Daf Yomi for Women - Hadran

By Michelle Cohen Farber

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Description

Hadran.org.il is the portal for Daf Yomi studies for women. Hadran.org.il is the first and only site where one can hear a daily Talmud class taught by a woman. The classes are taught in Israel by Rabbanit Michelle Cohen Farber, a graduate of Midreshet Lindenbaum’s scholars program with a BA in Talmud and Tanach from Bar-Ilan University. Michelle has taught Talmud and Halacha at Midreshet Lindenbaum, Pelech high school and MATAN. She lives in Ra’anana with her husband and their five children. Each morning the daf yomi class is delivered to a cadre of adult women in Ra’anana and then immediately uploaded and available for podcast and download. Hadran.org.il reaches women who can now have access to a woman’s perspective on the most essential Jewish traditional text. This podcast represents a revolutionary step in advancing women’s Torah study around the globe.

Episode Date
Berakhot 18
46:23
<p>One whose close relative died is considered an ‘onen’ and is exempt from commandments. Why? What does it mean “if your dead is before you” – is it to be taken literally? What is forbidden to do in a cemetary if one is close to a dead body so that one does not upset the dead? If the dead can’t see then why will it upset them? There is a question whether or not dead people can see what goes on in this world – and verses and stories are brought to try to come to a conclusion regarding this topic.</p>
Jan 21, 2020
Berakhot 17
43:17
<p>The gemara lists prayers that rabbis would add at the end of their shmone esreh or at particular moments. What is the root of the debate between the rabbis and Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel regarding whether or not a groom can say shema on his wedding night? Is the issue that he not appear arrogant? If so, this seems the exact opposite of their debate regarding working on Tisha B'av. One is exempt from mitzvot on the day a close relative dies before the burial. Also those carrying the body are exempt from certain mitzvot - depending on how needed they are. </p>
Jan 20, 2020
Berakhot 16
47:49
<p>Rabbi Elazar explains what to do when one gets confused at various points in shema. What are the laws regarding workers - can they come down from a tree or a high wall to say shema and shmone esreh? Is there a difference between the two? Why? Does it depend what type of salary the worker receives? A groom is exempt from shema on his wedding night and for a few days until he has sex with his wife for the first time. Why? A few stories are brought regarding Rabban Gamliel where he acted against mainstream halacha. Each time he is challenged by his students and explains to them why he made an exception. Laws regarding canaanite slaves are discussed - can one mourn for them? The gemara brings a list of personal prayers that rabbis added at the end of their shmone esreh. Some are incorporated into our prayers but not immediately following shmone esreh.</p>
Jan 19, 2020
Berakhot 15
40:21
<p>What is the order of activities one should do in the morning? Does one need to search far for water to wash one’s hands before shema and shmone esreh? Is it more important for one than the other? Does one need to hear the words one says in shema? Can one just think it in one’s heart? What about other blessings? Is the requirement the same? What exactly are the different opinions? How many different opinions are there? What do we learn from the words “and one should write them” what parts should be written? How careful does one need to be with reciting the words carefully? With which words does one need to be particularly careful?</p>
Jan 18, 2020
Berakhot 14
41:35
<p>Can one talk in the middle of hallel or megila? Can one taste food on a fast day? Can one greet someone or deal with things before praying in the morning? Can one stop to greet someone in between the words "is our God" to "truth"? Why? Do we say the entire third paragraph of shema at night or only part? Which part? Why? What is the significance to the order of shema? The gemara quotes a braita that tells a different answer than the one given in the mishna. Does one put on tefillin before or after saying shema? The gemara deals with this question by bringing sources and stories that seem to contradict and tries to resolve the contradiction.</p>
Jan 18, 2020
Berakhot 13
45:36
<p>Why is there a difference between the change of name of Yaakov and Avraham's name change? Is it forbidden to call Avraham Avram? Does the mitzva of shema need intent? Why type of intent? Is one allowed to speak at all during shema and its blessings? On what does it depend? What is the significance of the order of the sections of shema? Does one need to say shema in hebrew or can one say it in any language? There is a debate and each brings proof texts. Until what section of shema does one need intent? Can one say shema in one's heart or does one need to say the words? Does one need to hear the words? Can one say only the sentence "shema..." and fulfill one's obligation? It is told of Rabbi Yehuda Hanasi that he did that - why?</p>
Jan 16, 2020
Berakhot 12
47:24
