Interpreting India

By Carnegie India

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Description

On Interpreting India, every week, we bring in voices from India and around the globe to unpack how technology, the economy, and foreign policy impact India’s relationship with the world. Interpreting India is a Carnegie India production hosted by Srinath Raghavan.

Episode Date
Understanding India's Migrant Crisis with Chinmay Tumbe
00:37:30

Chinmay Tumbe joins Srinath Raghavan as they discuss  India’s migrant crisis.  They assess its implications on India's domestic and urban labor markets, and what the crisis holds for India's long-standing traditions of internal migration.  

References: 

Migration persistence across twentieth century India by Chinmay Tumbe 

Missing men, migration and labour markets: evidence from India  by Chinmay Tumbe 

 India Moving: A History of Migration by Chinmay Tumbe,  

Sep 10, 2020
Unpacking India's Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code with Bhargavi Zaveri
00:39:59

In this episode, Srinath Raghavan speaks to Bhargavi Zaveri as they unpack India's Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC). They examine how India's existing regulatory framework might fare for bankruptcies in the context of the coronavirus pandemic. 

References:

Covid-19: Making A Bankruptcy Law Work In A Pandemic by Bhargavi Zaveri and Harsh Vardhan BloombergQuint, 24th April 2020.

Covid-19 Impact: A Relief Strategy For Distressed Businesses Seeking IBC Restructuring, by Bhargavi Zaveri and Harsh Vardhan BloombergQuint, 2nd May 2020.

IBC: Unknot The Bankruptcy Law, Don’t Suspend It, by Bhargavi Zaveri and Harsh Vardhan BloombergQuint, 14th May 2020. 

Loan Moratorium: Supreme Court Asks Government To Consider Waiving ‘Interest On Interest’ by Arpan Chaturvedi 
 

 

 

Aug 27, 2020
Decoding India's Defense Sector with Anit Mukherjee
00:45:39

Srinath Raghavan is joined by Anit Mukherjee as they discuss India's defense sector. In their conversation, they explore some of the underlying problems plaguing India's defence institutions and the extent to which the government’s recent reforms address these issues.

References:

Facing Future Challenges: Defence Reform in India by Anit Mukherjee

Fighting Separately: Jointness and Civil-Military Relations in India  by Anit Mukherjee

The Absent Dialogue by Anit Mukherjee

Aug 13, 2020
Understanding Indo-Nepal Relations with Constantino Xavier
00:38:03

Srinath Raghavan is joined by Constantino Xavier as they discuss the relationship between India and Nepal. In doing so, they contextualize the recent border tensions that erupted at the Indo-Nepalese border in May 2020.   

 

Interpreting the India-Nepal Border Dispute by Constantino Xavier

How Nepal and India can Keep Their Relationship Special by Constantino Xavier

Jul 29, 2020
Covid-19 and India's Macroeconomy with Pranjul Bhandari
00:34:16

Four months after the first lockdown, Srinath Raghavan is joined by Pranjul Bhandari as they assess how India's macroeconomic responses have aged through the pandemic. 

References:

A case of wilful spenders turning into forced savers by Pranjul Bhandari

Will today's economic scratch leave a scar? by Pranjul Bhandari

The art of winning trade deals post the pandemic by Pranjul Bhandari

Jul 20, 2020
Understanding the Line of Actual Control with Shyam Saran
00:38:41

Srinath Raghavan is joined by Shyam Saran as they discuss the Line of Actual Control (LAC) on the Sino-Indian border. They look at the way in which the LAC impacts, and is impacted by the relationship between New Delhi and Beijing. 

References: 

How India Sees the World: Kautilya to the 21st Century by Shyam Saran 

As the LAC heats up, reading China’s playbook by Shyam Saran 

A Clash in the eastern Ladakh by Shyam Saran 

 

Jul 02, 2020
Assessing the Sino-Indian Border Confrontation
00:43:24

Srinath Raghavan is joined by Ashley J. Tellis as they discuss the origins and nature of the current Sino-Indian border confrontation. They situate the crisis in the context of broader geopolitical developments and assess its impact on Sino-Indian ties. 

References: 

Hustling in the Himalayas: The Sino-Indian Border Confrontation  by Ashley J. Tellis  

United States Strategic Approach to the People’s Republic of China by The White House, United States of America

Jun 17, 2020
Assessing India's COVID-19 Response With K. Sujatha Rao
00:35:44

To help take stock of India's pandemic strategy, Srinath Raghavan speaks to K. Sujatha Rao. They discuss the impact of India's nationwide lockdown, center-state public health relations, and the way forward. 

