broods-eggs-for-over-four-years-longer-than-any-known-animal/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0103437"><span>https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0103437</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Trilobites:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170124124905.htm"><span>https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170124124905.htm</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/geology/article-abstract/45/3/199/195237/pyritized-in-situ-trilobite-eggs-from-the?redirectedFrom=fulltext"><span>https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/geology/article-abstract/45/3/199/195237/pyritized-in-situ-trilobite-eggs-from-the?redirectedFrom=fulltext</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Stick insect eggs:</span></p> <p><a href="https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-05/ku-tsi052318.php"><span>https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-05/ku-tsi052318.php</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/10/stick-insects-lure-ants-fatty-knobs"><span>https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/10/stick-insects-lure-ants-fatty-knobs</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/05/science/stick-insects-eggs-birds.html"><span>https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/05/science/stick-insects-eggs-birds.html</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Humsters: </span></p> <p><a href="http://www.stillhq.com/pdfdb/000360/data.pdf"><span>http://www.stillhq.com/pdfdb/000360/data.pdf</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/mrd.1120230307"><span>https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/mrd.1120230307</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4471-3310-0_5"><span>https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4471-3310-0_5</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1725451"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1725451</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Egg shape: </span></p> <p><a href="https://galapagosconservation.org.uk/whale-shark-reproduction/"><span>https://galapagosconservation.org.uk/whale-shark-reproduction/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://scripps.ucsd.edu/centers/cmbc/2018/05/15/hydrothermal-vents-incubators-for-deep-sea-skate-egg-cases/"><span>https://scripps.ucsd.edu/centers/cmbc/2018/05/15/hydrothermal-vents-incubators-for-deep-sea-skate-egg-cases/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://books.google.com/books?id=zg1mDwAAQBAJ&amp;pg=PT158&amp;lpg=PT158"><span>https://books.google.com/books?id=zg1mDwAAQBAJ&amp;pg=PT158&amp;lpg=PT158</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://science.sciencemag.org/content/356/6344/1249"><span>http://science.sciencemag.org/content/356/6344/1249</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20160304-one-animal-has-more-babies-than-any-other"><span>http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20160304-one-animal-has-more-babies-than-any-other</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Snake sperm storage:</span></p> <p><a href="https://phys.org/news/2011-10-insight-term-sperm-storage-animals.html"><span>https://phys.org/news/2011-10-insight-term-sperm-storage-animals.html</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-08-06/secrets-of-sperm-storing-female-snakes-revealed/5652004"><span>https://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-08-06/secrets-of-sperm-storing-female-snakes-revealed/5652004</span></a></p>
Dec 11, 2018
4 - Taste
33:16
<p><span>Have you ever wanted to lick the Moon and find out what that grey dust tastes like? If so, you’re in luck. This week, we’re sampling the science of taste, from the Apollo 16 mission reports to how the flavor compounds in amniotic fluid may affect babies’ food preferences. Apparently, it can get garlicky in there. But can non-human animals develop a sense of taste? And is “pine mouth” a real thing, or is it just what happens when Hank eats mysterious seeds he finds in the forest?</span></p> <p> </p> <p><span>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</span></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><a href="https://www.wired.com/2014/07/orange-juice-toothpaste/"><span>https://www.wired.com/2014/07/orange-juice-toothpaste/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3354153/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3354153/</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4684458/"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4684458/</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://wayback.archive-it.org/7993/20171114232622/https://www.fda.gov/Food/RecallsOutbreaksEmergencies/SafetyAlertsAdvisories/ucm247099.htm"><span>http://wayback.archive-it.org/7993/20171114232622/https://www.fda.gov/Food/RecallsOutbreaksEmergencies/SafetyAlertsAdvisories/ucm247099.htm</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Moon dust: </span></p> <p><a href="https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2006/30jan_smellofmoondust"><span>https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2006/30jan_smellofmoondust</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Bees and pesticides: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/08/180828204911.htm"><span>https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/08/180828204911.htm</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/285/1885/20180655"><span>http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/285/1885/20180655</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/187907/the-more-pesticides-bees-more-they/"><span>https://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/187907/the-more-pesticides-bees-more-they/</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Developing taste: </span></p> <p><a href="https://www.npr.org/2011/08/08/139033757/babys-palate-and-food-memories-shaped-before-birth"><span>https://www.npr.org/2011/08/08/139033757/babys-palate-and-food-memories-shaped-before-birth</span></a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7583013"><span>https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7583013</span></a></p> <p><a href="http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/107/6/e88.full"><span>http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/107/6/e88.full</span></a></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p> </p> <p><span>Sea cucumber eating:</span></p> <p><a href="https://blog.nationalgeographic.org/2013/03/14/giant-sea-cucumber-eats-with-its-anus/"><span>https://blog.nationalgeographic.org/2013/03/14/giant-sea-cucumber-eats-with-its-anus/</span></a></p> <p> </p>