<p>It was implied from something Rabbi Zeira said that the blessing the priests said in the temple before shema was "God who created light." But the gemara rejects this and says that one can interpret that statement in a different way and it could be the blessing of "great love that God has for the Jewish people." Why were the ten commandments no longer used as part of the liturgy in the temple and outside the temple? What do the priests who are leaving their watch bless those who are beginning their watch? What does this teach you about priests' behavior in the temple? If someone starts a blessing thinking she is going to drink wine and then remembers that it is beer, and finishes the blessing correctly, does that work? Do we go by the main part of the blessing or the ending? The gemara tries to answer the question from other sources but is unsuccessful.. The gemara brings five statements of Rabba son of  Chinnana Saba in the name of Rav: 1. If one doesn't say emet v'yatziv in the morning or emet v'emuna at night one does not fulfill one's obligation (what obligation?). Why? 2. During prayer, we bow at baruch and stand up at God's name. Why? 3. In the ten days of repentance we say "the holy king" and "the king of judgement". There are those who disagree. What if one forgets to say them? 4. One who can pray for others and doesn't is considered a sinner. 5. One who pray and is then embarrassed by one's sin is pardons from all of one's sins. This is learned from King Saul. The rabbis wanted Parshat Balak to be said daily as part of shema. Why did they want to and why didn't this happen? Parshat tzitzit was chosen for five themes. Rabbi Elazar ben Azaria and the rabbis argue about whether one needs to mention the exodus from Egypt at night. What is the source of their debate?</p>
Jan 15, 2020
Berakhot 11
27:35
<p>From the phrase "when you sit in your house and when you walk on your way" one derives that one who is occupied with a mitzvah or a groom on the night of his wedding are exempt from saying shema. The groom is exempt because his mind is preoccupied with the fulfillment of a mitzvah. Can one derived from here that one who is preoccupied for other reasons would be exempt also even if not for a mitzvah? A mourner is obligated in all mitzvot except for tefillin (he is exempt on the first day only). Can one hold like Beit Shamai and lie down for shema at night and stand up in the morning? Vatious opinions are brought. What are the blessings before shema in the morning? On what type of learning does one need to say the blessings on the Torah for? What is the blessing that needs to be said? In Masechet Tamid, there is a description of the prayers of the priests in the Temple. They said only one blessing before shema. Which one? </p>
Jan 13, 2020
Berakhot 10
47:22
<p>Bruria corrects Rabbi Meir, her husband, that one should not pray for the death of evildoers but for their repentance. There is a discussion between Bruria and a heretic and Rabbi Avahu and a heretic regarding verses that are hard to understand. The verse in Proverbs "the her mouth is full of intelligence" is said regarding King David who praised God throughout different stages in his life. The verses of Barchi Nafshi are explained. Why the phrase used five times? The soul is similar to God is five ways. The gemara describes the story in which Yeshayahu visits Chizkiyahu who is dying. How did the story play out? How did Chizkiyahu end up not dying then? What was his sin for which he was supposed to die? Is it better to pray based on one's own merits or to pray baed on the merits of others? Can leaders accept gifts from others? Examples from both directions are brought from Elisha and Shmuel. One should pray from a place of humility. One should not eat before praying. What happens if one doesn't say shema in the first three hours of the day? Beit Shamai and Beit Hillel debate what position one should be in when saying shema. Rabbi Tarfon tried to do like Beit Shamai and was told he was deserving of death!</p>
Jan 13, 2020
Berakhot 9
47:54
<p>Can one recite shema right before and right after sunrise and fulfill both the night and day obligations? Why when the mishna lists mitzvot that can be done all night, it doesn't list eating the Pesach sacrifice? Rabbi Elazar ben Azaria and Rabbi Akiva have a debate regarding the time one can eat the Pesach sacrifice - midnight or until the end of the night. Why did the Jews borrow jewelry from the Egyptians before they left? Were they happy to do this or not? From when can one read shema in the mornig and until when? Does one need to juxtapose the blessing after shema of redemption to shmone esreh? If so, how does this effect the time whne one can say shema? </p>
Jan 12, 2020
Berakhot 8
38:34
<p>It is best to pray at the time that the community is praying. Why is that? What type of things is it important to pray for? Is it better to pray in a synogogue or a place where one learns? Why? Is it best to live near one's rabbi or not? One should read the prasha twice and once with a translation before it is read in the synogogue. Is it ok to do a number of weeks at once? The gemara mentions things that rabbis taught there children regarding behaviors that one should be careful about - including some they learned from people of other nations. One should be careful not to sit on a bed of an Armean women - three interpretations are brought regarding the meaning of this. One explanantion includes a story of Rav Papa that was almost framed for killing a baby but was saved because he checked first under the bed and found the dead baby.</p>
Jan 11, 2020
Berakhot 7
44:53
<p> </p> <p>Does God pray? Does God get angry? If so, for how long? When? This was a secret that Bilam knew and would use it to curse people at that exact moment. It is more effective for one to realize one's mistakes internally and change their way, rather than to be punished and repent because of the punishment. Did God show his ways to Moshe or not when Moshe asked after the sin of the golden calf? If he didn't was it because of Moshe's behavior at the burning bush? Was his behavior there viewed favorably or not? Avraham was the first to call God master. One should not try to appease someone in their moment of anger. Leah was the first to thank. Why is Reuven called by that name? Why Ruth? It's much harder for a parent when a child deviates from the path, than the battle of Gog and Magog. Is it ok to rebuke wicked people? Under what circumstances? The gemara talks about the importance of have a set place to pray and of serving learned people.  </p>