References:

  1. Do We Care? India's Public Health System by K. Sujatha Rao
  2. 2nd Joint Statement on the COVID-19 Pandemic in India by the Indian Public Health Association (IPHA), Indian Association of Preventive and Social Medicine (IAPSM) & Indian Association of Epidemiologists 
  3. Members of PM's COVID-19 Task Force Say Lockdown Failed Due to Unscientific Implementation by Vidya Krishnan and Aathira Konikkara
Jun 11, 2020
India's Agrarian Economy and COVID-19 with Himanshu
00:41:48

Srinath Raghavan and Himanshu discuss the state of India’s agrarian economy, agricultural reforms, and the impact of coronavirus on this crucial sector. 

References:

  1. Hardly the 1991 moment for agriculture by Himanshu 
  2. Reducing farm distress during a pandemic by Himanshu
  3. How Lives Change: Palanpur, India, and Development Economics by Himanshu, Peter Lanjouw, and Nicholar Stern
Jun 04, 2020
China's Path to Economic Recovery Post-Coronavirus with Michael Pettis
00:38:15

Srinath Raghavan is joined by Michael Pettis as they discuss the various facets of the Chinese economy and Beijing’s attempts to set itself on the path to economic recovery post-coronavirus.  

References:

  1. Why Higher U.S. Savings Won't Save the Pandemic-Hit Economy by Michael Pettis
  2. Why a Savings Glut Does Not Increase Savings by Michael Pettis
  3. China Financial Markets by Michael Pettis

 

May 28, 2020
Coronavirus and the Indian Labor and Household Sectors with Mahesh Vyas
00:40:48

As India enters week 8 of its lockdown, the country's economy has reached a grinding halt. To better understand the impact of the pandemic – especially on the labor and household sectors– Srinath Raghavan speaks to Mahesh Vyas about the long-term repercussions of the lockdown on the Indian economy.

 

References: 

  1. A Third Shock by Mahesh Vyas 
  2. Sharp Slowdown in Project Completions by Mahesh Vyas
  3. How are Indian Households coping under the COVID-19 Lockdown? 8 Key Findings by Marianne Bertrand, Kaushik Krishnan, and Heather Schofield
May 20, 2020
The Indian Police and State Capacity with Maja Daruwala
00:40:17

Srinath Raghavan speaks to Maja Daruwala, chief editor of the India Justice Report—a first-of-its-kind study— which assesses the state capacity of India’s police force and identifies key areas where reforms are most urgent. The report also focuses on the other three pillars of justice in India, which are the judiciary, prisons and legal aid. 

References:

  1. India Justice Report 2019 by the Tata Trusts
May 14, 2020
Coronavirus and India's Triple Crisis with Reetika Khera
00:36:45

Srinath Raghavan and Reetika Khera discuss the impact of India's "triple crisis" - health, economic, and humanitarian crises - stemming from the rampant coronavirus pandemic, and the way forward for India. 

References: 

1. Covid-19: What can be done immediately to help the vulnerable population by Reetika Khera

2. Viable solutions to PDS portability are being ignored in the push for Aadhar by Reetika Khera

3. Cash Flow is Flawed. Use "Odisha Model" Instead by Reetika Khera

4. From Apathy to Action by Reetika Khera

 

May 07, 2020
Future of US-China Relations Post-Coronavirus with Evan A. Feigenbaum
00:47:27

Srinath Raghavan is  joined by Evan Feigenbaum to discuss how the coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated the geopolitical and economic competition between the US and China and their prospects for cooperation. 

References:

  1. A Tale of Two Asias by Evan A. Feigenbaum and Robert A. Manning
Apr 23, 2020
Learning from China’s Coronavirus Experience with Ananth Krishnan
00:34:07

Srinath Raghavan is joined by Ananth Krishnan to discuss the trajectory of COVID19 in China, Beijing’s strategy to contain the virus, and the lessons India can learn from China in its own fight against the pandemic. 

References:

  1. India to get 15 million PPE kits from China by Ananth Krishnan
Apr 16, 2020
Data privacy and Pandemics with Anirudh Burman
00:33:44

Srinath Raghavan is joined by Anirudh Burman as they discuss how different countries are leveraging data in their fight against COVID19, India’s approach, and what privacy means in a world engulfed by a pandemic.