Dec 04, 2018
3 - Satellites
34:07
<p>What do the Hubble Space Telescope, the International Space Station, and the Moon have in common? They’re all satellites that orbit the Earth! This week, we’re going extraterrestrial to talk about the dreams, discoveries, and debacles that went into Mir and other weirdly cool human-made satellites. Plus, we dig into burning questions, like whether the Sun can be considered a satellite. And we’re big enough space nerds that we try to explain some celestial mechanics.</p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><a href="https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/9a3y8d/the-man-who-turned-night-into-day">https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/9a3y8d/the-man-who-turned-night-into-day</a></p> <p><a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/world/monitoring/media_reports/1209034.stm">http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/world/monitoring/media_reports/1209034.stm</a></p> <p><a href="https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/bmvn44/the-mir-space-station-was-a-marvel-a-clusterfuck-and-an-underdog-hero">https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/bmvn44/the-mir-space-station-was-a-marvel-a-clusterfuck-and-an-underdog-hero</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Film satellites:</p> <p><a href="https://www.cia.gov/news-information/featured-story-archive/2015-featured-story-archive/corona-declassified.html">https://www.cia.gov/news-information/featured-story-archive/2015-featured-story-archive/corona-declassified.html</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.space.com/12996-secret-spy-satellites-declassified-nro.html">https://www.space.com/12996-secret-spy-satellites-declassified-nro.html</a></p> <p><a href="https://gizmodo.com/5994202/how-the-us-built-its-super-secret-spy-satellite-program">https://gizmodo.com/5994202/how-the-us-built-its-super-secret-spy-satellite-program</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Earwig wing tech:</p> <p><a href="https://www.ethz.ch/en/news-and-events/eth-news/news/2018/03/earwigs-and-the-art-of-origami.html">https://www.ethz.ch/en/news-and-events/eth-news/news/2018/03/earwigs-and-the-art-of-origami.html</a></p> <p><a href="http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6382/1386">http://science.sciencemag.org/content/359/6382/1386</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Picking satellite orbits:</p> <p><a href="https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/OrbitsCatalog/page2.php">https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/OrbitsCatalog/page2.php</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/spaceobjectregister/index.html">http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/spaceobjectregister/index.html</a>  </p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Moon poop:</p> <p><a href="https://boingboing.net/2009/06/16/poop-on-the-moon-and.html">https://boingboing.net/2009/06/16/poop-on-the-moon-and.html</a></p> <p><a href="https://gizmodo.com/theres-poop-on-the-moon-1679070982">https://gizmodo.com/theres-poop-on-the-moon-1679070982</a></p> <p> </p>
Nov 27, 2018
2 - Flightless Birds
31:03
<p>With American Thanksgiving around the corner, turkey is on everyone’s mind! So this week, we’re taking a closer look at flightless birds of all shapes and sizes, from families of penguins to very endangered nocturnal parrots that are just trying their best. What prevents some birds from using their wings to fly? Did Australians really start a war against emus? Plus, we’ll answer your burning questions about the sex lives of many, many different kinds of birds! Wow!</p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Inaccessible Island rail:</p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790318301763?via%3Dihub">https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790318301763?via%3Dihub</a></p> <p><a href="https://gizmodo.com/how-a-tiny-flightless-bird-ended-up-on-an-island-in-the-1830188012">https://gizmodo.com/how-a-tiny-flightless-bird-ended-up-on-an-island-in-the-1830188012</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Ostrich egg globes:</p> <p><a href="https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/08/130821-ostrich-globe-map-discovery-science-nation/">https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/08/130821-ostrich-globe-map-discovery-science-nation/</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Emu War:</p> <p><a href="https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/running-ponies/the-great-emu-war-in-which-some-large-flightless-birds-unwittingly-foiled-the-australian-army/">https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/running-ponies/the-great-emu-war-in-which-some-large-flightless-birds-unwittingly-foiled-the-australian-army/</a>  </p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Crested penguins:</p> <p><a href="https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-02/s-ppi021016.php">https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-02/s-ppi021016.php</a></p> <p><a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00265-016-2060-z">https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00265-016-2060-z</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-06/uod-ppc062816.php">https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-06/uod-ppc062816.php</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/srep28785">https://www.nature.com/articles/srep28785</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Ratite reproduction:</p> <p><a href="https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2011.00858.x">https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2011.00858.x</a></p> <p><a href="http://mentalfloss.com/article/80394/10-facts-about-cassowaries">http://mentalfloss.com/article/80394/10-facts-about-cassowaries</a></p> <p><a