Jan 10, 2020
Berakhot 6
46:30
<p>One should pray facing the wall. One's bed shouold be facing North to South. One who finishes praying earlier, should not leave a friend behind. Is this the case in every situation? Evil spirits (which may just mean anxieties) are all around us. What is the best way to deal with it? Best to pray in a synagogue. If ten people pray together, three people judge together and two (or even one) people learn together, the presence of God is there. God wears (figuratively) tefillin. Just as we declare the God is one, God declares that we are the chosen one. Best to choose a place and always pray there. One should not run away from the synagogue. One gets rewarded for running to learn, for crowing on to hear a shiur, for delving into the text, for being silent in the house of a mourner, for giving charity on a fast day, for praising a bride and groom. One cannot pray while facing a different direction from everyone else. One should be careful always to pray the mincha service (and all the others). One must make the bride and groom happy at their wedding. </p>
Jan 09, 2020
Berakhot 5
46:49
<p>Why do we say Shema at night in bed? How do we view suffering? What is "suffering out of love"? Is there a way to know id the suffering is because you sinned or is it suffering out of love. Why do good things happen to bad people? How can we comfort others who are suffering? Rabbi Yochanan lost 10 children and would show people his faith by carrying the bone of his tenth son. Is it OK to steal from one who stole? </p>
Jan 08, 2020
Berakhot 4
43:57
<p>Did Moshe and King David really not know when it was midnight? It seems that they did know. If so, why did Moshe say "around midnight" and what was the need to David's harp? How was David different from other kings? How did he respond when Mefiboshet corrected him? In what way was his son Kilav special? Why are there dots on the word "lulai" in the verse in Psalms? How can sinning affect something that is supposed to happen? Why did the Rabbis say one can say shema until midnight? One who doesn't keep to the words of the rabbis on this issue are deserving of death. Why so severe? Does one need to mention redemption right before shmone esrei in maariv - meaning does one say shema before or after shmone esrei? What is the basis for each opinion? If one says ashrei 3 times a day, one is guaranteed entry in the World to Come. Why? Why is the letter samech missing from ashrei?</p>
Jan 07, 2020
Berakhot 3
45:49
<p>Rabbi Eliezer says one can say shema until the end of the first watch. How many watches were there? Three or four? What are signs of each watch? Rabbi Yosi went into a ruin and prayed. Eliyahu Hanavi rebukes him for doing that. What are the three reasons why people can't go into a ruin? Did King David wake up at midnight? Or before? How did he know even when midnight was if even Moshe Rabeinu didn't know?</p>
Jan 06, 2020
Berakhot 2
45:51
<p>What is the time range in which one can say the prayer of Shema at night? Why did the mishna start in mid topic? Why with the night prayer and not the morning prayer of Shema? Why did they describe the time based on an action and not in a time frame connected to the sun (from when three stars come out)? The gemara brings several braitot that deal with the same question but bring different answers and the gemara tries to figure out what the different times are and how these different sources work together.</p>
Jan 05, 2020
Niddah 73
15:58
<p>Are the differences between nidda and zava something passed from by an old established tradition (halacha l'Moshe mi Sinai) or from verses? The braita raises all sorts of possibilities in order to understand how we know what the Torah meant the difference to be between nidda and zava and how to determine if blood is seen, which category does it fall into?</p>
Jan 05, 2020
Niddah 72
29:58
<p>What is the status of a woman who bleeds on the eleventh day of her zava days? To what extent, on her twelfth day is she similar to a woman who is shomeret yom k'neged yom. Beit Shamai and Beit Hillel disagree about that? After she goes to the mikveh on day 12, if she slept with her husband or dealt with pure items, what is the law? Is it dependent on whether she bleeds or not throughout that day? If a woman sees on day ten, is she considered a shomeret yom k'neged yom - because she cannot become a zava gedola. Rabbi Yochanan and Reish Lakish debate this.</p>
Jan 05, 2020
Niddah 71
39:11
<p dir="ltr">A woman who dies – do we treat her clothes as clothes of a niddah (and require purification) or not? Why do Beit Shammai think we do? What is the status of blood that comes out of a woman as she is dying – does it carry impurities of niddah or of blood from a dead person which transfer impurity of a tent? What level of impurity is a woman considered when she is in her pure days following childbirth (after she goes to the mikveh for the first set of either 7 or 14)? What items can she touch and what can’t she touch? What is the status of a woman who sees blood for one day on her last day of being a zava – to what extent is she considered like a woman who normally sees one zava day who needs to wait out the wohle next day to see if she bleeds – as in this case, if she bleeds, she won’t be considered a zava but a niddah! What is she goes to the mikveh that night? Or the next morning and then slept with her husband without waiting out the day?</p>
Jan 02, 2020