References:

  1. Will India's Proposed Data Protection Law Protect Privacy and Promote Growth? by Anirudh Burman
  2. What is India's Sweeping Personal Dat Protection Bill? by Anirudh Burman and Suyash Rai
Apr 09, 2020
Globalization in the Age of Coronavirus with Rudra Chaudhuri
00:35:50

Rudra Chaudhuri joins Srinath Raghavan as they talk about the global nature of the coronavirus pandemic and its impact on world politics. 

References:

  1. India Leans Into Its Fight Against the Coronavirus by Rudra Chaudhuri 
Apr 02, 2020
The Economic Impact of COVID-19 with Suyash Rai
00:34:00

Srinath Raghavan and Suyash Rai discuss the grave social and economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic on financial markets and its consequences for India.

References: 

  1. While Fighting COVID-19, India Must Reduce Bankruptcies, Bring Cash Transfers and Tax Reliefs by Suyash Rai
  2. Video: Carnegie Insights: Suyash Rai on the Coronavirus and the Indian Economy 
Mar 26, 2020
Analyzing India's Union Budget 2020
00:35:31

Guest host, Anirudh Burman and Suyash Rai analyze the impact and implications of the Union Budget 2020 on the Indian economic landscape. 

References:

  1. Union Budget 2020 by the Ministry of Finance, Government of India
  2. Backstage: The Story Behind India's High Growth Years by Monetk Singh Ahluwalia
Feb 27, 2020
The Dynamic India-US-China relationship with Tanvi Madan
00:41:11

Tanvi Madan, in conversation with Srinath Raghavan, discusses the dynamic India-US-China trilateral relationship and how China shaped India-US relations during the Cold War.

References:

  1. Fateful Triangle: How China Shaped US-India relations during the Cold War by Tanvi Madan
  2. The Future of American's Contest With China by Evan Osnos
  3. How American Foreign Policy got China Wrong by Kurt Campbell and Ely Ratner
  4. What Went Wrong? US-China Relations from Tiananmen to Trump by James B. Steinberg 
  5. New Delhi Remains Washington's Best Hope in Asia by Robert D. Blackwill and Ashley J. Tellis
Feb 06, 2020
Balancing the Innovation and Regulation of Fintech with Sopnendu Mohanty and Philip Von Restorff
00:36:53

Srinath Raghavan speaks to Sopnendu Mohanty and Philip Von Restorff about the emerging fintech space and the suitable regulatory and policy approaches to it. 

References:

1. Bank of International Settlements

2. The Third Pillar: How Markets and the State leave the Community Behind by Raghuram Rajan

Jan 23, 2020
Applications and Ethics of AI with Chinmayi Arun and Matt Sheehan
00:39:32

Chinmayi Arun and Matt Sheehan breakdown the applications of AI and the ethical debates surrounding its use.

References:

  1. The Transpacific Experiment: How China and California Collaborate and Compete for Our Future by Matt Sheehan
  2. ChinaAI newsletter by Jeff Ding
  3. Podcast: Tech Buzz China by Pandaily 
  4. Artificial Unintelligence: How Computers Misunderstand the World by Meredith Broussard
  5. Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism by Safiya Noble
Jan 09, 2020
The Geopolitics of Data with François Godement and Ralf Sauer
00:32:01

In a special episode recorded at the Global Technology Summit 2019, guest host, Rudra Chaudhuri speaks to François Godement and Ralf Sauer about the global debates on issues of data privacy and data protection, EU's approach to data sovereignty, and the implications of India's personal data protection bill.

References:

  1. Digital Privacy: How Can We Win the Battle? by François Godement
  2. Will a GDPR-Style Data Protection Law Work for India? by Anirudh Burman
  3. The era of data globalism is over. Where does this leave India? by Rudra Chaudhuri
Dec 19, 2019
Data Protection in India with Anirudh Burman
00:30:12

Anirudh Burman and Srinath Raghavan discuss the implications of India's draft personal data protection bill. 

References:

  1. AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley and the New World Order by Kai-Fu Lee
  2. A Free and Fair Digital Economy: Protecting Privacy, Empowering Indians by the Committee of Experts under the Chairmanship of Justice B.N. Srikrishna 
Dec 05, 2019
Diplomacy in a Disordered World with William J. Burns
00:33:24

Srinath Raghavan and William J. Burns highlight the importance of diplomacy in an increasingly tumultuous world and evolving India-US relations.