href="http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/discoblog/2011/12/08/finally-the-ostrich-penis-provides-the-answer-to-a-long-standing-question/#.W6FsOZNKhxw">http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/discoblog/2011/12/08/finally-the-ostrich-penis-provides-the-answer-to-a-long-standing-question/#.W6FsOZNKhxw</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.merckvetmanual.com/exotic-and-laboratory-animals/ratites/reproduction-of-ratites">https://www.merckvetmanual.com/exotic-and-laboratory-animals/ratites/reproduction-of-ratites</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Kākāpō:</p> <p><a href="https://blog.nationalgeographic.org/2018/03/22/happy-hatchday-21-years-of-conservation-success-for-the-kakapo/">https://blog.nationalgeographic.org/2018/03/22/happy-hatchday-21-years-of-conservation-success-for-the-kakapo/</a></p> <p><a href="https://phys.org/news/2015-11-rimu-berry-game-changer-kakapo.html">https://phys.org/news/2015-11-rimu-berry-game-changer-kakapo.html</a></p> <p><a href="https://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/news/060401_kakapo">https://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/news/060401_kakapo</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Ostrich urine &amp; feces:</p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1095643303000060">https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1095643303000060</a></p> <p> </p>
Nov 20, 2018
1 - Science Hoaxes
<p>Even though scientific fraud seems like something that we would’ve stopped falling for, it’s still a problem today. This week, we’re delving into the complicated world of scientific hoaxes. Some are just goofs that went a little too far, but others have had serious negative impacts on public health. So why do people perpetrate hoaxes? Why do people, even credible scientists, sometimes fall for them? And what the heck is “Jeep Butt”?</p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>If you want to learn more about any of our main topics, check out these links:</p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><strong>[Truth or Fail]</strong></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Cello Scrotum:</p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1610985/">https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1610985/</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.bmj.com/content/338/bmj.b379">https://www.bmj.com/content/338/bmj.b379</a></p> <p><a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7853564.stm">http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/7853564.stm</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Surfer’s Ear:</p> <p><a href="http://ent.uci.edu/more-at-uc-irvine/conditions/surfers-ears.asp">http://ent.uci.edu/more-at-uc-irvine/conditions/surfers-ears.asp</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Jeep Butt:</p> <p><a href="https://publichealth.gwu.edu/departments/healthpolicy/CHPR/downloads/mil_prep042605.pdf">https://publichealth.gwu.edu/departments/healthpolicy/CHPR/downloads/mil_prep042605.pdf</a></p> <p><a href="http://www.academia.edu/19875506/Pilonidal_sinus_Jeeps_disease_An_improved_model_of_care">http://www.academia.edu/19875506/Pilonidal_sinus_Jeeps_disease_An_improved_model_of_care</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><strong>[Fact Off]</strong></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Mary Toft:</p> <p><a href="http://special.lib.gla.ac.uk/exhibns/month/aug2009.html">http://special.lib.gla.ac.uk/exhibns/month/aug2009.html</a></p> <p><a href="https://academic.oup.com/past/article/238/1/43/4822513">https://academic.oup.com/past/article/238/1/43/4822513</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Parapsychology:</p> <p><a href="http://www.tricksterbook.com/truzzi/ZS-Issues-PDFs/ZeteticScholarNos12-13.pdf">http://www.tricksterbook.com/truzzi/ZS-Issues-PDFs/ZeteticScholarNos12-13.pdf</a></p> <p><a href="http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.617.9791&amp;rep=rep1&amp;type=pdf">http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.617.9791&amp;rep=rep1&amp;type=pdf</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.csicop.org/uploads/files/martin-gardner-pdfs/landmark-pk-hoax.pdf">https://www.csicop.org/uploads/files/martin-gardner-pdfs/landmark-pk-hoax.pdf</a></p> <p><a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20060503224225/http://www.banachek.org/nonflash/project_alpha.htm">https://web.archive.org/web/20060503224225/http://www.banachek.org/nonflash/project_alpha.htm</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z1S5CRcqJQo">https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z1S5CRcqJQo</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><strong>[Ask the Science Couch]</strong></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Andrew Wakefield:</p> <p><a href="https://www.bmj.com/content/342/bmj.c5347">https://www.bmj.com/content/342/bmj.c5347</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3136032/">https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3136032/</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2323045/">https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2323045/</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/mmr/public/index.html">https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/mmr/public/index.html</a></p> <p><a href="https://www.theguardian.com/society/2010/jan/28/andrew-wakefield-mmr-vaccine">https://www.theguardian.com/society/2010/jan/28/andrew-wakefield-mmr-vaccine</a></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p><strong>[Butt One More Thing]</strong></p> <p><span><span> </span></span></p> <p>Fake coprolite:</p> <p><a href="https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/07/140729-dinosaur-coprolite-paleontology-dung-fossil-auction/">https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/07/140729-dinosaur-coprolite-paleontology-dung-fossil-auction/</a></p> <p> </p>
Nov 13, 2018
Introducing: SciShow Tangents
3:20
<p><span>Introducing the lightly competitive knowledge showcase from the geniuses behind the YouTube series <a href="https://www.youtube.com/scishow" target="_blank">SciShow</a>. Every Tuesday, join <a href="https://twitter.com/hankgreen?ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Eauthor" target="_blank">Hank Green</a>, Ceri Riley, Stefan Chin, and Sam Schultz as they try to one-up and amaze each other with weird and funny scientific research... while not getting distracted. There will be tangents about video games, music, weird smells, surprisingly deep insights about life, and of course, poop, but it always comes back to the science.</span></p>
Nov 02, 2018