Experimental Cognitive Psychology

By Stanislas Dehaene

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Description

Stanislas Dehaene received his training in mathematics at the École normale supérieure in Paris, then completed a PhD in cognitive psychology with Jacques Mehler, post-doctoral studies with Michael Posner, as well as neuronal modelling studies with Jean-Pierre Changeux. He has been working since 1997 at the Orsay brain imaging center near Paris (Service Hospitalier Frédéric Joliot of the Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique), where he directs the Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit since 2001. In September 2005 he was elected as a full professor on the newly created chair of Experimental Cognitive Psychology at the Collège de France in Paris. Stanislas Dehaene's interests concern the cerebral bases of specifically human cognitive functions such as language, calculation, and reasoning. The team uses a variety of experimental methods, including mental chronometry in normal subjects, cognitive analyses of brain-lesioned patients, and brain-imaging studies with positron emission tomography, functional magnetic resonance imaging, and high-density recordings of event-related potentials. Formal models of minimal neuronal networks are also devised and simulated in an attempt to throw some links between molecular, physiological, imaging, and behavioral data. Stanislas Dehaene's main scientific contributions include the study of the organization of the cerebral system for number processing. Using converging evidence from PET, ERPs, fMRI, and brain lesions, Stanislas Dehaene demonstrated the central role played by a region of the intraparietal sulcus in understanding quantities and arithmetic (the number sense). He was also the first to demonstrate that subliminal presentations of words can yield detectable cortical activations in fMRI, and has used these data to support an original theory of conscious and nonconscious processing in the human brain. With neurologist Laurent Cohen, he also studied the neural networks of reading and demonstrated the crucial role of the left occipito-temporal region in word recognition (the visual word form area). Stanislas Dehaene is the author of over 100 scientific publications in major international journals. He has received several international prizes including the McDonnell Centennial Fellowship and the Louis D. prize of the French Academy of Sciences (with D. Lebihan). He has published an acclaimed book (The Number Sense), which has been translated in eight languages. He has also edited three books on brain imaging, consciousness, and brain evolution, and has authored two general-audience films on the human brain. He is the associate editor of Cognition, an international journal of Cognitive Science.

Episode Date
01 - The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences
76:08
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2011-2012 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences 01 - Introduction to Bayesian reasoning and its applications
Jun 15, 2014
02 - The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences
65:02
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2011-2012 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences 02 - Bayesian mechanisms of induction
Jun 15, 2014
03 - The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences
75:15
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2011-2012 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences 03 - Visual illusions: optimal inferences?
Jun 15, 2014
04 - The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences
75:07
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2011-2012 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences 04 - Constraints combination and selection of a unique percept
Jun 15, 2014
05 - The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences
75:36
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2011-2012 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences 05 - Bayesian decision-making
Jun 15, 2014
06 - The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences
72:57
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2011-2012 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences 06 - The neuronal implementation of Bayesian mechanisms
Jun 15, 2014
07 - The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences
74:16
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2011-2012 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The Statistician Brain: the Bayesian revolution in cognitive sciences 07 - The brain seen as a predictive system
Jun 15, 2014
01 - The baby as a statistician : Bayesian theories of learning
75:12
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2012-2013 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The baby as a statistician : Bayesian theories of learning 01 - Bayesian learning theory: Are all babies scientists in the crib ?
Dec 15, 2014
02 - The baby as a statistician : Bayesian theories of learning
73:11
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2012-2013 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The baby as a statistician : Bayesian theories of learning 02 - The sense of probabilities in children
Dec 15, 2014
03 - The baby as a statistician : Bayesian theories of learning
70:51
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2012-2013 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The baby as a statistician : Bayesian theories of learning 03 - The acquisition of statistical regularities
Dec 15, 2014
04 - The baby as a statistician : Bayesian theories of learning
84:53
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2012-2013 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The baby as a statistician : Bayesian theories of learning 04 - The discovery of words and their acquisition
Dec 15, 2014
05 - The baby as a statistician : Bayesian theories of learning
78:28
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2012-2013 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The baby as a statistician : Bayesian theories of learning 05 - Towards a Bayesian theory of the lexicon
Dec 15, 2014
06 - The baby as a statistician : Bayesian theories of learning
76:50
Stanislas Dehaene Collège de France - 2012-2013 Experimental Cognitive Psychology The baby as a statistician : Bayesian theories of learning 06 - Theory of mind: A Bayesian inference?
Dec 15, 2014