References:

  1. The Back Channel: A Memoir of American Diplomacy and the Case for Its Renewal by William J. Burns
  2. The Most Dangerous Place: A History of the United States in South Asia by Srinath Raghavan
  3. George F. Kennan: An American Life by John Lewis Gaddis
  4. The Naked Diplomat: Understanding Power and Politics in the Digital Age by Tom Fletcher 

 

Nov 21, 2019
Demystifying India's Financial Sector with Suyash Rai
00:36:27

Suyash Rai provides a comprehensive analysis on the opportunities and challenges for India's financial sector. 

References:

  1. Unelected Power by Paul Tucker
  2. Regulation in India: Banking by Suyash Rai 
Nov 07, 2019
Understanding the RCEP with Rajat Kathuria
00:35:54

Rajat Kathuria and Srinath Raghavan analyze the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and India's approach to the multilateral organization. 

References:

  1. In Defense of Globalization by Jagdish Bhagwati 
  2. Peddling Prosperity by Paul Krugman
Oct 24, 2019
Shaping Space Diplomacy with Rajeswari P. Rajagopalan
00:35:21

Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan and Srinath Raghavan discuss areas for competition, cooperation, and governance in the space domain.

References:

  1. Space Policy 2.0: Commerce, Policy, Security, and Governance edited by Rajeswari P. Rajagopalan and Narayan Prasad Nagendra
  2. Space Warfare in the 21st Century: Arming the Heavens by Jordan Joseph Freese
  3. The Politics of Space Security: Strategic Restraint and the Pursuit of National Interests by James Clay Moltz
Oct 10, 2019
Decoding the India-China Relationship with Shivshankar Menon
00:46:38

As India and China mark 70 years of diplomatic ties, Srinath Raghavan speaks to Shivshankar Menon about the shared history, culture, and future of the bilateral relationship between the two neighbors.

References:

  1. Choices: Inside the Making of India's Foreign Policy by Shivshankar Menon
  2. Over the Horizon: Time, Uncertainty, and the Rise of Great Powers by David M. Edelstein
  3. Leadership and the Rise of Great Powers by Yan Xuetong
Sep 26, 2019
Unpacking the Economy with Indira Rajaraman
00:32:22

Srinath Raghavan sits down with Indira Rajaraman to discuss India's 2019-2020 Union Budget, the ongoing U.S.-China trade war, and the slowing global economy.

References:

  1. Union Budget 2019-2020, Ministry of Finance, Government of India
  2. Of Counsel by Arvind Subramanian
Sep 12, 2019
A Nuclear World with Vipin Narang
00:35:55

Srinath Raghavan sits down with Vipin Narang to discuss India's evolving nuclear strategy and the impact of nuclear weapons around the world.

References:

  1. Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era: Regional Powers and International Conflict by Vipin Narang
  2. India's Counterforce Temptations: Strategic Dilemmas, Doctrine, and Capabilities by Christopher Clary and Vipin Narang
  3. Stopping the Bomb: The Sources and Effectiveness of US Nonproliferation Policy by Nicholas L. Miller
  4. The 2020 Commission Report on the North Korean Nuclear Attacks Against the United States by Jeffrey Lewis
Aug 29, 2019
Trailer: Episode 2
00:00:55
Next week on the Interpreting India podcast, Srinath Raghavan sits down with Vipin Narang to discuss India's role in an evolving global nuclear landscape and the United States' approach toward North Korea and Iran.
Aug 22, 2019
Technology and Society with Nandan Nilekani
00:31:28

Srinath Raghavan sits down with Nandan Nilekani to discuss the future of globalization, data empowerment, and the role of technology on society in India and around the world.

Books Referenced:

  1. Imagining India: The Idea of a Renewed Nation by Nandan Nilekani
  2. Rebooting India: Realizing a Billion Aspirations by Nandan Nilekani and Viral Shah
  3. Capitalism in America by Alan Greenspan and Adrian Wooldridge
Aug 15, 2019
Trailer: Episode 1
00:01:07

Interpreting India debuts August 15. For the inaugural episode, Srinath Raghavan talks to Nandan Nilekani about the economy, data privacy, and India's role in an increasingly globalized world.

Aug 13, 2019